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In both the middle-aged and elderly participants in the PREDIMED study, we wanted to see if adherence to the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular risk factor were similar. During a 3-year follow-up, we analyzed participants from the first and fourth quartiles of age to compare between-group differences in diet and cardiovascular risk factor control. Mean ages were 59. 6 2. 1 years in Q1 and 74. 2 2. 6 years in Q4, at baseline, and 74. 2 2. 6 years in Q4. In Q1 and Q4 participants, the participants's blood pressure, low density–lipoprotein cholesterol, and body mass were similarly reduced at 3 years. Conclusion After three years of intervention, the youngest and oldest participants demonstrated improved dietary habits and CRFs to a similar extent. Also in older people of advanced age, it is never too late to change diet habits and reduce CRF in high-risk individuals. Registration is confirmed in the London-based Current Controlled Trials Registry.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-021-02741-7
Purpose: Objective: Over two-year follow-up in people with type 2 diabetes, we're looking at whether following the Dutch Healthy Diet index 2015 is correlated with changes in glycemic control and cardio-metabolic parameters. Methods This prospective cohort study included 1202 people with T2D from the Diabetes Care System cohort, as well as 1202 others with T2D from the Diabetes Care System cohort. HbA1c's change was not associated with the change in the DHD15-index, according to the lowest adherence [>>T3vsT1: 0. 65 mol/mol, P _trend = 0. 44]. A decline in BMI [ 0. 41 kg/m2 (P 0. 001 — trend 0. 001] was correlated with a decrease in BMI [>>> 0. 05], but not with blood lipids, blood pressure, or kidney function. Conclusion In this well-controlled population of people with T2D, adhetion to the DHD15-index was correlated with a decrease in BMI, but not with changes in glycemic control or other cardio-metabolic variables.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-022-02847-6
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