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Epidemiology - PubMed

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Last Updated: 27 July 2022

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Genomic Epidemiology of Carbapenemase-Producing and Colistin-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae among Sepsis Patients in Ethiopia: a Whole-Genome Analysis.

Four hospitals located in various parts of Ethiopia conducted a multicenter study between October 2019 and September 2020. Blood culture was performed on a total of 1,416 sepsis patients. Using Illumina HiSeq 2500, enterobacteriaceae isolates were subjected to whole-genome sequencing. For genome assembly, the SPAdes version 3. 9 was used for genome assembly. Using CSI Phylogeny 1. 4, a Phylogeny structure was created. Among 301 Enterobacteriaceae, 22 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 2 Klebsiella variicola, 2 Klebsiella variicola, and 3 Enterobacter cloacae isolates showed reduced susceptibility to meropenem. Using 4 K. pneumoniae strains, co-occurrence of blaNDM-5 and blaOXA-181 was noted in co-occurrence. paraphrasedoutput:chromosomal changes of ompK36 and ompk37 were shown in K. pneumoniae and K. variicola. Col, IncC, IncHI, IncF, IncFII, IncR, and IncX3 were among carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae and E. cloacae isolates from carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae and Eto cloacae isolates among carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae and E. cloacae isolates among carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae and E. cloacae isolates Both mcr-9 genes were found in Salmonella species and K. pneumoniae. The occurrence of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae among sepsis patients is crucial.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1128/aac.00534-22


Wastewater-based epidemiology: A Brazilian SARS-COV-2 surveillance experience.

The COVID-19 pandemic response is pivotal in establishing public health policies and improving the COVID-19 pandemic response. This paper aims to highlight the importance of a multiparty effort involving research, public health, and government departments to ensure that WBE methodologies are used to their full capacity during the COVID-19 pandemic as part of a joint One Health surveillance program. We investigated the findings obtained from wastewater monitoring in various regions of Brazil as part of the COVID-19 Wastewater Monitoring Network ANA, MCTI, and MS. Viral RNA levels in wastewater measured epidemiological trends and variations between 2021 and early 2022, according to epidemiological trends and variations. During the second Brazilian wave of COVID-19, the highest viral loads in wastewater samples were found. Wastewater surveillance enables hotspot detection and, therefore, early public health interventions.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2022.108298


Epidemiology of Peste des Petits Ruminants in Nigeria: A Review.

Peste des petits ruminants, which is a significant inhibitort to small ruminants' growth in N. . . . ia, is Peste des petits ruminants. Based on phylogenetic analysis of F gene sequences, I found a similarity to the vaccine strain, N. . . . ia 75/1, in one study in small ruminants, sequences clustering into lineage. In ten/37 papers, risk factors for PPRV seropositivity were discussed, with a higher seroprevalence observed in female animals, although differing findings were reported when considering species and age separately. However, several research gaps were identified, including the need to investigate the low uptake of PPRV vaccine and small ruminant farmers' economic benefits, but small ruminant farmers' economic benefits. Such reports will inform PPR control policies in N. . . . ia and eventually contribute to the global 2030 PPR eradication strategy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.898485

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions