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Erythromycin - Crossref

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Last Updated: 05 September 2022

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Effect of preoperative administration of erythromycin or flunixin meglumine on postoperative abomasal emptying rate in dairy cows undergoing surgical correction of left displacement of the abomasum

After surgery, a D-Xylose solution was introduced into the abomasal lumen, and periodic blood samples were taken periodically to determine the time to maximum serum D-xylose concentrations. Results The u2014Abomasal emptying rate in cows treated with erythromycin was much faster in cows treated with erythromycin than in control cows, but there was no significant difference between cows treated with flunixin and control cows. On postoperative days 1 and 2 than control cows, cows treated with erythromycin had significantly higher milk production, relative to production before surgery. On the first postoperative day, rumen contraction rates in the erythromycin and flunixin groups were significantly higher than those in control cows. u2014 Conclusions and Clinical Relevance In the immediate postoperative period in cows receiving surgical correction of LDA, results show that preoperative administration of a single dose of erythromycin raised abomasal emptying rate, rumen contraction rate, and milk production in the immediate postoperative period.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.232.3.418


Resistance modulation studies of vernolide from Vernonia colorata (Drake) on ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin, tetracycline and erythromycin

The compound Vernolide was isolated from Vernonia colorata's leaves, and the identity was confirmed by appearance, melting point, 1H and 13C NMR, as well as UV-Vis and IR spectroscopy. The isolate's antimicrobial activity was investigated with MTT assay using micro broth dilution and 96 well microtiter plates against standardized bacteria suspensions of selected inoculum. All antibiotics were able to stop the growth of the microorganisms at a dose of 0. 2 mg/ml vernolide and varying quantities of the generic antibiotics in the range from 4. 00 g/ml to 0. 0005 g/ml, which are less than their reported MICs, according to Modulation studies between vernolide and the selected antibiotics. Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterococcus faecalis have all been found to have a high resistance modulatory activity on ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin, tetracycline, and erythromycin against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus faecalis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.31254/phyto.2018.7504


Estimation of Erythromycin concentration In saliva of healthy volunteers

Methods: The aim of this research was to determine the erythromycin concentration in saliva. During the first 6 hours, subjects were given orally a single dose of 500 mg erythromycin. Results: The results of this research revealed that erythromycin concentration in saliva varied from 0. 01 to 27 percent u03bcg. The mean concentration of erythromycin C max 0. 27 percent / mgl, AUC 0-tu00b221e 217. 25 bbcg. The other pharmacokinetic parameters are: the mean concentration of erythromycin C max 0. 27 0. 07 mg/ml, AUC 217. 25 pg; u03b21. 25 u03b1 1. 25 mg/ml, AUC 0--no. 22. Conclusion:The possibility of erythromycin in saliva was a possibility to testing by erythromycin in saliva. T 1/2 8. 33 ng/ ml. The finding of erythromycin in saliva reveals the drug's distribution in saliva, demonstrating the suitability of erythromycin in the treatment of dental and oral infections.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.32828/mdj.v5i1.503


Changes in gallbladder volume in healthy dogs after food was withheld for 12 hours followed by ingestion of a meal or a meal containing erythromycin

The goal of this paper is to determine the effect of meal ingestion and orally administered erythromycin on gallbladder volume in dogs. The percentage of volume change from time 0 was represented by the Gallbladder ejection fraction, according to the Gallbladder ejection fraction. U2014 We did not find significant differences in gallbladder volume per unit of body weight between treatments at time 0 or in ejection fraction percentages within or between treatments, but not between treatments. In 19 of 22 dogs, Median time 0 gallbladder volume was 0. 6 mL/kg but was > 1. 0 mL/kg in 3 of 22 dogs and u2264 1. 0 mL/kg in 19 of 22 dogs. Both dogs with at least one treatment result achieved an ejection percentage of u2265 percent, but 2 dogs with a gallbladder volume u2264 1. 0 mL/kg at time 0 did not. A combined meal and erythromycin therapy may be required for Dogs with a gallbladder volume > 1. 0 mL/kg and ejection percentage 25%.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.69.5.647


Effect of parenteral administration of ivermectin and erythromycin on abomasal emptying rate in suckling calves

The aim of this paper is to determine the effect of parenteral administration of ivermectin and erythromycin on the abomasal emptying rate in suckling calves. Result of u2014Administration of erythromycin and ivermectin resulted in a substantial rise in abomasal emptying rate in comparison to control control's results, as determined on the ratio of time to maximum plasma acetaminophen concentrations. The macrolide erythromycin can be a potent prokinetic agent in calves and other animals. Since IV administration of ivermectin, a little rise in abomasal emptying rate after IV administration of the drug ivermectin is still to be determined, because ivermectin is only indicated for SC, oral, and topical administration.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.70.4.527


Effect of parenteral administration of erythromycin, tilmicosin, and tylosin on abomasal emptying rate in suckling calves

Calves were given 2 L of milk substitute containing acetaminophen 30 minutes later. After suckling, Jugular venous blood samples and transabdominal ultrasonographic abomasal dimensions were collected on a regular basis. The time to maximum plasma acetaminophen concentration and ultrasonographic determination of the halftime of abomasal emptying were calculated on the basis of the time to maximum plasma acetaminophen concentration and ultrasonographic measurements. Anytime the F value for the group was high, One-tailed Dunnett post tests were conducted. U2014 Imptying rate was quicker for erythromycin, tilimicosin, and tylosin than for the control therapy, according to the ratios of time to maximum plasma acetaminophen concentrations, according to time to maximal plasma acetaminophen concentrations. The half-time of abomasal emptying was significantly less for erythromycin than for the control regimen, according to Ultrasonography. The abomasal emptying rate was accelerated by Tylosin and tilmicosin, but not significantly so in relation to the control treatment's emptying rate. An increase in the abomasal emptying rate in cattle remains to be established, according to the clinical significance.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.68.12.1392


Effect of intraluminal distension or ischemic strangulation obstruction of the equine jejunum on jejunal motilin receptors and binding of erythromycin lactobionate

u2014 Objective: u2014 Objective aims To determine whether inflammation of the jejunum of horses reduces the number of motilin receptors and amounts of motilin receptor mRNA, as well as altering the erythromycin lactobionate binding affinity in jejunal tissues. In the various segments, Via displacement experiments, competition between 125 I-labeled motilin and erythromycin lactobionate for binding to motilin receptors was investigated. To determine motilin receptor mRNA levels in the muscle preparations, a quantitative real-time PCR method was used. The expression of motilin receptor mRNA was markedly reduced in ILD segments but not in ISO segments. The removal of 125 I-labeled motilin receptors from motilin receptors by Erythromycin lactobionate does not differ significantly among the jejunal segments. Resulting from decreased regulation and decreased production of motilin receptors in inflamed jejunal tissue contribute to the altered prokinetic response to erythromycin in horses with gastrointestinal disease.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.67.5.815


Assessment of the effects of erythromycin, neostigmine, and metoclopramide on abomasal motility and emptying rate in calves

Procedure u2014Calves were monitored for one hour before being injected with a milk substituter and then monitored for another 3 hours. 60 minutes; erythromycin at u201330 minutes; low-dose erythromycin at u201330 minutes; neostigmine at u201330 and 90 minutes; and placebo at u201330 minutes; and placebo at u201330 and 90 minutes; and placebo at u201330 minutes; and placebo at u201330 and 90 minutes. Abomasal motility and emptying rate were determined by determining luminal pressure and change in abomasal volume as time progress was determined. erthromycin therapy up the frequency of abomasal luminal pressure waves and mean abomasal luminal pressures, as well as reduced the half-time of abomasal emptying by 37%. u2014 Results showed that administration of erythromycin at the labeled antimicrobial dose in healthy suckling calves within minutes, with an immediate and noticeable prokinetic effect, although metoclopramide or neostigmine did not influence abomasal motility or emptying rate.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.2005.66.545


Emergence of Erythromycin Resistant Invasive Group A Streptococcus in West Virginia, United States

ABSTRACT — Combination therapy for invasive group A Streptococcus infections has been a mainstay in the treatment of A Streptococcus infections; however, increasing macrolide resistance has prevented such treatment for strains with MLS B phenotypes. In 2017, the CDC recently reported erythromycin and clindamycin resistance rates for iGAS that were higher than 20% in 2017. We investigated 76 iGAS isolates from 66 patients identified at J. W. here. emm typing was performed using the CDC protocol and database in West Virginia from 2020-2021. The majority of resistant isolates were erythromycin resistant, with 93 percent of resistant isolates consisting of 5 emm11 isolates. The plasmid-borne ermT gene in all emm92 isolates and chromosomB-encoded ermA, ermB, and mefA in other emm species were conferred Macrolide resistance, according to plasmid-encoded ermT gene in all emm92 isolates and mefA. Generally, macrolide-resistant iGAS were particularly resistant to tetracycline and aminoglycoside antibiotics. We characterized iGAS infections affecting non-pediatric residents around West Virginia here.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.08.08.503263


Risk of adverse effects in pneumonic foals treated with erythromycin versus other antibiotics: 143 cases (1986–1996)

Abstract Objective u2014 Objective: Objective u2014 To determine whether foals with pneumonia treated with erythromycin, alone or in combination with rifampin or gentamicin, was at a higher risk of experiencing adverse effects than foals treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, penicillin G procaine, or a mixture of TMS and PGP, compare to foals with a To determine the likelihood of adverse reactions among foals treated with erythromycin and control foals, both operative risk and attributable risk were estimated.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.2000.217.68

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions