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Health Care - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 11 August 2022

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Effectiveness of oral health promotion interventions for people with type 2 diabetes delivered by non-dental health care professionals: a systematic review.

A common public health issue is oral health problems among diabetics with diabetes mellitus. Despite growing complaints of oral hygiene and diabetes mellitus comorbidity, dentists and dentists' lack of dental health care professionals to fix this issue, especially at the primary care level in low- and middle-income countries. This research synthesizes the current evidence in terms of the participation of non-dental health care professionals in promoting oral health among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus and assessing the effectiveness of such services. Non-dental health care professionals, according to this report, have a promising role in promoting oral health among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our results support the possibility of integrating oral health promotion services in primary health care, as such services may have improved oral health and diabetes mellitus outcomes.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35946304


Pediatic code blue event anaylsis: Performance of non-acute health-care providers.

Patients who did not recover after cardiopulmonary arrest are unlikely to recover following cardiopulmonary arrest, so it is vital that health-care professionals respond appropriately to declining patients. Our research explored the effectiveness of basic life support skills using non-acute HCPs in pediatric inpatient resuscitation activities. We performed a retrospective chart review of all code blue team activations in non-acute care settings of a tertiary care children's hospital from 2008 to 2017. The key findings were frequency of life support algorithmic examinations and interventions by non-acute HCPs prior to the arrival of CBT. A total of 60 CBT activations were retrieved, 48 of which had reports on isolated non-acute HCP results, 48 of which had data on isolated non-acute HCP performance. Our results show that resuscitation results of pediatric inpatient non-acute HCPs often does not comply with current life support guidelines.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35912470


Diabetes self-management: a qualitative study on challenges and solutions from the perspective of South African patients and health care providers.

Background Health education and self-management are two primary methods for preventing diabetes and hypertension to reduce morbidity and mortality by managing diabetes and hypertension. Inappropriate self-management services can potentially exacerbate persistent health problems if appropriate barriers are not identified and self-management techniques are not developed. Patients with type-2- diabetes and or hypertension who are undergoing chronic illness care from two health clinics in a peri-urban township in Cape Town, South Africa, were followed by four focus groups. Patients were challenged with all three self-management skills of behavioural/medical control, role control, and emotional administration. Patients suggested that patients receive dedicated multidisciplinary diabetes assistance, counselling services, increased family involvement, patient education, and advocacy were all among the recommendations for improving their disease self-management. To enhance patient self-management, a multidisciplinary team, chronic disease management, patient-driven initiatives, and advocacy are all required.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35856773


Series: Practical guidance to qualitative research. Part 6: Longitudinal qualitative and mixed-methods approaches for longitudinal and complex health themes in primary care research.

This paper, the sixth in a series aimed at providing practical guidelines for qualitative research in primary care, introduces two methods for investigating longitudinal and multifaceted health problems in primary care research.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35593106


Parental perceptions and experiences of an oral health care promotion intervention for children with congenital heart defects.

Purpose of Congenital Heart Disease is one of the most common congenital abnormalities in children. Children with significant CHD are at risk of developing endocarditis. Acute endocarditis can cause heart disease and death, and can lead to heart failure. The aim of this research was to investigate parent perceptions and experiences of an early oral health promotion service aimed at children with significant CHD that are at risk of experiencing endocarditis later in life, and then use this data to determine intervention feasibility. Conclusion The OHPI was perceived as important and feasible to be implemented in daily life in children with systemic diseases in general, according to parents.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35549844


Coping with ill-health while lacking access to health care: Acceptability of health service provision in rural Malawi - a qualitative study.

Background In addition, large portions of Malawi's population lack access to health services. One area in Malawiu00b4s rural district Phalombe is in need of service delivery. Methods Following a qualitative approach, group interviews were conducted with community representatives of three rural villages in Phalombe. Provided insight into the experiences of health care professionals through semi-structured interviews and a group interview among management staff. Conclusions Community members viewed health care providers' behavior as disrespectful, resulting in power gaps between patients and providers. Providers cited community members' cultural attitudes and a lack of knowledge about health care as barriers to seeking formal services. Conclusions: Communities can be empowered by involving them in health care planning, facility administration, and raising concerns about health problems. In order to provide the necessary services, further funding must be allocated to Malawi's health care sector.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35532540


Rapid implementation of a medical student rotation in health systems operations and remote patient care in response to COVID-19.

Students were initially barred from clinical rotations at the start of COVID-19 for safety reasons, and health services needed personnel were also lacking medical staff, and medical services were initially recruited for medical services. We quickly launched an innovative 2-week rotation for medical students to participate in health system operations and care by remote efforts, including triage and resource allocation. Learners' jobs changed as the health care system evolved, as well as learners' jobs. Unique opportunities to educate students in new ways can be combined with health care and educational frameworks to fulfill both developmental and educational needs.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35509248


Vulnerability, loss, and coping experiences of health care workers and first responders during the covid-19 pandemic: a qualitative study.

This report was designed to 1 investigate and report health care workers and first responders dealing with COVID-19 infection, as well as 2 identify the support and strategies that were most helpful during their stay. Discussion and conclusion The findings reveal the need for immediate and immediate support for health care workers and first responders to minimize the risks of persistent and acute stress and vulnerability as they care for people with COVID-19 and their families.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35442177


Improved health status of severe COPD patients after being included in an integrated primary care service: A prospective cohort study.

Background Intuitive pulmonary disease is a common lung disease. Chronic patients will be seen in more specialist care centers, according to experts, but primary care primary care sufferers have a high incidence of severe COPD. Integrative primary care services incorporate data from many sources and advise from pulmonologists to provide general practitioners with the assistance needed to support diagnosis and treatment of patients with COPD. The primary care services over 12 months required an examination to determine patient-reported outcomes and costs of caring for patients classified as GOLD D in an integrated primary care program. Patients were included in this 1-year prospective cohort study if they met the 2014 GOLD D criteria, were aged u2265 40 years, and gave written informed permission for this research. Conclusion An integrated service for COPD based in primary care may raise the health status of patients with a significant burden of disease but not raising health care costs.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35410567


The impact of an intensive care unit admission on the health status of relatives of intensive care survivors: A prospective cohort study in primary care.

Relatives of intensive care unit survivors may suffer from several health signs after ICU admitted to the presence of their relative, also known as post-intensive care syndrome-family. Primary Care's Objectives: The goal was to investigate the health conditions of relatives of ICU survivors. Methods This is an exploratory prospective cohort study in which we gathered data from two hospitals and a primary care research network in the Netherlands. The number of new episodes of care for up to five years was the most significant result. Relatives of ICU patients had significantly more new care episodes than the reference group a year and two years since ICU's discharge, with ICU survivors having a lifetime that dates back to 1-2 years and 2-5 years. Conclusion Up to five years after the ICU's removal, relatives of chronically ill patients have more morbidity in primary care than relatives.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35388714

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions