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Individuals with eating disorders have difficulties with emotion management, and these difficulties have been attributed to both heightened and chronic ED symptoms. Although emotion reactivity is distinct from emotion control, only a few studies have looked at emotion reactivity in the context of EDs. The aim of the current study was to investigate longitudinal links between emotion reactivity and ED symptoms and impairment in people with EDs. Detailed questionnaires assessing ED symptoms and severity, emotion reactivity, and emotion control difficulties at treatment intake and bi-monthly during therapy were all completed by individuals seeking outpatient ED therapy. Emotion reactivity may vary based on ED presentations, and may be a significant predictor of ED symptom severity. Emotion reactivity is related to the intensity and length of an emotional encounter. According to this review, more emotion reactivity was correlated to increased eating disorder symptom severity and eating disorder-related impairment.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36086863
However, limited research has looked at how emotional responses linked to suicide risk in EDs and the prognostic value of suicide risk for ED treatment. The current research examined if suicide risk in patients with EDs and reactivity with suicide risk, as well as academic outcomes, as well as how suicide prevention may predict ED treatment success. Despite having higher ED symptoms at admission, patients with elevated suicide risk at admission improved similarly to other risk categories across care. Suicide risk and attempt history could not have a negative effect on ED treatment outcomes when using emotion-focused therapy.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36082588
Women in 62 Creole and Mestizo women living in communities on the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua's coast of Nicaragua under different phases of industrial development in 3D avatar software to create their own 'ideal' body without the constraints of ready-made stimuli. Body dissatisfaction as a result of the association between sociocultural body ideals and pathological eating habits, as expected. Body dissatisfaction with pathological eating habits changed over time, as well as sociocultural factors, body image, and eating habits at 2 or 3 timepoints per woman. Discussion Together these results show that women in high income countries may have similar patterns of association with sociocultural internalization, body dissatisfaction, and eating disorder risk even at early stages of media acculturation.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36068623
Methods and Aims: This national survey compared the demand and availability of adult community eating disorder services to NHSE Commissioning recommendations. The following are results: Of 21 services contacted in England and Scotland, 13 of whom were interviewed, 13 responded. About 37% of referrals came from child and adolescent eating disorder programs, but 46% of referrals were 18-25 years old, with waiting lists and rationed access. Clinical Implications: ACEDS were 15% funded to meet demand, but to reach parity with the CEDS-CYP would need an estimated $59 million in budget per million population, well beyond its capacity.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR539728
Background: While the negative and encouraging results of pro-eating disorder groups have been well documented, more study is required on the effects of pro-recovery organizations. We interviewed those involved in the recovery community on social media platform Tumblr to see how the association assisted/did not support with recovery and how it made them feel about recovery using open-ended questions. Participants overall felt that the community helped them feel connected and acknowledged for their lives and their achievements, though a minority did warn that such acceptance could sometimes promote unhealthy habits, and that joining could lead to pressure to help others. Participants reported that the content inside the community varies; at times there is a large number of pro eating disorder posts on display, while at other times, encouraging, motivating, and encouraging. Participants in general reported that the community had many helpful aspects and made them feel better about recovery.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36045448
The novel ICD-11 personality disorder model includes a dimensional analysis of personality trait impairment and five nonadaptive personality trait domains. However, the relationship between the ICD-11 personality disorder model and eating pathology is, to date, unclear. The results of eating pathology showed statistically significant bivariate correlations with personality disorder and the ICD-11 personality trait domains. Until now, the correlations of the ICD-11 personality trait domains with eating pathology were largely independent of the severity of personality disorder. Conclusions This report revealed that all ICD-11 personality disorder model components are specifically related to eating pathology. Theorie building may have ramifications beyond maladaptive personality trait domains, the growing and evolving links of personality disorder with eating pathology have potential implications for theory development. To determine causal relationships between the ICD-11 personality disorder model components and eating pathology, further research using longitudinal designs is required.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36045403
Patients with dietary and weight problems are affected by OXT development, and a oxytocin receptor gene variant has been linked to impulsive eating habits in patients with binge eating disorder. We found no association between mean DNA methylation and BMI or self-reported eating disorder pathology. A significantly lower OXTR DNA methylation in male participants with BED was found in male participants with BED when compared to those without BED. Conclusions A clinically relevant binge eating pathology may be associated with decreased OXTR DNA methylation exclusively in males. The finding that BED is a phenotype of the obesity spectrum that is characterized by specific vulnerability factors is supported by varied DNA methylation of OXTR in males with BED. An improved understanding of the OXT's epigenetic underpinnings could contribute to the refinement of OXT administration plans as potential interventions in eating and weight disorders.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36042529
Objective: Objectives: Objective While network models of eating disorder psychopathology modeling symptom interconnectedness and determining potential treatment targets have become increasingly popular, it is important to contextualize their results against other methods of modeling ED psychopathology in order to measure and capitalize on their use. Methods We tested the reliability of the Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory and Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire in Recovery Record, Inc. mobile phone application users. Integrating latent variable and network model frameworks helps test centrality tests reveal key latent variables, such as purging, that may promote the dissemination of ED psychopathology throughout a network, allowing for the identification of future treatment targets.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36053836
We wanted to find the prevalence of borderline personality disorder symptoms in a sample of eating disorder outpatients and determine how BPD symptoms relate to severity, anxiety, and function. Using a cut-off score of seven on the McLean Screening for Borderline Personality Disorder, a total of 119 people were assessed and classified into high BPD symptoms and low BPD signs. This study shows a high prevalence of BPD symptoms among outpatients receiving ED treatment, and the use of a brief screening device for BPD in this group may contribute to a better understanding of the patient.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36038988
By recruiting a diverse group of Amazon MTurk workers, we hoped to have norms for the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire and Clinical Impairment Assessment across racial/ethnic, gender, and sexual identities, sexual orientations, and their intersections. We used normative data for each demographic group response option. We reported means and standard deviations for each demographic category response option, as well as mean estimates by percentile across ethnic groups. In the most recent survey, the EDE-Q Global Score for a subset of identities and intersections was higher than previously reported averages for those identities/intersections. The most comprehensive analysis of eating disorder pathology, socioethnic, sexual, and sexual orientations for the Eating Disorder Examination, Quantitative and Clinical Impairment Assessment, as well as the first reporting on intersections, which fills some of the gaps for commonly used measures of eating disorder psychopathology.
Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36054425
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