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Gender - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 25 September 2022

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"It's completely erasure": A Qualitative Exploration of Experiences of Transgender, Nonbinary, Gender Nonconforming, and Questioning Students in Biology Courses.

We interviewed students from queer genders to hear the messages about sex, gender, and orientation they received in biology, as well as the effects of these messages on them. Students reported two stories about sex, gender, and orientation in their biology classes that explicitly excluded biology from the discussion of exclusion explicitly. Students then described the breadth of diversity in sex and biology research by highlighting queer identities in biology and biology. We have teaching tips derived from student interviews for making biology more queer-inclusive.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36112619


Gender differences in esophageal variceal bleeding in the United States.

The main aim of this research was to investigate the effects of gender mismatch on hospitalizations in the United States related to Esophageal vaginal bleeding. Methods A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted using the National Inpatient Sample database for all hospitalizations with a discharge diagnosis of esophageal varices hemorrhagic varices with hemorrhagia from 2016 to 2019. Results We found a total of 166,760 patients with vaping bleeding, 32 percent of which were females. Conclusion Women hospitalized with esophageal variceal bleeding have a reduced risk of death than males.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35930410


Why so defensive? Negative affect and gender differences in defensiveness toward plant-based diets

Men tend to be more tied to meat intake, less likely to adhere to plant-based diets, and in general, more likely to exhibit defensiveness toward plant-based eating. However, male buyers scored higher than female respondents on all measures of defensiveness, with negative impact on plant-based eating partly or completely reporting the correlations between gender and defensiveness. Overall, these results suggest that male defensiveness toward plant-based eating may be partially explained by negative effect, which is related to a greater tendency to see reduced meat intake as a threat and a limitation to one's liberty, as well as an increasing desire to implement moral disengagement tactics such as pro-meat rationalizations; however, exposure to plant-based diets does not necessarily raise male defensiveness toward plant-based eating.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607803938


Understanding the meanings of male partner support in the adherence to therapy among HIV-positive women: a gender analysis.

Background information from the previous research shows that inadequate male companionship is a barrier to women's participation and retention in HIV care services. In four healthcare facilities in Southern Malawi, this qualitative report looked at the relationships between partners to see what is meant by male partner assistance in the recruitment of HIV-positive people. Support is more complex than previous research indicates, and in several instances, gender norms restrict women's ability to participate in healthcare without regard to male involvement, because women need male permission to use clinic resources. The gender analysis revealed that what previous literature calls male partner support can sometimes mask male partner involvement in allowing access to services to attend health clinics. For this reason, policies that promote male employment should take into account the gender power relationship between partners in order to avoid reinforcing gender inequity.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35416763


Exploring reasons for sick leave due to common mental disorders from the perspective of employees and managers - what has gender got to do with it?

Purpose The aim of this research was to investigate the employee and the managerial experience of reasons for sick leave in connection with CMDs in relation to both work and private life, from the perspective of a transactional view of everyday life occupations and gender norms. b struggling to keep up with work pressure and worker norms; b struggling with insecurity in unsupportive work environment; c implementing personal accountability by flexible work schedules; and d managing emotions under adverse working conditions. Conclusion Sick leave due to CMDs was described as relating to experiences of accumulation events embedded in various socioeconomic, and societal contexts of everyday life. Both employees and managers should have an open discussion on work and personal life, as well as health, which can be facilitated by legislation and policies. Increased awareness of social norms can also help to develop healthy and sustainable work environments.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35341475


Lithium Concentration in Biological Samples and Gender Difference in Athletic Horses

Lithium is a drug that is especially useful for human psychiatric disorders, but its therapeutic effect is not well understood for equine species. As blood biomarkers for lithium bioaccumulation, the purpose of this research was to determine the different bioaccumulation of lithium in different biological substrates, in 30 horses and hematological parameters. In addition, a single regression test was performed between the lithium concentrations of all biological substrates with each other and those with the hematological characteristics. Our findings revealed a higher level of lithium content in blood and mane in total, as well as a higher value in mane and tail for mares than geldings. Except for WBC and MCH, statistical correlation between blood and all hematological measurements was found.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607834542


Exploring climate change on Twitter using seven aspects: Stance, sentiment, aggressiveness, temperature, gender, topics, and disasters.

How can climate change deniers differ from believers?

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36129885


mHealth-Supported Gender- and Culturally Sensitive Weight Loss Intervention for Hispanic Men With Overweight and Obesity: Single-Arm Pilot Study.

Background Hispanic men have disproportionately high rates of overweight and obesity among other racial and ethnic groups. Nevertheless, no weight loss products have been created specifically for this high-risk population. Also, the use of cell health technologies to support lifestyle change in weight loss interventions for Hispanic men is largely untested. Objective This single-arm pilot study investigated the possibility and acceptability of integrating mHealth technologies into a 12-week gender- and culturally sensitive weight loss intervention for Hispanic men with overweight and obesity. 4. 7 kg at week 12 was the mean weight loss for the week 12. Conclusions Although substantial weight loss was made by integrating mHealth technologies into the GCSWLI, the GCSWLI's adherent to the recommended usage of technology was modest. Addressing barriers to the use of such technologies in our research may help to refine an mHealth intervention strategy for Hispanic men.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36129735


Uncovering sex/gender differences of arithmetic in the human brain: Insights from fMRI studies.

Despite that numerous studies have shown that female students do not outperform their male peers in mathematics and science, over the long run. In this research, we explore whether and how sex/gender is specificity in arithmetic processing using a cognitive neuroscience approach, not only to document contemporary findings in brain and behavior, but also to provide exclusive brain bases information that is uneen in behavioral studies alone.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36128729


The intersection of gender and race in older adults’ decision to receive COVID-19 vaccines

COVID-19 vaccines are essential public health tools for safeguarding older adults, who are at risk of severe complications as a result of COVID-19. However, little is known about how older adults cope with the decision to get a COVID-19 vaccination. We hypothesized that intersections between gender and race may reveal unique insight into the decision-making process and the reasons that lead to vaccination uptake among hesitant individuals. In contrast, hesitant compliers perceived risks associated with the vaccine device or mistrusted the system that resulted in rapid vaccine production. Hesitancy among Black participants was higher than ever before, but only Black participants reported mistrust in vaccine infrastructure. A u2018White male effect u2019 was observed at the intersection of gender and race, whereby White men perceived the fewest dangers connected with the vaccination, and Black women were the most afraid of serious side effects.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9485425

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions