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Heart Failure - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 19 June 2022

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Correlation between Heart Failure with N-Terminal-Pro-B Type Natriuretic Peptide and Cardiothoracic Ratio from Chest Radiograph in Pediatric Heart Disease

" Objective: The goal of this research study is to determine the correlation between the symptom of heart failure and standard examinations; N-Terminal-Pro-B Type Natriuretic Peptide and cardiothoracic ratio from upper body radiograph in pediatric heart problem. The cardiac arrest were categorized based on the Ross classification into 2 groups, non-heart failure and heart failure. The mean NT-proBNP degree was 1,054 pg/ml and a mean CT proportion was 58. 6% in heart failure group. There was a substantially positive relationship between heart failure symptoms and the level of NT-proBNP and CT proportion. In this study, the cut-off value of NT-proBNP for heart failure was greater than 400 pg/ml and CT ratio greater than 55%. Final thought: In pediatric heart diseases, there are solid positive correlations between heart failure with both NT-proBNP and CT ratio. ".

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/d5990cc4c196411191fae19acaa1de90


Investigation into the protective effects of hypaconitine and glycyrrhetinic acid against chronic heart failure of the rats

" Abstract Background The present study aimed to determine the safety effects of hypaconitine and glycyrrhetinic acid versus persistent heart failure in the rats and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. The protein expression of fibroblast growth aspect 2, vascular endothelial growth factor A and endothelial nitric oxide synthase in the rat ventricular tissues was determined by immunohistochemistry. Outcomes After used the HA + GA, the cardiac tissue and structure were obviously improved, and the HA + GA therapy also substantially minimized the plasma levels of TCHO and TG in the CHF rats. Conclusions In conclusion, HA + GA showed protective results on CHF in the rats, and the HA + GA might apply protective results by lowering lipid levels, up-regulating the expression of FGF2 and VEGFA proteins, undermining eNOS protein expression, and regulating metabolic pathways. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-022-03632-y


Effects of sacubitril/valsartan on glycemia in patients with diabetes and heart failure: the PARAGON-HF and PARADIGM-HF trials

" Abstract Background Compared with enalapril, sacubitril/valsartan reduced HbA1c and minimized new insulin therapy in patients with heart failure with lowered ejection fraction and diabetes in the PARADIGM-HF test. We looked for to assess the glycemic impacts of sacubitril/valsartan in heart failure with maintained ejection fraction and diabetes, and throughout the spectrum of left ventricular ejection portion in heart failure and diabetes. Approaches We contrasted the result of sacubitril/valsartan, relative to valsartan, on HbA1c, new insulin therapy and hypoglycemia in the randomized regulated trial PARAGON-HF, and done pooled evaluations of PARAGON-HF and PARADIGM-HF. Outcomes Among 2395 patients with HFpEF and diabetes in PARAGON-HF, sacubitril/valsartan compared to valsartan minimized HbA1c. Conclusions Sacubitril/valsartan minimized HbA1c and new insulin therapy in patients with heart failure and diabetes across the spectrum of LVEF yet might be linked with a slightly higher risk for hypoglycemia. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12933-022-01545-1


Progressive right ventricular dysfunction and exercise impairment in patients with heart failure and diabetes mellitus: insights from the T.O.S.CA. Registry

" Registry just recently reported that patients with concomitant chronic heart failure and impairment of insulin axis display increased morbidity and death. Methods Patients registered in the T. O. S. CA. Impairment in peak oxygen consumption in TD2 vs EU and IR patients was videotaped. Conclusion The higher risk of fatality and curriculum vitae hospital stays showed by HF-T2D patients in the T. O. S. CA. Registry is related to progressive motor home ventricular disorder and exercise impairment when compared to euglycemic CHF patients, supporting the essential importance of hyperglycaemia and right chambers in HF diagnosis. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12933-022-01543-3


Rationale and design of interleukin-1 blockade in recently decompensated heart failure (REDHART2): a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, single center, phase 2 study

" Abstract Background Heart failure is a global leading cause of mortality regardless of application of standard guided therapy which calls for a requirement for unique treatment techniques. Proof-of-concept professional tests of anakinra, a recombinant human Interleukin-1 receptor villain, have shown promising results in patients with HF. One hundred and two adult patients hospitalized within 2 weeks of discharge due to severe decompensated HF with lowered ejection portion and systemic inflammation will be randomized in 2:1 proportion to receive anakinra or sugar pill for 24 weeks. The primary goal is to identify the effect of anakinra on top oxygen usage gauged at cardiopulmonary workout screening after 24 weeks of therapy, with placebo-corrected changes in peak VO2 at CPX after 24 weeks. Conversation The present test will assess the results of IL-1 clog with anakinra for 24 weeks on cardiorespiratory health and fitness in patients with current a hospital stay due to severe decompensated HFrEF. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-022-03466-9


Adherence to self-care recommendations and associated factors among adult heart failure patients in public hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2021: cross-sectional study

"Abstract Background Adherence to self-care recommendations in heart failure patients is important to improve the patients \ u2019 quality of life, avoid medical facility admission, and decrease mortality and morbidity. The Revised HF Compliance Questionnaire was used to measure the adherence to self-care recommendations of HF patients. Results Adherence to self-care suggestions among adult HF patients in public hospitals, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia was 32. 70%. Being female, patients who had high family monthly earnings, NYHA course III and course IV, that had excellent self-efficacy, and who had great knowledge about HF were more probable to have excellent adherence to self-care referrals, p-value < 0. 05. Verdict This research study exposed that 32. 70% of adult HF patients had good adherence to self-care suggestions. Elements connected with adherence to self-care suggestions of adult HF patients are sex, family month-to-month income, NYHA classification, self-efficacy, and understanding about HF. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12872-022-02717-3


Aortic Pulsatility Index: A New Haemodynamic Measure with Prognostic Value in Advanced Heart Failure

" Methods: A single-centre research on 453 HF patients referred for right heart catheterisation. Results: Log associated considerably with central venous pressure and cardiac index in univariable regression evaluation. CVP continued to be related to log in a multivariable evaluation including heart index, heart rate, log, LVEF, New York Heart Association class III or IV and sex. In univariable Cox models, log was a substantial forecaster of liberty from the consolidated endpoint of death, left ventricular aid gadget implantation, complete artificial heart implantation or heart transplantation and all-cause mortality. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.15420/cfr.2022.09


Medical Treatment of Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction in the Elderly

" The aging population, higher concern of predisposing conditions and comorbidities along with improvements in therapy all contribute to the growing prevalence of heart failure. The bulk of trials have not shown age-dependent heterogeneity in the efficiency or safety and security of clinical treatment for HF, the latest tests demonstrate that older participants are less likely to receive well-known drug therapies for HF with reduced ejection portion. Future research ought to provide a more granular analysis on how to approach medical and device therapies in senior patients, with factor to consider of biological distinctions, difficulties in care distribution and problems pertinent to patients \ u2019 worths and viewpoints. These consist of broader depiction of senior HF patients in scientific trials, improved education of healthcare experts, broader stipulation of specialist centres for multidisciplinary HF management and stronger execution of HF clinical treatment in prone patient groups. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.15420/cfr.2021.14


Evidence-based Therapy in Older Patients with Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction

" Older patients are ending up being widespread among people with heart failure as the general population ages. Nonetheless, older patients are mostly under-represented, and even omitted, from randomised controlled trials on HF with decreased ejection portion, restricting the generalisability of trial causes the real world and leading to weak proof supporting the use and titration of guideline-directed clinical therapy in older patients with HF with lowered ejection portion. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.15420/cfr.2021.34


Clinical Utility of HeartLogic, a Multiparametric Telemonitoring System, in Heart Failure

" Although HeartLogic has demonstrated high level of sensitivity for the discovery of heart failure decompensations, its effects on hospitalisation and mortality in randomised professional tests has not yet been substantiated. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.15420/cfr.2021.35

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions