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Epidemiology - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 27 July 2022

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Comparison of Academic Outcomes of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Course between Traditional Lecture and Flipped Classroom Blended approach in 2nd Year Medical Students: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Objective: To compare academic outcomes between integrated flipped classroom and solely traditional lecture teaching method among 2nd-year medical students in Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Methods: From the Education Department's website, general information and academic accomplishments such as grade point average, ratings of the basic statistics course, and scores of Epidemiology and Biostatistics were obtained. respectively, the TL group and the FC group were represented in the academic year 2014 and 2015 academic years. TL yielded a higher examination score than FC from this retrospective review, which was more indicative than FC.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/87169516e1a247b09688ee038694332a


Utility of the Siriraj Psoriatic Arthritis Screening Tool, the Thai Psoriasis Epidemiology Screening Tool, and the Early Arthritis for Psoriatic Patients Questionnaire to Screen for Psoriatic Arthritis in an Outpatient Dermatology Clinic Setting, and Identification of Factors Significantly Associated with Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis screening tools, such as the Early Arthritis for Psoriatic Patients questionnaire, and the Siriraj Psoriatic Arthritis Screening Tool, are intended to evaluate the clinical validity of Psoriatic arthritis screening devices, as well as other factors closely related to PsA. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis included adult psoriasis patients who attended the outpatient clinic at Siriraj Hospital and had not been diagnosed with PsA from January 2017 to February 28, 2018. To measure assessment device success, receiver operator characteristic curves, sensitivity, and specificity were used. EARP had the best discriminative ability for distinguishing between psoriatic patients with and without PsA, according to ROC results. SiPAT had the highest sensitivity, followed by EARP and PEST; meanwhile, PEST had the highest specificity, followed by EARP and SiPAT for detection PsA. Conclusion: SiPAT is an inexpensive and simple to use tool for detecting PsA in psoriasis patients.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/abd3856460d244f4a00bc1cefc07ec37


Clinical epidemiology of venous thromboembolic disease: An institutional registry

The epidemiology of VTE in Saudi Arabia has yet to be adequately described. This review was based on a VTE registry that was established more than ten years at King Fahad Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and was intended to assess patient characteristics, risk factors, diagnostic procedures, administration, and clinical outcomes of patients with VTE. MethodsThis research was based on a VTE registry established over ten years. Methods All adult inpatients and outpatients were referred to the KFMC's thrombosis unit, which had clinically suspected VTE, including pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis. The majority of patients with deep vein thrombosis were hospitalized for u22643 days, while less than half of the patients with PE required hospitalization. Conclusion:Unprovoked VTE in the Saudi Arabian cohort was 3. 20 times higher than those of unprovoked VTE [2. 12:u20134. 83; p-value 0. 001]; p-value 0. 001]; conclusionUnprovoked VTE was more prevalent than provoked VTE [2. 12]u20134. 83; p-value 0. 001].

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2022.928094


Epidemiology of yellow fever virus in humans, arthropods, and non-human primates in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The yellow fever virus, which circulates between humans, the mosquito vector, and non-human primates, causes yellow fever. We review and analyze results on the case fatality rate and incidence of YFV in humans, as well as the prevalence of YFV in arthropods, and NHP in sub-Saharan Africa in this systematic review and meta-analysis. In humans, the overall case fatality rate due to YFV was 31. 1%, and in humans, it was 9. 4%. Only five research in West and East Africa reported the YFV in mosquito species of the genus Aedes and Anopheles funestus. YFV antibodies were restricted to In NHP, YFV antibodies in Cercopithecidae patients only. As a result, measures such as those developed by the WHO's Eliminate Yellow Fever Epidemics Initiative are urgently needed to identify and prevent yellow fever outbreaks in SSA.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0010610


Epidemiology of Mosquito-Borne Viruses in Egypt: A Systematic Review

This systematic analysis established the epidemiology of MBV prevalence in Egypt. Both RVFV and WNV strains discovered in Egypt, which dates back to about half a century, are easily transmitted in this region, according to a monophyletic analysis. Moreover, the seropositive rates of DENV and WNV in hosts had been on the rise in recent years, and spillover events of DENV and WNV to other countries from Egypt have been documented. The main drawback for monitoring MBVs in Egypt is a lack of seroprevalence studies on MBVs, particularly in this century.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071577


Epidemiology and Ecology of Influenza A Viruses among Wildlife in the Arctic

The avian hosts and other wildlife species's Arctic regions are ecologically important for influenza A viruses' persistence and geographic distribution. Compared to southern temperate regions, where prevalence and subtype diversity are more widely reported, data describing IAVs among wildlife in the arctic is less often published. The literature search was carried out in PubMed and Google Scholar using a series of pre-defined search keywords to find publications focusing on IAVs in Arctic regions between 1978 and 2022.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071531


Contrasting Epidemiology and Population Genetics of COVID-19 Infections Defined by Multilocus Genotypes in SARS-CoV-2 Genomes Sampled Globally

SARS-CoV-2 has grown and evolved globally, with recently introduced concerns accounting for more than 500 million COVID-19 cases and 6 million deaths since its launch in 2019 in 2019. Thereafter, 74 codons in 14 genes, including orf1a, orf3a, orf8, nucleocapsid, matrix, and spike met the 0. 01 minimum allele frequency standards and were chosen to develop multilocus genotypes for the genomes, including orf1ab polygene, orf3a, orf8, were, as chromate chrone, including orf1a coding a, orf3a, nucleocaps, nucleo, matrix, and spike, orf1a, chromosid chromosmosmosmosmosmosmosmosid genomes, orf1a a, orf1a, orf3a, matrix, orf1a, orf3a, nucleo, orf3a, or With eight VOC-defining variant alleles, including N KR 203&204, orf1ab, orf3a H 57, orf3a H 84, and S G 614, the most common worldwide with over 55% prevalence. Older patients had a greater risk of being infected with these variants, according to epidemiologically, but this association was based on the continent of origins. According to the 2020 and 2021 global populations, three and two continental clusters revealed inconsistent patterns of genetic clustering in the global population, with three and two continental clusters emerging. The MLG repertoires tested in 2020 and 2021 were genetically different, with u22644 MLGs per repertoire accounting for the majority of genomes tested. The majority of SARS-CoV-2 infections in 2020 and 2021 were caused by genetically distinct strains that likely adapted to local populations, according to these results. In fact, four GISAID clade-defined VOCs, namely GRY, GH, GR, and G/GK, were distinguished by their MLG signatures, showing the versatility of the MLG tool for variant identification.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071434


Disturbance Ecology Meets Bovine Tuberculosis (bTB) Epidemiology: A Before-and-After Study on the Association between Forest Clearfelling and bTB Herd Risk in Cattle Herds

Disturbance ecology refers to the study of discrete processes that alter the composition or dynamics of an ecosystem. In cattle herds, we report on an observational before-and-after study indicating the relationship between forest clearfelling and bovine tuberculosis herd risk, an epidemic in which badgers are the primary wildlife spillover host. The study conducted compared herd bTB breakdown risk for a year before and after exposure to clearfelling in Ireland at sites cut in 2015—2017. After adjusting for confounders, we discovered cattle herds significantly raised their risk of experiencing a bTB death by 1. 2 percent up to one year after a clearfell risk period. The latest cohort report indicated an association between clearfelling and bTB risk, which we speculate may have something to wildlife disturbances that result in pathogen spillback to cattle, although the study design avoids causal inference.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11070807


Molecular Epidemiology and Baseline Resistance of Hepatitis C Virus to Direct Acting Antivirals in Croatia

Due to the very diverse HCV genome, genetic epidemiology of hepatitis C virus is particularly difficult. The results of this analysis show a high prevalence of baseline NS3 resistance associate substitutions, moderate prevalence of NS5A RAS, and poor incidence of nucleoside inhibitor NS5B RAS. According to HCV genotype, the most significant prevalence of RAS antibodies in HCV subtype 1a and subtype 1b differed, with the highest incidence of baseline resistance to NS3 inhibitors and NS5A inhibitors found in HCV subtype 1a and subtype 1b, respectively. 27 HCV sequences were presumed to have a presumed epidemiological link with another sequence and categorized into 13 transmission pairs or clusters that were predominantly composed of subtype 3a viruses and most commonly found among intravenous drug users, according to phylogenetic studies, and were mainly associated with intravenous drug users.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11070808

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions