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Event - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 03 June 2022

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Associations between peer stress in early adolescence and multiple event-related potentials elicited during social feedback processing.

In a sample of 46 early adolescents, we investigated the links between multiple informants of peer stress and multiple ERPs to social feedback. " Peer pressure studies were only modestly correlated with one another, showing that different informants capture different aspects of peer pressure. To gain a better idea of the effects of peer stress on neural responses to feedback, future research using social feedback-related ERPs should consider multiple sources of data as well as multiple ERP components along the time-course of feedback processing to gain a better picture of the effects of peer pressure on neural responses to feedback. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35603413


Validated algorithms for identifying timing of second event of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma using real-world data.

"The results of Cox-regression modeling cancer-free survival was compared to chart review findings. " Patients had a difference between the chart-reviewed and algorithm-estimated time of the second event falling within the 0-60 days window, which was the patient's major difference. With a 5-year second-event-free survival rate of 74% versus 75%, the estimated data and chart review results were comparable, with estimated estimates and chart review results found from the estimated results and chart review findings that were similar. Conclusion The algorithm estimated a second event that was similar to that of the chart review. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35653151


Longitudinal mediation analysis of time-to-event endpoints in the presence of competing risks.

"This article is based on an review of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, which aims to investigate the role of loneliness in revealing the adverse effects of hearing loss on dementia. " These are all related marginal structural proportional hazard models that can be used to cause decomposition on either the cause-specific hazard ratio scale or the cumulative incidence function scale. According to the ELSA results, there are no evidence that hearing loss on dementia is mediated by the feeling of loneliness, which is similar to 1. 01. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35652999


A scoping methodological review of simulation studies comparing statistical and machine learning approaches to risk prediction for time-to-event data.

"A scoping review of machine learning methodologies have been compared to traditional survival models helps identify the comparisons that have been made and issues where they are lacking, biased toward one model or misleading. " With a time-to-event result in a medical/healthcare setting, Eligible papers were those that used simulation studies to compare statistical and machine learning techniques for risk prediction. Six of the articles evaluated a method that was either not appropriate or better than the other methods compared, with four of which were machine learning techniques, and the majority of the results indicating that this improved method was either equal to or superior than the other methods. These services are increasingly assessing how new experimental methods work and how they compare to a variety of traditional statistical techniques for prognostic modeling is crucial, particularly because these tools are now being used in clinical settings. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35650647


Performance of Bt maize event MON810 in controlling maize stem borers Chilo partellus and Busseola fusca in Uganda

"A research was conducted in 2014-u20132016 to determine the results of Bt hybrids expressing Cry1Ab against Uganda's two main stem borer species, the African stem borer and the spotted stem borer, u2013 under artificial infestation. Mean yields in the Bt hybrids were much higher by 29. 4 percentu201380. 5% higher than those in the other three groups of non-Bt hybrids. This research revealed that Bt maize expressing Cry1Ab protects against leaf decay and can restrict entry of stem borers into maize plant stems, resulting in higher yield than non-transgenic hybrids. Therefore, Bt maize has a potential to contribute to Uganda's overall stem borer program. u2022 Bt maize hybrids had significantly reduced stemborer damage in Bt maize hybrids, with Bt maize hybrids yielding more stemborer damage in Bt maize hybrids, up 24% to 80. 5 percent. u2022 Bt maize hybrids had significantly less stemborer mortality in Bt maize hybrids, which was less than non-Bt maize hybrids, which were much lower than non-Bt maize hybrids.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC8987732


Observer-based event-triggered optimal control for unknown nonlinear stochastic multi-agent systems with input constraints

"This paper discusses the observer-triggered optimal control for nonlinear Itu00f4-type stochastic multi-agent systems with unknown internal states and input constraints. " For the first time, the event-triggered stochastic Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation with input constraints is introduced. After that, the approximate event-triggered optimal controller is produced by adaptive critic designs whose weights are only updated at the triggering instants. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR500906


Adverse Event Reporting Priorities: An Integrative Review.

"Objectives" are the third leading cause of hospital death in hospitals today, after heart disease and cancer. This integrative analysis seeks to synthesize adverse event reporting priorities in acute care hospitals from quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods research papers. Conclusions A paucity of studies on adverse event reporting in acute care hospital settings has been found. Perceptions of blaming and retaliation, a lack of feedback, and a general fear of facing someone more influential are the biggest barriers to adverse event reporting. Only 4 published studies reviewed patient safety education, showing that while patient safety education is a common goal to develop organizational culture, only 4 published studies investigated its effectiveness. Given that patient safety education is a common goal clinically to raise company culture, only 4 published papers investigated its effectiveness. All four main goals are needed, including further study in acute care hospitals. The findings of this analysis may be used by clinicians and researchers to minimize adverse events and raise future research questions. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35617598


Developing and Aligning a Safety Event Taxonomy for Inpatient Psychiatry.

"Objective": The aim of this project was to establish and coordinate an inpatient psychiatric safety event taxonomy that would blend well-established safety events with psychiatry-specific questions. Methods A hybrid inductive-deductive thematic analysis was used to create new descriptive safety event categories for inpatient psychiatry and align these categories with a well-defined tax structure. We were able to integrate our taxonomy with our institution's safety event measurement system in the deductive phase. Conclusions Safety activities on inpatient psychiatric units are understudied and lack the necessary measurement equipment to determine care processes that result in exposure to risk. Based on real-world results, new research, and measurement methods, we develop and align an inpatient psychiatric safety taxonomy. This taxonomy can be used by psychiatric hospitals to enhance their patient monitoring procedures, and ultimately, the safety of their patients and communities. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35617595


A prospective study of adherence to lenalidomide for multiple myeloma using Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS) caps

"Purpose": "Purpose In patients with multiple myeloma and describing their adherence to orally administered medications, including lenalidomide, is vital due to their frequent use and potential for poorer outcomes in patients with nonadherence. " For three months in older adults with multiple myeloma, our study piloted the use of Medication Event Monitoring System caps and the patient-reported Brief Adherence Rating Scale. We enrolled 13 patients with multiple myeloma who were receiving lenalidomide, according to the following: We enrolled 13 patients with multiple myeloma. The baseline characteristics were reviewed; with 95% confidence intervals, mean adherence to lenalidomide was reported. According to the BARS and MEMS caps, there was a 2% difference in adherence. Conclusion In this small sample, the observed adherence was higher than in retrospective studies using Medication Possession Ratio as a predictor of adherence. MEMS caps can help identify patterns of nonadherence, but MEMS caps can help identify patterns of nonadherence, but there are limitations to their use, and thorough manual review can be required to reconcile suspected cases of nonadherence. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR501240


Fitting joint models of longitudinal observations and time to event by sequential Bayesian updating.

"This paper discusses an alternate model-fitting strategy based on sequential Bayesian updating, which allows the probability to be factored in as the product of a state-space model's and a Poisson regression model's likelihoods. " With a Kalman filter, linear Gaussian state-space models can be quickly produced, and the scheme can be carried out with existing applications. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35642267

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions