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Eating Disorder - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 13 January 2023

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Understanding eating disorder symptoms in same-gender couples: social environmental factors.

Background: In this population, sexual minority individuals are at a disproportionately high risk of eating disorders, but no information is known about how factors in the social environment play to eating disorder symptoms. We investigated the relative effects of macro level and micro level socioeconomic factors by using an ecological systems theory framework. Both measures showed that greater internalization of sociocultural beliefs was related to greater eating pathology. Individuals in same-gender families experience macro-level hunger in connection with disordered eating; however, internalization of sociocultural beliefs may be higher for males.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36631892


Prevalence and associated factors of binge eating disorder among Bahraini youth and young adults: a cross-sectional study in a self-selected convenience sample.

Background Binge eating disorder is a chronic ingestion of unusually large amount of food in a single period of time. BED has the highest incidence of all eating disorders. Studies have shown a strong correlation between BED and both physical and psychological factors such as obesity, sadness, and fear. Depression and anxiety were screened using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and General Anxiety Disorder-7, respectively. Out of all participants, 21. 2% had binge eating disorders, and 21. 2% had binge eating disorders. Depression had the largest correlation with binge eating, out of all related causes. However, sociodemographic and other health signs were not strongly related to BED symptoms, but socioeconomic status, such as age and other medical conditions, were not directly related to BED symptoms. Conclusion In conclusion, the prevalence of BED symptoms among the study participants was extremely high. The results reveal that the connection between obesity, depression, and anxiety are all possible risk factors for binge eating tendencies.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36627719


Medical and physiological complications of exercise for individuals with an eating disorder: A narrative review.

Individuals with eating disorders experience persistent hunger, binge episodes, and compensatory behaviors that affect every organ system. Although returning to exercise is an important component of treatment and recovery, no information about the contraindications and dangers of physical fitness that is unique to those with an ED is available. This paper offers a comprehensive summary of the medical and physiological risks of exercising in exercise as part of ED therapy, as well as examples of when exercise can be advised or used in a modified or cautionary manner. This report may help identify more accurately and safely whether exercise is safe for individual patients and when improvements and caution are warranted.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36627654


Predictors and significance of rapid response to behaviorally based treatment of binge eating disorder.

Objectives of this review In a clinical trial of a behaviorally based weight loss therapy for binge eating disorder in patients with obesity, this research examined baseline predictors of rapid response and its prognostic value. By the fourth treatment week, the rapid response had been identified as a 65% decrease in binge eating by the fourth treatment week. Patients with immediate response were compared to those without rapid responses, a variety of current and/past medical, and therapeutic variables, as well as treatment attitudes. Rapid response received significant points, including higher approval of BBWLT's logic and greater hope that treatment will aid with binge eating and weight loss. Rapid response was recently shown to have definite improvements in binge eating and weight loss outcomes. Conclusions These results reveal that rapid response to binge eating disorder by BBWLT has positively predicted positive clinical outcomes in both binge eating and weight loss.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36623872


Women's perceptions of weight stigma and experiences of weight-neutral treatment for binge eating disorder: A qualitative study.

The impact of weight-neutral healthcare is limited, but evidence relating to positive psychological and behavioral outcomes is consistent with improved psychological and behavioral outcomes. Methods We conducted semi-structured interviews between February 5, 2019 and February 25, 2020, with 21 women who had type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, elevated body weight, and having previously attended a specialized treatment service for binge eating disorder. We recruited people with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes who completed more than two weeks of a specialized binge eating disorder recovery service with the ability to participate in an English-spoken interview and did not have cognitive impairment or severe psychopathology that would reduce recall or participation in the interview. Participants reported weight stigma in healthcare visits and thought that this reduced the quality of care they received, according to the study.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36618893


Women's perceptions of weight stigma and experiences of weight-neutral treatment for binge eating disorder: A qualitative study

The effect of weight-neutral healthcare is limited, but evidence proving positive psychological and behavioral benefits are also linked to improved psychological and behavioral outcomes. Methods We conducted semi-structured interviews with 21 women who had type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, high body mass, and had previously attended a specialized treatment center for binge eating disorder between Feb 5, 2019 and Feb 25, 2020. We recruited individuals with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes who completed more than two weeks of a specialized binge eating disorder rehabilitation service with the ability to participate in an English-spoken interview but did not have cognitive impairment or severe psychopathology that would restrict recall or participation in the interview. Participants reported weight stigma in healthcare encounters and believed this reduced the quality of care they received, according to the study.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9816903


Binge Eating Disorder—The Point Prevalence among Polish Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Validity of Screening Tool for This Population

In women with PCOS, an elevated risk of obesity has been found. Since obesity is often associated with eating disorders, including binge eating disorder, and because the hormonal shifts in PCOS patients could influence the food intake model, we decided to determine the prevalence of BED in PCOS patients and determine the sensitivity and specificity of the Questionnaire for Binge Eating Screening in PCOS patients. According to the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, a Binge eating disorder was diagnosed. According to DMS-5 guidelines, the point prevalence of BED in PCOS women was 51 percent. Conclusions: Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are particularly at risk of binge eating habits. Screening for eating disorders should be a routine procedure in women with PCOS. The first two questions from QBES are a quick and simple screening tool that can be used in everyday practice with POSC patients.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9819692


Binge Eating Disorder-The Point Prevalence among Polish Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Validity of Screening Tool for This Population.

Women with PCOS have an elevated risk of obesity. Since obesity is often associated with eating disorders, including binge eating disorder, and since the hormonal changes in PCOS patients could influence the food intake model, we decided to determine the prevalence of BED in PCOS patients and determine the sensitivity and specificity of the Questionnaire for Binge Eating Screening in PCOS patients. Conclusions According to DMS-5 measures, the point prevalence of BED in PCOS women was 51. Conclusions Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are at a high risk of binge eating habits. Screening for eating disorders should be a common procedure in women with PCOS. The first two questions from QBES are a short and simple screening tool that can be used in everyday practice with POSC patients.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36612867


Orbitofrontal cortex functional connectivity changes in patients with binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa.

BED and BN were also found to have differences in brain stimulation profiles in reward sensitivity, which revealed differences in reward sensitivity. BED patients had significantly higher impulsivity than controls in this study, but no difference in impulsivity between BN and controls was significant, despite the fact that the difference between BN and controls was not significant. Participants with BED and BN had lower FC between the left lateral OFC and the right precuneus than controls, according to the participants with BED and BN. FC between the left lateral OFC and the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex was smaller than that in controls, both in BED and BN. FC in BED, Argentina, the left medial OFC and the right cerebellar lobule IV was greater than that of other groups. In OFC-seeded FC, our latest findings reveal similarities and differences between BED and BN in terms of reward processing. In particular, FC of the OFC in BED patients showed a significant correlation with their high impulsivity, which may indicate a decline in executive control over binge eating.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36576922


Perceptions and experiences with eating disorder treatment in the first year of COVID-19: A longitudinal qualitative analysis.

The COVID-19 pandemic began presenting significant obstacles for people with eating disorders in seeking and receiving treatment for people with eating disorders. In the United States, the purpose of this study is to investigate theories and experiences with ED treatment in the first year of the pandemic among people with previous and self-reported EDs. Results We categorized findings into four distinct, temporal, and clear patterns that explained participants' views of facilitators, blocks, and experiences with ED treatment over time. Quarter 1 We categorized results into four sequential, temporal quarters and identified patterns that characterized participants' experiences with ED treatment over time, as shown in Figure 1. During the first year of the pandemic, people with eating disorders were severely affected by increasing COVID-19 stress, worsening symptomatology, and limited access to effective treatment. This information will assist physicians, medical centers, and policy makers in addressing the behavioral health of individuals affected by disordered eating in the wake of emerging public health crises.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36574733

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions