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Gender - PubMed

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Last Updated: 25 September 2022

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Childhood gender-typed behaviour, sexual orientation, childhood abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder: a prospective birth-cohort study.

The association of CGN and PTSD was explored by structural equation models, which determined whether abuse influenced the relationship between CGN and PTSD. At 23 years, Higher CGN at 30-months was associated with more PTSD symptoms than ever before. The sexual minority identification of the community was linked to higher CGN and abuse, as well as females, and PTSD symptoms. The connection between higher CGN at 30-months and PTSD symptoms in females was not strictly mediated by each abuse variable. After sexual orientation reform, self-reported sexual assault was no longer a significant mediator. And after sexual orientation adjustment, self-reported physical/psychological abuse notably mediated the relationship alone when it was first introduced alongside mother-reported violence. In conclusion, childhood gender inconformity in females can raise the risk of adult PTSD symptoms, which may be exacerbated by childhood abuse. For females, facilitating the connection between CGN and sexual abuse could be particularly relevant to sexual minority groups.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2022.2064211


Ensuring equitable, inclusive and meaningful gender identity- and sexual orientation-related data collection in the healthcare sector: insights from a critical, pragmatic systematic review of the literature.

Given that the LGBTI community is suffering from adisproportionate burden in terms of both communicable and non-communicable diseases, implementation and monitoring equitable and inclusive sociodemographic data collection is of utmost importance. To the best of the authors' knowledge, there is no systematic study that can be used in collecting gender identity- and sexual orientation-related data in the healthcare industry. Despite the importance of gathering gender identity- and sexual orientation-related information and increasing social acceptance among the LGBTI community, several topics need to be addressed yet, according to our systematic literature review. However, using unstructured data will overperform in identifying LGBTI individuals, particularly when integrating structured and unstructured data. In the literature, a shift from a rigid/static nomenclature to a more nuanced, flexible, 'fuzzy' model of a 'computable phenotype' has been suggested to capture the complexities of sexual identities and trajectories. On the other hand, excessive fragmentation must be avoided considering that a complete list of gender and sexual orientations would never be available; these choices should be readily understood by the general population; and in such a way that can be compared among various studies and reports, comparisons should be avoided. Only in this way, data collection can be clinically useful, affecting individual and population health, as well as encouraging further study in the field.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2022.2076583


Sex/Gender and Allostatic Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Risk and Disease.

Multiple studies have shown that cardiovascular disease can be attributed to socioeconomic status differences. However, little is known about the reason that cardiovascular disease affects women and men differently, but not so much. Female sex has some health benefits in relation to cardiovascular disease, but many of these benefits appear to fade as women develop cardiovascular risk factors. Stress and allostatic load, in addition, could play a significant role in the association between sex/gender and cardiovascular disease. Chronic fatigue and psychosocial causes of allostatic load rises seen in women could be more accurate in this narrative review, although physiological risk factors and unhealthy habits may be more significant factors contributing to increased allostatic load in men. Chronic stress can influence modifiable gendered risk factors to promote cardiovascular disease prevention, and it is imperative to continue to investigate the mechanisms in which gender influences chronic tension.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2022.09.011


Gender differences in isotretinoin prescriptions during the COVID-19 pandemic at a U.S. academic medical center.

Patients on isotretinoin therapy must complete monthly tasks, including follow-up visits with their prescriber, and patients with childbearing potential must also perform monthly pregnancy testing. Female patients seeking isotretinoin are particularly vulnerable by iPLEDGE-related barriers, and have traditionally been administered isotretinoin less frequently than male patients. During the pandemic, predominance of isotretinoin prescriptions increased in males over time than in pre-pandemic. In addition, male patients were more likely to use telehealth for isotretinoin sequels relative to female patients than to in-person visits.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00403-022-02394-4


Clinical Follow-up of Two Adolescents Diagnosed with Gender Dysphoria.

Rapid physical, psychological, and sexual development in adolescents as a result of the developmental process distinguish the approach to adolescents with gender dysphoria from the adult approach. Both individuals were able to continue their psychosocial growth without any difficulties after the psychiatric and physical therapies that they could achieve on time. Although GD in adolescents cannot be solved by puberty suppression alone, it does take time to address the acute issues and look for new treatment options in the future. Puberty suppression partially relieves and prevents the exacerbation of the dysphoria experienced by the youth diagnosed as GD, which is also responsible for the exploration of the appropriate treatment options in the sequel. Through these two instances, it is intended to establish the gender confirming processes of adolescents with GD, to explore the surgical interventions in adolescence and the psychological consequences of the process on individuals.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5080/u26795


Ethnicity, Child Sex, and the Likelihood of Marriage in Pregnancy: A Novel Analysis of Gender Inequity.

Objective: We investigated the relationship between fetal sex and the likelihood of pregnancy during pregnancy. Result: 13. 1% of foreign-born women were married during pregnancy, relative to 2. 6% of Canadian-born women. Women from the Middle East and North Africa who were pregnant with boys were 1. 13 times more likely to die during pregnancy than those who were pregnant with girls. In Western settings, women from certain cultural minorities who are pregnant with boys may be more likely to marry during pregnancy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/ijph.2022.1604869


Lifestyle Changes, Emotional Eating, Gender, and Stress during COVID-19 Lockdown.

This research investigated the connection between lifestyle changes and emotional eating by focusing on the moderating effects of gender and COVID-19-related stressors. During the first COVID-19 lockdown in Israel, a total of 1969 respondents completed online questionnaires. Compared to people who did not experience any lifestyle changes, people with positive and negative COVID-19-related lifestyle changes showed higher emotional appetite. The relationship between lifestyle changes and emotional intake was moderated by gender and COVID-19-related stressors. Public nutrition recommendations should rely on strengthening these skills rather than simply adopting healthier diets as emotional eating is related to poor emotional control skills.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14183868


Treatment of Distal Radius Fractures with Bridging External Fixator with Optional Percutaneous K-Wires: What Are the Right Indications for Patient Age, Gender, Dominant Limb and Injury Pattern?

In the BEF + KWs group, the PRWHE and QuickDASH scores were lower than those in the BEF + KWs group relative to the BEF group. Patients treated with KWs had a higher clinical outcome, according to this. Patients treated by the BEF + KWs with the fracture on the dominant site were characterized by improved clinical outcomes. Both young and elderly patients of any gender can be identified with BEF for optional KWs, regardless of limb size and fracture pattern. The combination of BEF and KWs seems to be the most effective therapeutic outcomes in the elderly population when KWs were introduced.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12091532

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions