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Executive Function - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 27 September 2022

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The relationship between physical activity and trait anxiety in college students: The mediating role of executive function

Physical fitness plays a 72. 3 percent relationship with trait anxiety, with 11. 7 percent mediated by inhibition function and 15. 90% reflecting shifting function. Conclusion: Physical education coursework contributes to trait anxiety in turn. College students with high trait anxiety should be encouraged to take part in more VPA and pay attention to changes in their inhibition and shifting roles.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2022.1009540


Pilot Associations between Adverse Childhood Experiences, Executive Function, and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) among Adults with Excess Adiposity

We hypothesized that higher ACEs would be related to lower EF scores and that these patterns would be associated with serum BDNF levels. ACEs were not specifically linked to EF scores, but they did display potentially significant negative beta coefficients with elevated BDNF values and positive coefficients with mature BDNF. EF scores and proBDNF showed a positive correlation that did not reach a point of measurable relevance that was not similar to EF scores and mature BDNF. In a small pilot study of middle-aged women with excess weight, higher ACEs were reportedly associated with lower proBDNF and higher mature BDNF.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/obesities2030022


Obesity and Neurocognitive Performance of Memory, Attention, and Executive Function

In a South African cohort, the aim of this research was to investigate the effects of BMI on the key cognitive functioning tasks of attention, memory, and executive functions. Compared to the normal-weight group, the participants with a BMI corresponding with obesity did poorly on the tasks measuring memory, attention, and executive function. The findings, as compared to normal-weight participants, demonstrate the existence of a decreased cognitive performance in obese people on tasks that involve planning, decision making, self-control, and monitoring. Further research into the possible underlying mechanism by which obesity affects cognition is encouraged is recommended.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/neurosci3030027


Family Socioeconomic Status and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Preschool Children: The Mediating Role of Executive Function

This research sought to investigate the connection between family socioeconomic status and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in preschool children and executive function mediating role. The Self-Reported Family Situation Questionnaire, the Child Executive Functioning Inventory, and the Child Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were used by a total of 361 parents of preschool children. To a certain extent, this supports the family stress model and family investment model of the correlation between SES and child growth, as well as providing a guide to the early detection of ADHD in children with low SES.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191811608


Does Executive Function Training Impact on Communication? A Randomized Controlled tDCS Study on Post-Stroke Aphasia

The key role of executive functions in language recovery has recently emerged in aphasia rehabilitation, particularly for people with severe aphasia. Twenty perennial PWSA members underwent ten days of transcranial direct current stimulation over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, according to a randomized double-blind crossover scheme. This data shows that tDCS over the right DLPFC and executive education, as well as executive education, enhances functional communication in severe aphasia.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12091265


Effects of Sport-Based Interventions on Executive Function in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocol

Background: Moderate-to-vigorous intensity exercise regimens have been shown to have positive effects on older people's cognitive abilities. However, the specific effects of sport-based exercise regimens on cognitive development and executive functions are uncertain. This review examines longitudinal studies involving healthy older adults of 60 years of age or older. Using the mean and standard deviation values before and after the intervention period, the ES values were calculated for executive function globally and for every aspect of executive function in the experimental and comparator groups using the mean and standard deviation values. Conclusions: Our systematic review seeks to determine the effects of sport-based exercise regimens on executive functions in older adults. The findings may help practitioners and stakeholders make more informed decisions regarding sport-based exercise program implementation for older adults and senior citizens' healthier cognitive functions during the aging process.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12091142


The Role of Executive Function in the Effectiveness of Multi-Component Interventions Targeting Physical Activity Behavior in Office Workers

We want to determine the impact that executive action on PA-behaviors' intervention efficiency, as well as verify whether the observed effect varies by Job Demand Control categories. 245 participants were randomly assigned to a control group and two intervention arms, either a promotion of physical fitness as a result of a reduction sedentary behavior group or a reducing sedentary behavior group, according to this workplace-based intervention report. In comparison to the control group, participants with active jobs in the iSED-group had significantly increased light-intensity PA in the iSED-group. The iPA-group, which has a high percentage of EF and active jobs, relative to the control group, showed a dramatic rise in light-intensity PA and the iSED-group showed a trend toward reducing sedentary behavior among participants with a high incidence of EF and active jobs. Office employees with a high EF and active job will benefit most from an intervention study focusing on PA-behaviors, according to the report.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010266


Hot Executive Function Assessment Instruments in Preschool Children: A Systematic Review

The aim was to analyze the scientific evidence that is available regarding batteries, tests, or devices that assess hot executive roles in preschoolers, as well as the most analyzed hot EFs. The Delayed Gratification Task, the Child's Play Task, and the Delayed Reward Task were two of the most commonly used tools to measure hot EFs in preschool children. The reliability and conceptual clarity of the assessment of cognitive and emotional factors in EFs is also debatable.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010095


Improvement of Executive Function after Short-Term Administration of an Antioxidants Mix Containing Bacopa, Lycopene, Astaxanthin and Vitamin B12: The BLAtwelve Study

The effects of daily intake of an antioxidant mixture in healthy older adults were determined in this double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel arm experiment. TMT-B, TMT-A, and TMT-B minus TMT-A were among the study's primary goals, which was determined in the following hierarchical order: TMT-B, TMT-A, and TMT-A minus TMT-A. In the active group, TMT-A was much higher than in the control group, much higher than in the control group. TMT-B minus TMT-A was higher in the control group but not so much in the active group, and TMT-B was reduced in the active group. Letter fluency testing was also significantly higher in the active group and statistically significant. Our results show that regular dietary supplementation with bacopa, lycopene, astaxanthin, and vitamin B12 could be a cost-effective dietary strategy for combating brain aging related to cognitive changes.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010056


Executive Function Touch battery: Translation and preliminary measure validation for Pakistani preschoolers.

The present research looked at the potential and preliminary psychometric properties of a performance-based computerized EF test, EF Touch, with Pakistani preschoolers, keeping in mind the importance of determining early executive function skills in low and middle-income countries. EF Touch battery's content and Urdu translation of verbal instruction was carried out by subject matter specialists before data collection from 120 preschoolers aged between 3. 1 to 5. 9 years was obtained. For the initial assessment of tasks and item parameters, item response theory models were used.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0274431

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions