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Hepatitis B - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 11 June 2022

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A survey of knowledge, attitudes, barriers and support needs in providing hepatitis B care among GPs practising in Australia

Background "Abstract Background In Australia, only 22% of people with chronic hepatitis B are medically treated, and a national initiative is involving the primary care staff in providing CHB-related services. Respondents had a high level of awareness of at-risk populations and hepatitis B serology, and the majority saw hepatitis B testing and monitoring as part of their jobs, according to the majority. However, the survey showed poor understanding, knowledge, and intention with regard to hepatitis B treatment: 30% were aware that CHB care could be dissatisfied in the community; 23% were concerned that prescribing was part of their jobs; 23% knew that antibiotic therapy was part of their job.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-022-01754-3


Serum O-glycosylated hepatitis B surface antigen levels in patients with chronic hepatitis B during nucleos(t)ide analog therapy

"Abstract Background Serum hepatitis B virus virions and non-infectious subviral particles are present in the product, according to Serum hepatitis B virus virions and non-infectious subviral particles. This review was designed to determine serum O-glycosylated HBsAg levels in patients with chronic hepatitis B treated with nucleoside analogs. In patients with undetectable HBV DNA, there was no correlation between the O-glycosylated HBsAg level and the HBsAg or HBcrAg level. In the O-glycosylated HBsAg-binding serum fraction, HBV DNA and RNA were found, according to HBV DNA and RNA, and the proportion of HBV RNA increased during NA therapy. Conclusion During NA therapy, O-glycosylated HBsAg levels change and may represent combined serum HBV DNA and RNA virions. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12876-022-02352-4


The unvirtuous cycle of discrimination affecting people with hepatitis B: a multi-country qualitative assessment of key-informant perspectives

Background: "Abstract Background" An estimated 296 million people live with chronic hepatitis B worldwide, most have not been diagnosed and remain vulnerable to liver disease and cancer. People with hepatitis B often face discrimination that denies them employment or education, which includes unfair treatment at work or in school, restricts their ability to migrate to certain countries, and in some instances, prohibits them from serving in the military. Participants were encouraged to comment on their experience and any challenges faced by people living with hepatitis B including marginalization and its u2019 consequences, using a semi-structured guide. Participants also discussed the significant effects of hepatitis B discrimination across several nations, as well as military exclusion or removal if individuals are found to have hepatitis B. Conclusion Our results show that hepatitis B discrimination has a major effect," says the author.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-022-01677-6


Photodynamic Therapy in Combination with the Hepatitis B Core Virus-like Particles (HBc VLPs) to Prime Anticancer Immunity for Colorectal Cancer Treatment

"We have found that when exposed to laser irradiation in vitro, the second-generation photosensitizer FOSCAN can be internalized by tumor cells and effectively cause tumor cell death. " In addition, these dying tumor cells can be phagocytosed by dendritic cells, resulting in cell proliferation and maturation as observed by in vitro co-culture models. Although PDT promotes immunogenic tumor cell apoptosis, the use of tumor-based tumor cells in deep tissues and advanced malignancies has been limited. We show that hepatitis B core virus-like particles can act as a vaccine to raise PDT-induced anti-cancer immunity by priming humoral immune responses and inducing CD8+ T cell responses in this study. PDT-infused PDT and HBc VLPs increased the survival rate of MC-38 tumor-bearing mice to 55%, relative to 33% in PDT alone and no tumor-free mice in vaccine alone.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers14112724


Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis: Comparison of the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Antiviral-Naive Chronic Hepatitis B Patients Treated with Entecavir versus Tenofovir: The Devil in the Detail

"Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and entecavir are the two most commonly used anti-viral drugs used as first-line treatments for chronic hepatitis B. " In CHB, we undertook this meta-analysis to determine the safety of an anti-viral drug in CHB's HCC prevention. Using MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases until August 2021, two investigators independently searched all relevant studies that examined the effectiveness of an anti-viral agent for preventing HCC. Although there was substantial heterogeneity in the studies, overall pooled HR showed that TDF significantly reduced the risk of HCC. In a subgroup analysis, an interval of more than three years in the beginning of patient recruitment and excluding alcoholic liver disease patients significantly reduced the TDF risk associated with TDF. TDF may be more effective than TV at lowering HCC incidence in treatment-naive CHB patients, but this effect was not present in the PS-matched subpopulation that reduced heterogeneity. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers14112617


Hepatitis B, C, and D Virus Infections and AFP Tumor Marker Prevalence Among the Elderly Population in Mongolia: A Nationwide Survey

"We wanted to find out the seropreval of hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-HCV, alpha-fetoprotein, and dual and triple hepatitis virus infections in Mongolia. " Females and participants with a lower education level, rural residence, older age, and a history of blood transfusion were all significantly higher in females and participants with a lower education level, a senior education degree, and a history of blood transfusion. In 120 participants and HCV, and HDV triple infection, 67 people were found in 120 participants, as well as HBV and HCV co-infection. According to the studies, elevated AFP was 2. 7 percent, 5. 55 percent, and 2. 6% higher in participants who were seropositive for HBsAg, anti-HCV, and anti-HDV. HBV and HCV, HBV, and HDV were all present in participants co-infected with HBV and HCV, HBV, and HDV, and HDV, and HDV, and triple-infected with HBV, HCV, and HDV, than in uninfected individuals. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.573


Perceived Supportive Care Needs of Adolescents With Chronic Hepatitis B in a Resource-limited Setting

"Adolescents in Ghana are particularly affected by hepatitis B" "Abdo, B. E. "Menoorb's hepatitis B. This exploratory qualitative research was done to investigate the supporting care needs of 18 adolescents with chronic hepatitis B who were receiving medical attention at a tertiary hospital in Ghana. The data were processed using QSR Nvivo version 11. 0 and analyzed using the Braun and Clarke procedure for thematic data analysis. According to the results, adolescents with chronic hepatitis B have unmet support needs ranging from education to financial requirements, psychological assistance, and social assistance. Adults with hepatitis B are also required to receive pretest and posttest assistance. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/23743735221106596


Prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections and immunity among hemodialysis patients in the Mazandaran province, Northern Iran

Health officials determine infected patients by testing and vaccination in order to avoid viral hepatitis and confront with the virus on the next step. " In HD patients in Mazandaran, Iran, this research is intended to determine the incidence of Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus infections in HD patients. Methods: In this cross-sectional analysis conducted between 2019 and 2020, the medical records of 216 patients referred to the hemodialysis centers were evaluated. It was discovered that 13 patients from 34 patients with negative HBs-Ag experienced a sudden decrease in the antibody titration to less than 10 U. In the second stage, antibody titration of five patients with HBs-Ab more than 100 U was reduced to less than 10 U. HCV and HBV infection in HD patients in Mazandaran province were low.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1261_21


Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis presenting in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus and reactivated Hepatitis B infection

"Hemophagocytosis is a rare medical disorder of abnormal immune activation that can occur at any age and is often associated with other conditions of increased or impaired immune response such as malignancy, infection, autoimmunity, or immunodeficiency. " HLH is a form of hepatitis B infection that has not been detected before, and to our knowledge, has only been confirmed once before. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2022.e01465


Health care workers and Hepatitis B prevention: Perceptions and practices in a tertiary care hospital in coastal Karnataka

"Background: Hepatitis B Virus infections are a common global health problem that affects around 10% of the world's population. " Around 40% of HBV infections in India are seen among healthcare workers and are attributed to percutaneous occupational exposures. In the context of this review, the present report explored the prevalence, attitude, and practices towards Hepatitis B infection transmission and prevention among the Health Care Workers in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Using SPSS version 15. 0, information related to HCWs' perceptions and practices against Hepatitis B infection was collected and analyzed. Conclusions: On the whole, the participants had solid information about hepatitis B transmission and prevention. Conclusions: There seems to be a lack of safety workplace policies among the housekeeping employees and certain paramedical services, which warrants periodic training and monitoring. Establishing a safe workplace monitoring unit within the hospital may be a step forward.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cegh.2022.101082

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions