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Liver Cancer - PubAg

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Last Updated: 16 October 2021

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An MRI-trackable therapeutic nanovaccine preventing cancer liver metastasis

Cancer vaccines including tumor-associated antigens can start an effective antitumor immune response via antigen-presenting cells, such as dendritic cells and macrophages, and have revealed fantastic possible in cancer avoidance and therapy. OMPN displayed outstanding anticancer efficiency against an orthotopic cancer malignancy and could avoid liver metastasis in a tumor re-challenge mice model. In addition, the movement habits of DCs in the inguinal lymph node after vaccination was tracked by MRI contrasted with OMPN, suggesting successful DC activation and immune response.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7391699


Molecular mechanism of liver X receptors in cancer therapeutics

Liver X receptors are receptors that belong to the nuclear receptor superfamily. Activating LXRs can advertise and hinder the tumorigenesis apoptosis of growth cells, that make LXRs as potential targets in cancer treatment. This testimonial will discuss the recent progress of LXRs from the structure and function of LXRs, the signaling path of LXRs, the molecular mechanism of LXRs activation in cancers cells, and the potential targets of LXRs in cancer therapy.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7299775


Mild Magnetic Hyperthermia-Activated Innate Immunity for Liver Cancer Therapy

Such a disadvantageous quality of advantageous liver uptake is right here manipulated, for the very first time as for we know, to treat orthotopic liver cancer by moderate MHT making use of specially made composite magnetic nanoparticles. The controlled light MHT at 43-- 44 ° C based on ZCMF shows nearly total restraint of liver cancer cell proliferation and tumor growth, which is connected with the suppression of heat shock healthy protein 70 expression. The moderate MHT-treated liver cancer cells are qualified of turning on natural killer cells by drastically upregulating the expression of UL16-binding proteins, ligands of natural killer team 2 participant D. This work not only evidences the fantastic potential of mild MHT yet exposes the underlying immunity activation mechanism in liver cancer treatment by light MHT.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7403659


Ultra-small gold nanoparticles self-assembled by gadolinium ions for enhanced photothermal/photodynamic liver cancer therapy

Gold nanomaterials are commonly made use of in biomedical research study as medication shipment systems, imaging agents and therapeutic materials owing to their special physicochemical properties and high biocompatibility. In vivo treatment experiments disclosed that the nanoprobes achieved enhanced photodynamic/photothermal combination therapy under laser irradiation and considerably inhibited tumour development. For that reason, the nanoprobes have fantastic possible for anti-tumour therapy guided by dual-mode real-time imaging of liver cancer.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7265968


ONX0912, a selective oral proteasome inhibitor, triggering mitochondrial apoptosis and mitophagy in liver cancer

ONX0912 treatment caused a raised level of mitochondrial membrane possible collapse and mitochondrial ROS in growth cells in a focus- and exposure time-dependent manner, suggesting ONX0912 causes apoptosis with the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway. Moreover, we found that the ONX0912 target healthy protein, LMP7 was overexpressed in liver cancer tissues compared to their surrounding tissues and raised degree of LMP7 forecasted even worse medical characteristics and poorer prognosis. In conclusion, we showed that ONX0912 reduced liver cancer cell development by inducing apoptosis and mitophagy.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7282867


Improved pharmacokinetic and biodistribution of 5-fluorouracil loaded biomimetic nanoerythrocytes decorated nanocarriers for liver cancer treatment

NEs meant to improve the drug targeting because of immune evasion and long flow. In this work, NEs might work as effective 5- fluorouracil carriers to target liver cells. The outcomes revealed that 5-FU-C-NPs-NEs have slim fragment size distribution, desirable EE%, and kept the erythrocyte membrane properties as validated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In contrast to 5-FU solution and 5-FU-C-NPs, 5-FU-C-NPs-NEs expanded the medicine launch time in vivo with highly uptake by the liver. These outcomes recommend that the 5-FU-C-NPs-NEs could be utilized to supply 5-FU and boost its targetability to liver cancer.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7139928


A Licorice Roots Extract Induces Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest and Improves Metabolism via Regulating MiRNAs in Liver Cancer Cells

Natural products interplay between gene expression and metabolic rate either by targeting altered metabolic enzymes and/or impacting the controling miRNAs. Here, we investigated the impact of licorice origins extract on some metabolic pathways and their regulating miRNAs in hepatocellular cancer cells. Our data revealed various valuable results of licorice origins draw out consisting of induction of apoptosis and cell cycle apprehension. The present information highlights the ability of licorice origins extract to improve apoptosis and cell cycle apprehension and right altered metabolic rate, it advises against its negative results, hence, its use for avoidance and therapy should continue with caution.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7366139


Recent advances of nanomedicines for liver cancer therapy

Liver cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers and the 3rd leading root cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Liver cancer is aloof to chemotherapeutic medicines due to its innate or obtained drug resistance and the lack of ability of delivering sufficient medicines to growths using existing radiation treatment. Nanomedicines utilize nanoscale or nanostructured materials in medicines for particular clinical purposes. Diverse nanomaterials, varied targeting moieties, and details approaches for controlled release of nanomedicines for liver cancer therapy are summed up.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/6935364


Antiproliferative Effects of Thymoquinone in MCF-7 Breast and HepG2 Liver Cancer Cells: Possible Role of Ceramide and ER Stress

Incubation with TQ substantially reduced cell viability, S1P, C1P, NF-κB1 mRNA and NF-κB p65 healthy protein levels in cancer cells contrasted to controls. A significant boost was observed in N-SMase activity, cellular degrees of C16-C24 CERs and cleaved caspase-3 levels in cancer cells treated with TQ. GRP78 mRNA and protein degrees also increased in cancer cells treated with TQ. Finally, TQ-induced ceramide accumulation and emergency room stress combined with decreased C1P, nf-κb and s1p moderated cell survival may advertise cancer cell fatality by activating apoptosis.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7281345


β-Cyclodextrin-cholic acid-hyaluronic acid polymer coated Fe3O4-graphene oxide nanohybrids as local chemo-photothermal synergistic agents for enhanced liver tumor therapy

Synergistic photochemical therapy with high performance and weak side effects is of fantastic significance in hepatocellular carcinoma treatment, therefore innovative construct of nano-based therapy agents with accurate drug delivery and high photothermal conversion effectiveness is of vital to the cancer therapy. Based on the facile photothermal response of MGO, the near-infrared radiation induced regional hyperthermia was straight generated the apoptosis of growth cells while set off the launch of CPT. Comparing to other kinds of cancer cells and normal hepatocyte cells, this PCT system gives a significant inhibitory effect for the liver cancer cells in vitro.

Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7200499

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions