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Kyphosis - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 25 July 2022

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Abrogation of LBX1 in skeletal muscle results in hypoplastic limbs and progressive kyphosis in mice.

However, the possibility of LBX1's involvement in this spinal deformity has yet to be clarified. In this research, we wanted to see whether a lack of LBX1 in skeletal muscle resulted in spinal deformities in mice. We grew mutant mice in which the Lbx1 allele was conditionally excised under the custody of a human muscle actin promoter. Mice lacking LBX1 from the skeletal muscle were fertile and available. These results showed that LBX1 is involved in limb growth and possibly in mice's spinal curvature/alignment.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35856296


Risk factors for proximal junctional kyphosis after pediatric spinal deformity surgery with halo gravity traction.

Prior to posterior spinal fusion, the aim was to determine risk factors for proximal junctional kyphosis in pediatric patients with scoliosis undergoing halo gravity traction. Patients in the PJK had a greater loss of cervical lordosis, greater risk of lumbar lordosis during traction, and less significant coronal curve angle correction despite traction. Patients in the Upper End vertebrae slope increased from postoperative to last follow-up. Conclusions presented in-depth radiographic results of reduced cervical lordosis, decreased major coronal curve, increased lumbar lordosis, and shift of cervical sagittal balance at last follow-up can have ramifications regarding level selection and risk of PJK.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35851613


Risk of distal junctional kyphosis in scheuermann's kyphosis is decreased by selecting the LIV as two vertebrae distal to the first lordotic disc.

The distal junctional angle postoperative from the preoperative junctional angle was predicted as > 10 bb0 change in the distal junctional angle postoperative from the preoperative junctional angle. In 31 patients in whom the LIV was proximal to the SSV generated DJK, 31 patients were dead, whereas 7 in whom the LIV was proximal to the SSV developed DJK. In patients in whom the LIV was one vertebra lower than and ten in whom the LIV was one vertebra below the 1stLD developed DJK, and ten in whom the LIV was two vertebrae below the 1stLD developed DJK were both vertebrae below and ten in whom the LIV was one vertebrae below the LIV was two vertebrae below the 1stLD had DJK were two vertebrae below the 1stLD had DJK If the LIV was one vertebra below the 1stLD, a significant rise in DJK growth was evident in DJK growth. With respect to the SSV, there was no association between DJK growth and LIV position. Among the few patients with LIV proximal to SSV, no association was found between DJK growth and the location of distal fusion level in terms of the SSV, possibly due to the small number of patients with LIV proximal to SSV.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35840788


Establishment of an Individualized Distal Junctional Kyphosis Risk Index following the Surgical Treatment of Adult Cervical Deformities.

To minimize postop DJK occurrences, it's likely that we'll develop a unique risk index specific to each patient to help in patient education and surgical planning. Background Distal junctional kyphosis is a radiographic finding that has arisen after patients' medical fusions, which may result in sagittal spinal deformity, pain and disability, as well as neurological impairment. A patient-specific DJK score was created by using unstandardized Beta weights of a multivariate regression model forecasting DJK. DJK Pts were more frail at BL, and underwent a more layered strategy. 0. 036 - 0. 032 percent 0. 036 + 0. 03 - 0. 032 points 0. 032 - 0. 03 - 0. 07+ 0. 43 + 0. 83+ 0. 43 + 0. 53 + 0. 03 0. 036+ 0. 030 + 0. 03 0. 05 + 0. 03 - 0. 032. 01= 0. 33-0. 030+ 0. 01+ 0. 036+ 0. 03+ 0. 036 + 0. 032 0. 032 - 0. 033 0. 05- 0. 036+ 0. 03 0. 09 0. 05+ 0. 06+ 0. 056 + 0. 031+ 0. 036 + 0. 03 + 0. 036 - 0. 01 0. 036 0. 036 0. 036 0. 03 0. 03 0. 06 0. 051 + 0. 039 - 0. 036 0. 036 0. 031 + 0. 036 0. 036 0. 03 0. 036 0. 036 0. 032 0. 03 0. 039 0. 036 0. 037 0. 036 0. 05+ 0. 036 0. 032 0. 032; 0. 036 0. 032 Conclusions This report recommends the development of a novel risk index of DJK growth that focuses on potentially reversible surgical causes as well as established patient-related and radiographic determinants.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35853172


Treatment of rigid post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis by a novel technique of spinal joints release

The aim of this study was to assess the adequacy of a novel technique named spinal joints' introduction and examine its efficacy in treating rigid post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis. Methods: RPTK patients who were treated by SJR with facet resection, limited laminotomy, clearance of the intervertebral space, and the release of the anterior longitudinal ligament through the intervertebral foramen from August 2015 to August 2021 were evaluated. According to ASIA's report, Spinal cord functional recovery was assessed. SJR surgical technique was used to treat forty-three patients effectively. SJR surgery technique helped them. The average hospitalization time was 224 u00b1 31 minutes, and intraoperative blood loss was 450 mL. At the final follow-up, more than a grade neurological recovery was achieved for more than a year neurological recovery. Posterior SJR surgery for patients with RPTK has the benefits of less trauma and less blood loss, as well as better kyphosis correction, which is safe.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR518700


Geometric analysis of pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) for Kyphosis correction: anterior lengthening may occur at the osteotomized body as well as at the discs above and below.

Methods Twenty-two patients were selected for primarily kyphosis corrected by PSO and with clear x-rays indicating preoperative and postoperative x-rays. According to u00b0 0. 8 and 6. 09, respectively, the absolute Mean 'b1 SE for K - G and K - R was 2. 33 and 6. 09, respectively. In 13 cases, anterior and anterior shortening were present. There were three cage insertion cases: 1 had anterior lengthening, and 2 had anterior shortening even with the cage. Conclusion This report verified the geometric and rough approximations that were originally used in PVCR patients for PSO patients. In addition, this report showed that anterior lengthening can occur in PSOs mostly at the discs but occasionally at the osteotomized body.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35831481


Open vs Percutaneous Pedicle Instrumentation for Kyphosis Correction in Traumatic Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Spine Injuries.

PPI vs. the conventional open posterior strategy in patients with severe kyphosis dysfunction following traumatic thoracic and TL spine injuries. The purpose of this research is to determine the degree of kyphosis improvement obtained by PPI vs. the conventional open posterior approach in patients presenting with severe kyphosis abnormalities after traumatic thoracic and TL spine injuries. Methods included in this study were based on Institutional Review Board approval, patients who underwent surgery for thoracic or TL fractures with at least 15 bb0 of focal kyphosis in a 5-year period, with at least 15 billion dollars of focal kyphosis in a five-year period. On sagittal preoperative computed tomography photos, immediate and follow-up postoperative upright radiographs, Cobb angle 1 vertebrae above and below the point of injury on sagittal preoperative computed tomography image, immediate and follow-up postoperative upright radiographs were measured using Cobb angle 1 vertebrae above and 1 below the level of injury on sagittal preoperative computed tomography picture, immediate and follow-up postoperative upright radiographs. Compared to 11'u00b0 for PPI, Open patients received 11u00b0 of immediate correction after 11u00b0 for PPI. Conclusions PPI techniques are equivalent postoperative angular correction and maintenance of correction compared to open surgery in thoracic and TL trauma patients.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35831062


Correlation between thoracic kyphosis and dry needle length required to reach the pleural space needling the upper trapezius: A cadaveric fluoroscopic assessment.

Background It is unknown if increased thoracic kyphosis increases pneumothorax risk during upper trapezius dry needling. Objectives To reach the pleural space dry needling the upper trapezius in prone, one should fluoroscopically look for a correlation between prone thoracic kyphosis and needle length. Prone thoracic kyphosis was determined using two bubble inclinometers. Results fifteen cadaveric specimens with a mean age of 74. 9 u00b1 9. 7 and mean kyphosis of 21. 5 u00b1 17. 7 were used, with mean kyphosis of 21. 5 u00b0=u00b17. 7. The connection between needle depth penetration and kyphosis was not significant. Longer needles were more likely to reach the pleural space than shorter needles, according to the author. Conclusions Thoracic kyphosis was not linked to needle length, according to the pleural space. When dry needling the upper trapezius is prone, clinicians may consider shorter needles to reduce potential risk.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35841842


Body mass index and paraspinal muscle on sagittal spino-pelvic alignment and balance in patients with degenerative kyphosis: a case-control study

Objective: To characterize the distribution of paraspinal muscle in degenerative kyphosis and determine the effects of body mass index and paraspinal muscle on sagittal alignment and balance status, see figure 1. Detailed information: of Background Data The relationship between sagittal alignment, BMI, and paraspinal muscle in DK is vague, and the available devices for measuring paraspinal muscle length are uncertain, and the current techniques for measuring paraspinal muscle length are uncertain. Methods: According to the DK group, degenerative thoracolumbosis or the loss of lumbar lordosis was defined as a DK group, with 60 volunteers as a control group that was well-matched to the DK group in terms of age and gender. In the DK group, the mean LCIV was smaller, and LCIV increased from T12-L1 to L4-L5 was raised, according to the DK group. mLCIV in the DK group was positively related to BMI and LL, and BMI and LL were positively linked to bMI and LL, while LL and LL were positively related, and BMI and LL were both influencing factors of mLCIV. The mLCIV was also larger in the SB2 group, and LL was an independent predictor of PT in DK patients.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR515980


Efficacy of halo-gravity traction in the perioperative treatment of severe scoliosis and kyphosis: A comparison of adolescent and adult patients.

Objective Objective: To determine the radiographic findings and clinical difficulties of adolescent and adult patients with severe scoliosis by comparing the results and clinical difficulties. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of 51 patients with severe scoliosis who underwent a posterior spinal instrumented fusion with halo-gravity traction during the perioperative period between March 2010 and June 2017. Overall, patients in both groups showed significant improvement in their key scoliosis and kyphosis, as well as in the adult group, although the main curve and kyphosis correction rate was much higher in the adolescent group than in the adult group. Halo-gravity traction is a quick and safe way to correct spinal deformities and improve lung function, particularly in adolescent patients with severe scoliosis. In addition, it may reduce the risk of neurological disorders and the presence of osteotomy in posterior spinal instrumented fusion surgery.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35809839

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions