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Healthy Diet - Crossref

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Last Updated: 11 May 2022

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Physical Activity and Healthy Diet in Patients with Familial Hypercholesterolaemia

Patients with Familial Hypercholesterolaemia are characterized by vigorous physical fitness and eating a balanced diet. This report sought to explore the prevalence of physical fitness and a healthy diet as well as their contributing factors. FH patients diagnosed using Dutch Lipid Clinic Network criteria were given validated questionnaires to determine sociodemography, disease prevalence, the adoption of physical fitness and healthier eating habits, the use of physical fitness and healthy eating habits, emotional support, and level of barrier. The findings may help inform the treatment of patients with FH's lifestyle change. E-International Publishing House Ltd. , Ltd. , United Kingdom, is a UK company that publishes AMER ABRA cE-Bs.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.21834/jabs.v5i17.374


Portuguese Mediterranean Diet as a Future Trend for Healthy and Sustainable Restaurant Consumption

This chapter will explore the possibility of promoting the Mediterranean diet as a solution to food habits in the post-COVID-19 era. It will investigate the future trends of Mediterranean diet concept use, specifically focusing on food industry/distribution and tourism as an inspiration to encourage more healthy and sustainable consumption in Portuguese restaurants.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-9148-2.ch005


PGC-1α Methylation, miR-23a, and miR-30e Expression as Biomarkers for Exercise- and Diet-Induced Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Capillary Blood from Healthy Individuals: A Single-Arm Intervention

Exercise has been suggested as the best way to keep mitochondria during aging, but strength training has also been identified as vital to health and healthy aging. We therefore investigated the effects of concurrent exercise training and dietary habits on epigenetic pathways involved in mitochondrial function and biogenesis. We analyzed epigenetic biomarkers that specifically target mitochondrial biogenesis, PGC-1, and mtDNA samples. Before and during the investigation, dried blood spot samples and data on eating habits, lifestyle, and body composition were obtained. MiR-23a, miR-30e expression, and mtDNA samples were analyzed using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. Our findings show that concurrent training may improve mitochondrial biogenesis and functions by altering the epigenetic code. These changes can also be found outside of the skeletal muscle and could also have an effect on athletic performance.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/sports10050073


A Fatty Diet Induces a Jejunal Ketogenesis Which Inhibits Local SGLT1-Based Glucose Transport via an Acetylation Mechanism—Results from a Randomized Cross-Over Study between Iso-Caloric High-Fat versus High-Carbohydrate Diets in Healthy Volunteers

Insights into the nature of gut adaptation following various diets have helped to improve the understanding of how diet changes can be used to treat type 2 diabetes and obesity. Methods: Fifteen healthy participants were released, in random order and a crossover study concept, two weeks of iso-caloric high-fat diet and high-carbohydrate diet, in a randomised order, two weeks of iso-caloric high-fat diet, and a crossover study design. Following each dietary intake, jejunal mucosa samples were collected and tested for protein expression by immunofluorescence and western blotting. In vitro in Caco-2 and human jejunal enteroid monolayer cultures, the research of SGLT1 by histone acetylation was investigated in vitro. Results: HFD, relative to HCD, reduced jejunal Ussing chamber epithelial glucose transport and the expression of apical transporters for glucose and fructose, as well as increased expression of the basolateral glucose transporter GLUT2, while HFD's expression increased. At lysine 9, HFD also increased protein synthesis of the ketogenesis rate-limiting enzyme mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase and reduced acetylation of histone 3 and decreased histone 3 acetylation at lysine 9.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091961


A healthy Diet rich in Carotenoids is effective in Maintaining normal Blood Carotenoid Levels during the Daily use of Plant Sterol-enriched Spreads

Blood cholesterol levels are affected by diet, especially by the type and amount of fat intake. Vegetable oil spreads that contain plant sterols/stanols have been available in recent years. Several clinical trials on spreads containing added plant sterols/stanols have shown that they have much higher cholesterol-lowering properties than conventional vegetable oil spreads. Plant sterols reduce both dietary and biliary cholesterol absorption in the small intestine, resulting in an increase in cholesterol excretion in the small intestine. Plant sterols/stanols could influence plasma carotenoid levels, and in addition, what number of fruits and vegetables would be required to raise plasma carotenoid levels? The current mini-review discusses the cholesterol-lowering effects of plant sterols, their mechanisms of action, and consequences on blood carotenoids, as well as the potential heath benefits of daily intake of plant sterol-enriched spreads.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831.72.1.32

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions