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Executive Function - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 27 July 2022

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The role of transcription and executive functions in writing: a longitudinal study in the transition from primary to intermediate Grades

Learning to write is one of the biggest challenges children face in primary grades, requiring both transcription skills and executive functions. The new study sought to fill this gap with a twofold aim: to investigate transcription and EFs in Portuguese children transitioning from primary to intermediate school; and, to determine longitudinal and continuous links between transcription and text quality. 222 Portuguese students in Grade 4 were assessed in Grade 5, and a year later in Grade 5 were reassessed. Moreover, although grammar and cognitive flexibility in Grade 4 had consistently predicted text quality in Grade 5, these links disappeared when Grade 5 predictors were considered. Only transcription abilities, as well as cognitive flexibility and inhibitory control in Grade 5 were the key predictors of text quality in Grade 5, according to the final model.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-022-10256-8


Effects of an executive function-based text support on strategy use and comprehension–integration of conflicting informational texts

In multiple text comprehension, executive positions have been implicated. However, the contributions of EFs to the comprehension and integration of multiple texts have yet to be determined empirically, and instructional methods for text integration grounded in EFs are only now being established. This report looked at the roles of EFs, based on measures of learners' use and EF skills, as well as a text-embedded intervention that was supposed to elicit readers'u2019 EF use and metacognitive engagement in comprehension of conflicting informational texts, using a conflicting text model. Learnersu2019 reported that EF use directly and indirectly to learners' U2019 comprehensionu2013 integration of the conflicting texts; EF skills, which were based on a measure of verbal fluency, contributed only to comprehension u2013integration. According to the study, 15% and 16% of the variance in reported cross-text elaboration and comprehension were within u2013 integration, respectively, showing modest effects of EFs and the brief, text-embedded intervention on comprehension u2013integration of the texts.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-022-10257-7


Latent Class Analysis Reveals Distinct Groups Based on Executive Function and Socioemotional Traits, Developmental Conditions, and Stuttering: A Population Study

According to increasing body of study, there have been correlations between lower Executive Functions, the set capabilities that are required to monitor and allocate oneu2019s cognitive resources during cognitively demanding activities and various neurodevelopmental disorders, including stuttering. The current report addressed gaps in the literature by using latent class analysis, a person-centered approach, to find homogenous subgroups within the National Health Interview Survey publicly available data set. The likelihood of parental report of stuttering and atypical growth for children with both EF and SE difficulties was even higher among all subgroups, although this probability was highest among all subgroups. In comparison, children without difficulties were the least likely to be identified with stuttering or not-typically growing. In addition, our findings show that within-population heterogeneity among children with EF and SE heterogeneity among children with EF and SE heterogeneity, particularly among children with EF and SE heterogeneity among children with EF and SE heterogeneity among children who stuttering children.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01160-3


Family Ecology as a Context for Children’s Executive Function Development: the Home Literacy Environment, Play, and Screen Time

All children were monolingual Turkish speakers and were enrolled in kindergarten programs in Middle Anatolia, Turkey. The study found that EF, receptive vocabulary, active screen time, indoor and outdoor playtime, and indoor and outdoor playtime were positively connected with EF, although passive screen time was negatively related to EF. Thus, the highly evolved HLE's can play a significant role in EF growth, and a holistic view of family culture can help explain individual differences in children's EF skills.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-022-09920-w


Are subjective cognitive complaints associated with executive functions and mental health of older adults?

Prior to cognitive decline in late adulthood, subjective cognitive interviews were used to detect detrimental age-related changes in cognitive performance. Rather, subjective cognitive disorders appear to be attributed to perceived mental stability. An additional aim was to determine if there were significant differences in perceived mental stability and executive functions efficiency by comparing older people with a group that reported more cognitive complaints. Moreover, participants who reported more cognitive declines also showed less optimism and psychological stability, as well as greater depressive signs, than older respondents who had fewer cognitive disorders. No differences were found in executive performance measures between companies that were experiencing low vs. high incidences of subjective cognition among groups that were lacking low vs. high rates of subjective cognitive disturbances. In conclusion, the simultaneous objective assessment of cognitive function and self-reported assessment of cognitive processes and mental health of senior citizens should be encouraged to identify potential dangers to their wellbeing.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-022-01089-y


Divergent thinking and the core executive functions: a state-of-the-art review

Divergent thinking and the core executive roles have long existed, according to the study. Divergent thinking is backed by fear in terms of flexible attention shifts, according to the main findings. When the object of interest is narrowed, working memory seems to play a key role in enabling semantic associations. Divergent thinking, according to the individual's ability and job needs, can be changed between various technologies according to the individual's ability and task requirements.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-022-01091-4


Measuring the Impact of Bilingualism on Executive Functioning Via Inhibitory Control Abilities in Autistic Children

Exposure to more than one word in childhood is one factor that could influence how executive careers develop. Bilingualism was measured on a continuum of exposure to investigate the effects of language environment on two aspects of inhibitory control. Regardless of diagnosis, motor impulse control was enhanced by increased bilingual exposure, but bilingual exposure did not significantly influence inhibition involving visual attention.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05234-y


Effect of simultaneous exercise and cognitive training on executive functions, baroreflex sensitivity, and pre-frontal cortex oxygenation in healthy older adults: a pilot study

While simultaneous training appears to be more effective than passive control and physical fitness alone, few studies have compared simultaneous preparation to cognitive training alone. In comparison to either training alone, this pilot study sought to investigate the effects of simultaneous exercise and cognitive training on many cognitive domains in healthy older adults. Thirty-five healthy older adults were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups: exercise training, cognitive development, and simultaneous exercise and cognitive training. The magnitude of each variable being related was found by time interaction for inhibition cost and baroreflex sensitivity during controlled breathing. During the trail making test B, we also noticed a decrease in left and right pre-frontal cortex oxygenation in both groups. To raise executive function and baroreflex sensitivity, a combination of exercise and cognitive training is more effective than either training alone or combinating both exercise and cognitive training to raise executive performance and baroreflex sensitivity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-022-00595-3


A longitudinal analysis of the effect of anemia on executive functions in children with mild to moderate chronic kidney disease

Methods A total of 688 children over the age of 6 years were included in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children study, which underwent an evaluation for EF was included.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-022-05682-3

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions