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In 3995 community-dwelling Chinese men and women aged 65 years or older in Hong Kong, this research examined the correlation of dietary inflammatory index score with musculoskeletal measurements and related disease risk. Each tertile increase in DIII score in men was associated with a 0. 37 kg decline in grip strength and 0. 02 m/s decrease in gait speed over four years, despite multiple upgrades. DII scores in women were not significantly related to any muscle-related or incidence of fracture, nor was there any significant relationship between higher DII score and risk of osteoporosis at year 14, with the highest tertile of DII scores having adjusted OR of 1. 90. Pro-inflammatory diets had no significant correlation with muscle-related outcomes, but they did have a longer-term risk of osteoporosis in older Chinese women, which was elevated.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is defined as the abnormal accumulation of triglycerides in the liver. Both the prevention and treatment of NAFLD are important, because diet plays a vital role. Therefore, the aim of this literature review is to determine the correlations between diet, lifestyle, and other risk factors influencing NAFLD risk factors. Diet plays a role in the development of NAFLD; a western diet or merely a high-fat diet may contribute to the nafiltration of NAFLD and the transition to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis in later stages. On the other hand, the Mediterranean diet is the gold standard for both diagnosis and prevention of NAFLD. Both psychological factors, such as smoking, caffeine intake, and physical fitness all play a role in NAFLD pathophysiology. Randomized control trials are now required to verify findings in observational studies.
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