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Executive Function - Crossref

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Last Updated: 27 August 2022

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Processing speed mediates the association between physical activity and executive functioning in elderly adults

Cognitive decline is correlated with advanced aging. In healthy older adults, this review looked at the relationship between physical activity levels, sedentary appetite, and cardiorespiratory fitness. Between MVPA and cognitive processing speed, there were some significant correlations found. Processing speed translated a significant indirect effect of MVPA on executive function and long-term memory. Also, MVPA ratings distinguished cognitive performance in older adults among the physical inactive group's processing speed, executive functions, and language skills in a 2013 study.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.958535


The role of language in executive function development: Evidence from oral deaf preschoolers

Executive function and vocabulary are linked in the preschool years, but the causal role that language plays in EF growth remains unclear. Children under the Oral DHH's learning of spoken language is delayed until they receive a cochlear implant or other piece of equipment, giving a sort of natural experiment in how language influences cognitive development. We should expect that, if language aids in learning, that TH children would outperform DHH children on the EF task, and that length of language exposure should account for this difference in outcomes. We also disclosed that delayed language access contributed to these EF delays; we also revealed that we got statistics on the age at which each oral DHH child first received an auditory unit, which allows us to estimate the length of language usage. That length of language access completely resolved the link between hearing status and EF, confirming our second hypothesis. Mediation studies found that language access increased the link between hearing status and EF.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/8ahm9


Little Effect of Executive Functioning on Behaviour Problems of Those with Attachment or Autism Spectrum Disorders

Abstract Objectives For a sample of children with learning disabilities, this research investigated whether executive presence mediated the relationship between autism spectrum disorder or attachment disorder, as well as behaviour problems. Conclusions: EF had little influence on a sample of learning disabilities with behavioral issues, indicating that EF has limited effectiveness as a tool for educational intervention in such a sample.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41252-022-00272-8


Specific relations of visual skills and executive functions in elite soccer players

This cross-sectional research looked at the connection between elite soccer players' visual skills and executive roles. Tests were administered to determine visual fidelity, comparison sensitivity, near-far speed, and hand-eye coordination by fifty-nine male elite soccer players. A strong correlation with an executive function total score, as well as with cognitive flexibility, working memory, and especially selective attention, was shown by a close correlation with near-far quickness results. Visual clarity and contrast sensitivity were moderately related to the cognition total score. For working memory, there were the most consistent correlations with the visual functions.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.960092


Understanding Mathematical Learning Disorder in Regard to Executive and Cerebellar Functioning: a Failure of Procedural Consolidation

Executive functioning, according to a burgeoning body of literature on pediatric neuropsychological evaluation, is the basis of several procedural learning strategies that are mediated by cerebellar processing. The correct diagnosis of what we have described as a 'u201cprocedural consolidation deficit'u201d may be underpinning of mathematical learning disorder, given the neuropsychological dependence of intact procedural learning for effective academic development. The most reliable variables in determining people with MLD were found in the following tests: WISC-V Coding; first administration of Trail Making Test Part B; slope across five serial administrations of Trail Making Test Part B; and more recent variations of Trail Making Test Part B.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40817-022-00127-z


Association between fundamental motor skills and executive function in preschool children: A cross-sectional study

Objection: The main aim of this investigation was to determine the relationship between early fundamental motor skills and executive function in preschool children. Results: The total FMS score was moderately and positively correlated with total EF score, and it was a good predictor of total EF score. Early childhood policymakers, preschool teachers, and researchers should consider these connections and implement appropriate complex motor intervention schemes in future teaching to promote the development of both motor and higher-order cognitive skills in preschool children.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.978994


The effect of dietary modification on executive function domains in adult individuals with obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Background: According to a new report, obesity is linked to a broad executive function decline. Several dietary intervention studies have shown that executive function domains can be enhanced. This meta-analysis sought to determine the effect of diet change on adult obesity-related executive function domains. The most important result of concern was the evolution in executive function domains. In order to shift from baseline executive function domains, we collected data on the standardized mean difference between the dietary intervention and control groups. Results: A total of ten randomized controlled trials that met the objectives were found. Verbal fluency [SMD=0. 303, P=0. 033, I 2 =16. 3%] improved cognitive sensitivity [SMD=0. 303, P=0. 008, I 2 = 0%], working memory [SMD=0. 801, P=0. 018, I 2 =83. 6%], and verbal fluency [SMD=0. 803, P=0. 033, I 2 =16. 3%] improved cognitive stability [SMD=0. 303, P=0. 603, P=0. 03 [I2 = 16. 3 [SMD=0] [SMD=1. 603, P=16. 3], I 2 =16. Conclusions: Dietary modification might improve executive function domains in adult adults with overweight/obesity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.110211.1


Modulatory Effects of Language Context on Executive Functioning in Multilinguals

The benefits of bilingualism on executive performance have drew a lot of attention over the past decade, with new research findings focusing on multilingualism rather than just bilingualism. The present research sought to see whether multilingual experiences predicts improved executive functioning, as well as if language contexts change the relationship. The strength of the link between multilingualism and flanker task success can be moderated by the presence of a bilingualism and flanker task performance in the second instance. The present study also revealed the use of a novel measure of multilingualism u2013 the Multilingual Language Diversity score (u2013) as a key predictor of improved EF in various language contexts.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/wjzfp


Convenient Auditory-Based Language and Executive Function Test for Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Pilot Study

Abstract: According to the following study, approximately 30% to 35% of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have cognitive impairment ranging from mild dysexecutive syndrome to frontotemporal dementia. With less emphasis on motor function, we set out to create a short cognitive test, a simple auditory-based language, and executive function questionnaire for rapid detection of cognitive impairment in ALS. Method 2: Testing verbal short-term memory and semantics skills with auditory verbal stimuli; Test 1, assessing word repetition and lexical analysis, and Test 2, evaluating verbal short-term memory and semantics skills. The administration time of Test 1 and Test 2 was 1 and 3 mins respectively, according to the respective. We investigated the possibility of the CABLET to detect ALS with cognitive impairment from normal cognition. Both the CABLET total and Test 2 measurements had high diagnostic reliability, according to receiver operating characteristic evaluations. Test 2 had the highest sensitivity and sensitivity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acac069


Enhancing Chinese preschoolers’ executive function via mindfulness training: An fNIRS study

Mindfulness training has been shown to improve cognitive and emotional intelligence, as well as reduce emotional distraction and cognitive rigidity. Using the one-group pretest-posttest method, this article investigated the impact of mindfulness training on young children. At Altogether 31 Chinese preschoolers enrolled in a 5-week, twice-per-week mindfulness training. Their cognitive shifting and working memory tasks significantly improved, and their integration in the DLPFC was greatly enhanced, according to the findings, and their activation in the DLPFC significantly changed.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2022.961797

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions