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Inhalant - Crossref

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Last Updated: 21 January 2023

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Low Self-Control, Substance-Using Peers and Intimate Partners, Pro-Drug Use Definitions, and Inhalant Use Among Convicted Offenders in South Korea

Hirschi has consistently stated that the connection between social learning variables and crime is a result of low self-control and poor self-control. Among a sample of 739 male prisoners in South Korea, this research helps fill those holes in the literature by investigating the potential mediation effects of social learning variables on the relationship between LSC and inhalant use.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022042620961351


P01-164 - Volatile Inhalant Dependence and Intoxication among a Sample of Egyptian Street Children

Short interview sheet for street children, Inhalant Dependence and Intoxication Checklist for Street children, Inhalant Dependence and Intoxication Checklist for street children, Inhalant Dependence and Intoxication diagnostic criteria, and Intoxication Diagnostic criteria for hippuric acid were investigated. Among a sample of Egyptian street children, the study aims to identify common signs of volatile inhalant dependence and intoxication. Many disadvantages were faced by street children who were intoxicated. Particularly in terms of detection, detoxification, and mental health care, there is a great need to provide integrated rehabilitation medical services targeted at such vulnerable people.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-9338(10)70370-9


Troponemia Secondary to Air Duster Inhalant Abuse

Compressed air duster cans currently available in the United States contain a variety of hazardous chemicals, including different hydrofluorocarbons that have a psychoactive effect on the central nervous system. We're discussing the case of a 33-year-old man who became diaphoretic and with a near-syncope after inhaling several cans of Surf Onn electronic duster gas cleaner and causing acute cardiac, liver, and kidney injury after that.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.12890/2022_003556


Comparison of Traditional Lecture-Based Learning versus Interactive Electronic Book Learning in Veterinary Student Comprehension of Inhalant Anesthetic Administration, Uptake, and Elimination

We speculated that the use of an interactive electronic book would increase student knowledge of the subject. In a prospective controlled study, two related Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine student cohorts obtained two sequential Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine student cohorts. The first cohort received traditional lecture-based instruction, while the second cohort was introduced to the subject using an interactive e-book. Students taught using the interactive e-book obtained higher scores than those taught using the traditional method, on average, across assessment categories. Final exam scores were markedly higher in the e-book cohort compared to the lecture-based cohort. However, there were no differences in quiz ratings between groups. In conclusion, students using the interactive e-book had greater insight of the content than students in the traditional lecture group, as measured by their scores on multiple-choice question assessments.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3138/jvme-2021-0139


Quality of recovery in patients administered remimazolam versus those administered an inhalant agent for the maintenance of general anesthesia: a randomized control trial

Remimazolam is a powerful component of health care quality, but no published randomized control trial has been conducted on the quality of recovery in patients undergoing total intravenous anesthesia. Methods This parallel-group, single-blind random control trial at a tertiary care medical center in South Korea was conducted to determine the difference in the quality of recovery between patients treated remimazolam and those treated with an inhalant anesthetic agent. On postoperative day 1 versus the QoR-40 average on the day before surgery, the main outcome measure was the decrement of the QoR-40 score, relative to the QoR-40 average. The administration of remimazolam resulted in a 7. 03-point less decrement of the QoR-40 score than desflurane after adjusting for sex, the type of surgery, and surgical time. Conclusions Conclusion: Patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery with remimazolam provide a more effective recovery rate than anesthesia containing an inhalant drug.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12871-022-01770-x


Adolescent Inhalant Abuse Results in Adrenal Dysfunction and a Hypermetabolic Phenotype with Persistent Growth Impairments

Background/Aims: Abuse of toluene products occurs primarily during childhood and has been linked to appetite suppression and weight loss. Adolescent male Wistar rats were exposed to inhaled toluene or air for 1 h/day, 3 days/week, followed by four weeks of abstinence. To distinguish the immediate effects of toluene from under-nutrition, twenty air rats were pair-fed to the toluene group. Using adrenal histology and hormone testing, Adrenal function was determined. Inhalant use suppressed appetite and raised energy expenditures, which led to an increase in energy expenditure. Toluene-exposed rats had low fasting blood glucose and insulin levels in comparison to the air and pair-fed groups after exposure. Despite normal basal corticosterone levels, in the toluent-exposed rats, consistent with adrenal insufficiency, adrenal hypertrophy, and elevated basal adrenocortic hormone were present in the toluene-exposed rats. We conclude that adrenal insufficiency contributes to the negative energy balance phenotype, potentially posing a significant health risk to inhalant users.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1159/000493686

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions