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Epidemic - Crossref

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Last Updated: 25 June 2022

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The molecular epidemiology, genotyping, and clinical manifestation of prevalent Adenovirus infection during the epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, South of Iran

Abstract Purpose Adenoviral mediated keratoconjunctivitis is one of the earliest ophthalmology diseases with long-term sequels. Methods The study included the affected patients from two nearby keratoconjunctivitis epidemics. Moreover, partial Hexon genes of 11 adenovirus positive samples were amplified and submitted for sanger sequencing. The 153 patients, 92 were males, and 47 were females, and 47 percent had a history of eye disease in the family or friends. Conclusions The results revealed that Adenovirus was the most common cause of keratoconjuctivitis, with HAdV-D8 being the most common genotype in the area.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1762528/v1


Who Will Survive and Revive Undergoing the Epidemic

POIs capture citizen behavior, providing valuable insight into city reactions to the outbreak. We analyze the POI visit trends over the epidemic period and normal times using large-scale check-in data. During the city lockdown period, we show that COVID-19 greatly influences the culture, where most POIs show more than 60% of visit drops. We continue to investigate the revival trends, with four distinct revival trends that connected to the need for POI functions. Finally, we examine the perseverance during the COVID-19 period, with no large-scale closures compared to the dramatic tourist drop.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1145/3463525


Racialization of Disease: The Typhus-Epidemic, Antisemitism and Closed Borders in German-Occupied Poland, 1915–1918

This essay examines responses to the typhus epidemic in German-controlled Poland during the First World War. U2013 Some of them identified Jews as the carriers and spreaders of the disease, according to German medical authorities; u2013 some of them identified typhus as a 'u201Jewish disease'u2019. Thousands of Jewish migrant workers in German industry were arrested and deported in an attempt to prevent the spread of the disease to Germany and shield the German Volksku6rper, Polish Jews u2013, who were born in 1918 and were not allowed to cross the border, and thousands of Jewish migrant workers in German industry were arrested and deported. It shows the close link between health policy and antisemitic and nationalist ideological narratives and programs, and it identifies this racialization of disease as a critical stage in German antisemitism's evolution.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/02656914221103467


Retrospective Review of Platelet Transfusion Practices during 2013 Dengue Epidemic of Delhi, India

Background: Dengue infection is a common public health issue. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical evidence, including the platelet counts and haemorrhagic tendencies of dengue patients, as well as the transfusion requirements of diagnosed dengue patients admitted at our center. Patients were treated with 1,750 random donor platelet and 114 single donor platelet units, as well as 531 patients. Platelet transfusions were found to be ineffective by 2 u00d7 10 11 platelets per patient, indicating that the dose of platelet transfusions were incorrect. In 119 patients, major bleeding was seen in 119 patients, but 228 patients had minor bleeding episodes.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1159/000371500


Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia: An Emerging Epidemic

Since the first description of frontal fibrosing alopecia in 1994, many new cases of FFA have been published in literature. According to a number of publications referenced in Medline from 1 in 1994 to 44 in 2016, Medline's trend analysis of published FFA papers from 1905 to 2016, showed that the number of publications referenced in Medline increased from 1 in 1994 to 44 in 2016. Since the first FFA survey's first report, the number of patients per published cohort has also increased sharply. Hair loss in FFA may be due to a combination of environmental or toxic factors. It's likely that a cumulative environmental or toxic factor can cause hair loss in FFA.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1159/000489793


SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infection during the Delta-dominant epidemic and neutralizing antibodies against Omicron in comparison with the third dose of BNT162b2: a matched analysis

Background Longitudinal data is lacking to determine booster effects of Delta bacteria infection versus the third vaccine dose on neutralizing antibodies against Omicron. The NAb against Omicron was 6. 6 and 5. 2-fold lower than that against Wuhan and Delta, respectively, with 64% having detectable NAb against Omicron at follow-up, although the NAb against Omicron after breakthrough infection was 6. 7- and 5. 2-fold lower than that against Wuhan and Delta. Conclusions: Symptomatic breakthrough infection during the Delta predominant wave was associated with significant rises in NAb against Wuhan, Delta, and Omicron, which is similar to the third BNT162b2 vaccine. Although Omicron's much lower cross-NAb against Omicron than other virus types, infection control efforts must be continued irrespective of vaccine and disease history, as the immune evasive variants are circulating.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.06.21.22276682


Data Visualization Analysis of COVID-19 Epidemic Situation

This paper, which is based on Jupyter Notebook, examines the situation of epidemic data, provides the graphic analysis and implementation of COVID-19 epidemic results, as well as detailed research and implementation. Although the sigmoid fitting tends to underestimate the curve, the true value of the curve tends to be more than the sigmoid curve estimate. The proposed data visualization software could effectively display the status of the COVID-19 epidemic in the hopes of helping monitor and minimize the COVID-19 epidemic's impact.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.21307/ijanmc-2020-038


Disease-economy trade-offs under alternative epidemic control strategies

We show that targeted isolation policies can prevent up to 91% of economic losses relative to voluntary isolation programs, using a calibrated, coupled epi-economic model of individual behavior embedded within the wider economy during a novel epidemic. Testing and compliance difficulties can undermine some of the benefits of targeted isolation, but improving test quality will unlock the majority of the benefits of targeted isolation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-30642-8

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions