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IRMA - Crossref

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Last Updated: 07 August 2022

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The Tampa Bay Coastal Ocean Model Performance for Hurricane Irma

Abstract The Tampa Bay response to Hurricane Irma in September 2017 is analyzed using a combination of in situ observations and numerical model simulations. Model Simulations by the Tampa Bay Coastal Ocean Model - which scales from the continental shelf to the estuary by nesting the unstructured grid, Finite-Volume, primitive equation Community Ocean Model in the West Florida Coastal Ocean Model, which in turn downscales from the deep ocean across the continental shelf by nesting FVCOM in the Gulf of Mexico Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model. The hindcast sea level simulation very closely matches the observations after adjusting for the difference between the winds recorded and those that were forecast. These findings show that a large exchange of water occurred between Tampa Bay and the adjacent continental shelf as the storm passed by the region.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4031/mtsj.52.3.6


Evaluation of Satellite-Derived SST Products in Identifying the Rapid Temperature Drop on the West Florida Shelf Associated With Hurricane Irma

SST products at the 25-meter depth, where SST dropped by about 1 u00b0C after the hurricane passage, and the moored results match well with the moored data. However, most of the SST drops were not visible at the 50-meter depth where the surface water was cooled by about 4°C within 1 day in reaction to the hurricane passage.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4031/mtsj.52.3.7


Convectively-Generated Negative Potential Vorticity Enhancing the Jet Stream Though an Inverse Energy Cascade During the Extratropical Transition of Hurricane Irma

Consequently, this report seeks to investigate the role that deep, moist convection in a precursor rain event north of the TC played in influencing the midlatitude waveguide and possibly downstream evolution. On a precursor rain event that leads to the emergence of North Atlantic TC Irma with the midlatitude waveguide in September 2017, a convection-allowing numerical simulation is carried out. Extreme convective-scale potential vorticity dipoles aligned perpendicular to the vertical wind shear vector's horizontal wind shear vector have appeared in a granular gradient in microphysical heating, with the negative anomaly poleward of the large-scale southwesterly vertical wind shear vector. Multiple hours after forming, regions of persistently negative potential vorticity persist for several hours after being deformed by the large-scale strain field that is aligned parallel to the background vertical wind shear vector.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-22-0094.1


Disruptions in Oncology Care Confronted by Patients with Gynecologic Cancer Following Hurricanes Irma and Maria in Puerto Rico

Following these storms, this research examined the stressors and experiences of patients with gynecologic cancer receiving oncology care in PR. Methods We conducted four focus groups among women aged u226521 years from PR who were diagnosed with gynecological cancer between September 2016 and September 2018, respectively. This report provides firsthand reports of the disruptions in oncology care and the resiliency of women with gynecologic cancer following hurricanes Irma and Maria. Our results show that oncology care must be integrated into community, health services, and government agencies' efforts to provide timely and emergency treatment for cancer patients during and after disasters such as hurricanes.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/10732748221114691


A new generation IRMA for ACTH with improved specificity: validation in various physiological and pathological conditions

A new generation of ACTH IRMA was created to enhance ACTH recognition by using antibodies directed toward succinylated ACTH. DESIGN: The usefulness of this assay was similar to that of another commercially available ACTH IRMA assay in different pathophysiological conditions: patients with low ACTH plasma levels, elevated ACTH plasma levels in normal or tumorous pituitaries, or ectopic ACTH syndrome, assay using intact ACTH in various pathophysiological conditions: pregnant women with elevated proopiomelanocortin plasma measurements. Except for extremely high ACTH plasma values and in several tumors where the sACTH IRMA showed lower results, a good relationship between the two assays was found; in some cases, the presence of circulating CLIP, as shown by HPLC studies, may have contributed to this discrepancy. These results reveal that the sACTH IRMA has improved properties of specificity and usefulness for rapid evaluation of ACTH plasma levels.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1530/eje.0.1440369


The Impact of Natural Disasters on Maternal Health: Hurricanes Irma and María in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico's high rate of premature births was the product of pollution exposure on the NIH's National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Superfund Research Program's high rate of premature births. Pregnant and postpartum women are particularly vulnerable to natural disasters. A face-to-face questionnaire was sent to PROTECT participants who were pregnant during hurricanes Irma or Maria or who became pregnant shortly after in order to identify hurricane-related stress and other adverse effects. Participants were encouraged to share their experiences during and after the hurricanes, according to this paper, which is based on the responses to the open-ended question at the end of the questionnaire. Due to data availability, 76 responses to the open-ended question were rejected out of 375 respondents who completed the survey. The transcribed text was first developed to identify emerging categories and then coded to identify common themes, as well as participant divergence. The results show how the disruption in access to basic services has a peculiar effect on pregnant and post-partum women in an emergency situation. These results show that developing specific protocols designed for emergency response planning aimed at this population may be able to protect healthcare providers and community organizations in the case of future crises.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/children9070940


Public health branch incident management and support as part of the Federal Government response during the emergency phase of Hurricanes Irma and Maria in Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands

Hurricanes Irma and Maria made landfall in the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico on September 6, 2017, with catastrophic impacts on September 6 and 20, 2017. A public health branch was established to coordinate a variety of public health response activities in support of the affected territories due to increased demands for more expertise and funding.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.0631


Restoration versus transformative adaptation of community drinking water systems after Hurricanes Irma and Maria in Puerto Rico

Hurricane Irma and Maria made landfall in Puerto Rico in September 2017, exposing the increased vulnerability of the island's Critical Infrastructure Systems and Processes and putting the endurance of some of the island's most impoverished communities to the test. The Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority's central drinking water scheme, which operated by the island's centralized drinking water system, caused significant disruption, losing over 200,000 people off-grid for months. Being one of these CRISPs, the islandu2019s centralized drinking water system operated by the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority suffered significant damage, leaving over 200,000 people off-grid for months. Communities that helped with the recovery of their infrastructure are being consulted by the following interviews: Finally, we investigated governance reforms that increased stakeholder involvement, including community aqueducts representatives in decision-making and policy making. Within the first 3 weeks, we also evaluated water systems that had operational issues.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.0590

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions