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IRMA - PubMed

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Last Updated: 07 August 2022

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The Impact of Natural Disasters on Maternal Health: Hurricanes Irma and María in Puerto Rico.

In Puerto Rico, the PROTECT research center, part of the NIH's National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Superfund Research Program, was established in 2010 to investigate the effects of pollution exposure on Puerto Rico's high rate of premature births. Pregnant and postpartum women are particularly vulnerable to natural disasters. They have a difficult time finding high-quality pre- and post-natal care, are more vulnerable to miscarriage, premature birth, and giving birth to low birth weight babies during and after disasters, which are also more likely to suffer physical and mental health problems than the general population during and after disasters. A face-to-face questionnaire was sent to PROTECT participants who were pregnant during hurricane Irma or Maria or who became pregnant shortly after in order to determine hurricane-related stress and other adverse effects. This paper is based on the responses to the open-ended question at the end of the questionnaire, where respondents were asked to share their experiences during and after the hurricanes. 76 responses to the open-ended question were considered a result of data suffuff, among the 375 respondents who completed the survey. The findings reveal how the disruption in access to basic services has a unique effect on pregnant and post-partum women in an emergency situation. These findings point to the possibility of establishing specific protocols for emergency preparedness aimed at this population, which can notify healthcare providers and community agencies in the event of future emergencies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/children9070940


Assessment of an evacuation shelter program for people with access and functional needs in Monroe County, Florida during Hurricane Irma.

During Hurricane Irma in 2017, in Monroe County, Florida, this case study provides an evaluation framework to determine the triggering and constraining factors that influenced the emergency response, establishment, and management of a Special Needs Shelter Program. The Monroe County Special Needs Shelter Program's qualitative evaluation of four key response functions: alerts and evacuation, and sheltering, as well as interagency coordination was used to determine four key emergency response services: alerts and communications, evacuation and transportation, sheltering, and coordination.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2022.115108


Socioeconomic Vulnerabilities and Housing Reconstruction in Puerto Rico After Hurricanes Irma and Maria.

In 2017, Hurricanes Irma and Maria caused widespread destruction in Puerto Rico. Due to the inherent ambiguities in informal housing and its perceived effects, it is important to identify households that may be more likely to engage in informal reconstruction, encourage and encourage safe building practices, and access to resources. According to findings, socioeconomic uncertainties play a compounding way that influences household decisions to use informal reconstruction; specifically, a compounding effect exists in the absence of ownership documents and unemployment; in particular, a compounding problem exists. This research will help housing recovery services to identify households that are more likely to engage in informal housing rebuilding and ensure they receive the right assistance and resources to ensure safe recovery.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-021-05027-7

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions