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Health Care - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 11 August 2022

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Dermatoglyphics: A new diagnostic tool in detection of dental caries in children with special health-care needs

dermatoglyphics is the scientific investigation of dermal ridges on palmar and plantar surfaces of the hands and feet. Both primary and primary palates are formed during the 6th –u20137th week of intrauterine life; therefore, hereditary and environmental factors that cause changes in fingerprint patterns can also lead to dental anomalies. Conclusion: Dermatoglyphics may be a safe and early predictor of dental caries in special children, allowing them to initiate preventive oral health screening at an early age.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4103/ijpr.ijpr_34_17


The relevancy of massive health education in the Brazilian prison system: The course “health care for people deprived of freedom” and its impacts

Prison health is a public health emergency as it increases epidemic disease incidences, mainly sexually transmitted infections, in prison. paraphrasedoutput:MethodsThis cross-sectional research examined data from 8,118 ASPPL course participants and their effects on prison health. This research explored the benefits of widespread education with technological mediation, as well as its impacts on prison wellbeing. The data analyzed were obtained from six organizations, including: AVASUS, National Registry of Health Care Facilities, Brazilian Occupational Classification, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, and the Brazilian Ministry of Health, namely the Brazilian National Health System's Outpatient Information System. paraphrasedoutput:Conclusions: According to findings, an increase in syphilis diagnosis in correctional facilities has existed. The prison system epidemiological study shows an increase in syphilis diagnosis in correctional facilities.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.935389


Experiences and perceptions of people with a severe mental illness and health care professionals of a one-year group-based lifestyle programme (SMILE).

With the SMILE group-based lifestyle intervention, we were to clarify the experiences and perceptions of people with significant mental illness and their health care professionals. SMILE focuses on promoting a healthy diet, physical fitness, and weight loss. Purposive sampling was used to conduct a qualitative research with semi-structured interviews. Interviews were held with 15 customers and 13 health care professionals. Four overall themes were identified: desire in a lifestyle change; group-based setting; shifts in lifestyle habits; and strategies for changing health habits. HCPs were excited about the program and their interactions with lifestyle enhancements. Conclusions The findings of this research revealed that several aspects that were considered important in delivering a lifestyle intervention to people with SMI. SMI-related health-care professionals often recommend considering these aspects when implementing a lifestyle change in a mental health care facility for clients with SMI.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0271990


Online searches of children's oseltamivir in public primary and specialized care: Detecting influenza outbreaks in Finland using dedicated databases for health care professionals.

Introduction Health care professionals working in primary and specialized care often search for medical information from Internet sources. As dosage errors in prescribing drugs to children increase, physicians' demand for accurate medical information has grown in public health clinics and hospitals. The aim of this research was to compare searches for children's oseltamivir and influenza diagnoses in primary and specialty care, and to determine if the searches could aid in the detection of influenza outbreaks. Methods We compared results from the National Infectious Disease Register's (NI) B and B influenza vaccine oral suspension for influenza epidemics in children under the age of 7 years and laboratory findings of influenza A and B. Conclusion Health care professionals' quests for children's oseltamivir in online databases linked to the registers of children's influenza diagnoses in primary and specialty care. Hence, database searches should be used as supplement information in disease surveillance when finding influenza epidemics.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272040


Adherence to Covid-19 mitigation measures and its associated factors among health care workers at referral hospitals in Amhara regional state of Ethiopia.

This report was designed to determine the adherence of COVID-19 mitigation strategies and its associated health care workers. Methods A facility-based cross-sectional analysis was carried out among health care workers at referral hospitals in the Amhara region of Ethiopia from May 15 to June 10; 2021. Participants with a monthly income of u226512801birr were 15%, but the chances of adherence of participants who refuse to take the COVID 19 vaccine are 10% lower than those who do not hesitate. Participants who had undergone COVID-19 testing completed 6. 64 times more than their peers. Participants who suspect severe disease had a 56 percent higher rate than those who were afraid of severe disease. Participants suspected of COVID-19 diagnosis adherence were 5. 7 times higher than those not suspected. Conclusion In this report, a significant number of healthcare workers did not adhere to COVID-19 mitigation recommendations.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272570


Exploring Health Care Providers' Experiences of Providing Collaborative Palliative Care for Patients With Advanced Heart Failure At Home: A Qualitative Study

The HeartFull Collaborative is a regionally coordinated model of care that includes specialist palliative care and cardiology health care professionals in a joint, home-based palliative care strategy for patients with advanced heart failure. We analyzed the HCP views of obstacles and facilitators to providing coordinated palliative assistance to patients with AHF at home. Methods and Results We conducted a qualitative analysis of 17 HCPs who were involved in the HeartFull Collaborative from April 2013 to March 2020. Facilitators at two levels: individual HCP level and interpersonal level. Ongoing barriers were identified at two levels: individual HCP level and system level. Conclusions (including data from this study) The results show that a collaborative shared model of care delivery between palliative care and cardiology enhances knowledge exchange, collaboration, and communication between specialties, leading to more comprehensive patient care. Addressing persistent barriers will help improve care delivery.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.121.024628


A Framework for Pediatric Health Care Providers to Promote Active Play in Nature for Children

Aim: Time outside and experience with nature are both positively linked to a variety of children's health issues. Pediatricians are uniquely positioned to encourage active play in nature, but they may have trouble doing so during well child visits. The purpose of this report was to find barriers to children's APN before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as how health care facilities could promote APN. Methods: 14 pediatric specialists and interviews with 14 parents of children aged 3 to ten on public insurance were conducted. We contextualized this study within the WHO's Commission on Social Determinants of Health's conceptual framework. Many pre-pandemic barriers to APN were exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, which led to several pre-pandemic barriers to APN. Well-child visits can be a helpful way to investigate the benefits of APN during and beyond the pandemic, and there is a need for contextually appropriate pediatric services and families.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/21501319221114842


Health Care Providers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward Counterfeit Medicines in Mizan-Tepi University Teaching Hospital, South West Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

From December 2020 to January 2021, a cross-sectional analysis was conducted among health care professionals in Mizan-Tepi University Teaching Hospital. The majority of the study participants have information on counterfeit drugs, and 15. 8% of them identified counterfeit medicine as a drug with toxic impurities. Virtual observation of labeling, color appearance, and packaging revealed that counterfeit medicine could be identified by physical examination of labeling, color appearance, and packaging. Professional distribution was strongly linked to the change in health care professionals' attitudes towards counterfeit medications. Public health officers and midwifery health care professionals were more likely to have poor attitudes toward counterfeit medicine AOR = 6. 09, CI and respectively, as compared to nurses. This report revealed the importance of education for all health care providers. The development of a suitable program and policies to increase health professionals' knowledge and attitudes towards CFM must be played by drug control agencies and concerned agencies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/00469580221108335


Mapping accessibility to oral health care in coastal India – A geospatial approach using a geographic information system (GIS) [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]

Background: When planning for the expansion of oral health services, it's imperative to have an exhaustive review of the existing distribution of oral healthcare services and know potential accessibility. The present study, which sought to determine dental professionals' availability in Karnataka state, India, using a geographical information system, has been completed in the present study, which is an effort to determine geographic connectivity to oral health. Methods: For the research, data on public and private oral health centers were collected for the three coastal districts of Karnataka state, India, according to the researchers. Using Pearson's correlation coefficient, a comparison was drawn between the number of clinics with population and D:P with per capita income. There is only one dentist in four taluks for over a lakh people. Conclusions: From the study, oral health services were concentrated in areas of higher annual income per capita, greater urbanization, and population density.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.75708.2


Unpacking the design, implementation and uptake of community-integrated health care services: a critical realist synthesis

Introduction Community-integrated care initiatives are increasingly being used for social and health service delivery, as well as showing promising outcomes. Nevertheless, it is unknown what structures and underlining causal agents are accountable for determining how and why they work and why they work or not. Methods and analysis The study's critical realist philosophy of science led to its findings. Our evidence synthesis, the community health care system, and the patient-focused view of integrated care were guided by two lenses. Results: The following steps were carried out: Concept mining and framework development, reviewing and analyzing the results, analysis and synthesis were all carried out, along with three groups of stakeholders: concept mining and framework construction, concept mining and analysis of the narratives from causal explanatory theories, search for and reviewing the evidence, extracting and analyzing the evidence, and reporting the findings are presented.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2022-009129

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions