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Eating Disorder - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 13 January 2023

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Body image disturbance and associated eating disorder and body dysmorphic disorder pathology in gay and heterosexual men: A systematic analyses of cognitive, affective, behavioral und perceptual aspects.

Objective: This research contributes to the quantitatively large yet narrowing scope research on body image in gay men by determining whether gay and heterosexual men differ on various aspects of body image instability and related pathology, i. e. , eating disorder, and body dysmorphic disorder symptoms. Contrary to expectation, everyday discrimination experiences in heterosexual men were more strongly linked to body image loss and eating disorder/body dysmorphic disorder pathology in heterosexual men than in gay men. Discussion The findings reveal more body image distress in gay men than in heterosexual men regarding cognitions, emotions, habits, and perception, as well as increased eating disorder and body dysmorphic disorder pathology. Gay men may have remained resilient to discrimination over time, and body ideals could vary between gay sub-communities.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0278558


Sizing up the crowd: Assessing spatial integration difficulties in body size judgements across eating disorder symptomatology

Participants were required to determine the size of a central female target within a crowd during the Experiment 1's simulation. Method and Results: Participants were required to estimate the size of a central female target body within a crowd. We investigated whether the effect of this illusion would differ among those with elevated versus low eating disorder symptomatology, in accordance with a poor central coherence model, with the high symptomatology group having less spatial integration relative to the low group. In VR, an Ebbinghaus Illusion for Bodies has been found by Experiment 2's findings. DistaminationThe illusion magnitude did not vary across high and low symptomatology organizations, but these results did not differ across high and low symptomatology organizations, demonstrating that crowd data is integrated when judging individual body size; however, those with elevated eating disorder symptoms did not indicate any integration deficit on this broader measure of spatial integration.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1003250


Binge Eating Disorder—The Point Prevalence among Polish Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Validity of Screening Tool for This Population

In women with PCOS, the increased incidence of obesity has been noted. Since obesity is frequently associated with eating disorders, including binge eating disorder, and because the hormonal changes in PCOS patients could influence the food intake model, we decided to determine the prevalence of BED in PCOS patients and determine the specificity and specificity of the Questionnaire for Binge Eating Screening in PCOS patients. Methods: The investigation involved a total of 122 hospitalized women with PCOS aged 16–201345. According to DMS-5 criteria, the point prevalence of BED in PCOS women was 51 percent. Positive responses to even more QBES questions than the first two questions had 98% sensitivity and 85% specificity. Conclusions: Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are at a high risk of binge eating habits. Screening for eating disorders should be a standard procedure in women with PCOS.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010546


Individuals with Eating Disorder Symptoms Have an Increased Risk of Nightmares

However, individuals reporting symptoms of eating disorders are more likely to experience nightmares than others in general psychological distress. However, the prevalence of nightmares among people with eating disorder symptoms seems to be largely affected by gender and levels of general anxiety.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5350/BMB20180711071115


Women's perceptions of weight stigma and experiences of weight-neutral treatment for binge eating disorder: A qualitative studyResearch in context

The effects of weight-neutral healthcare are limited, but evidence relating to improved psychological and behavioral outcomes is abundant. Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews between Feb 5, 2019 and Feb 25, 2020, including 21 women who had type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, elevated body weight, and those who had recently completed a specialized treatment program for binge eating disorder. We recruited individuals with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes who completed more than two weeks of a specialized binge eating disorder therapy service with the ability to participate in an English-spoken interview and did not have cognitive impairment or severe psychopathology that would reduce recall or participation in the interview. Participants reported weight stigma in healthcare visits, and said it improved the quality of care they received. Result: Participants reported experiencing weight stigma in healthcare encounters and thought this lowered the quality of care they received. Some of the participants' experiences with the weight-neutral therapy techniques and the absence of a desire for weight loss as challenging.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2022.101811


Two case reports: Pica as a persistent eating disorder associated with iron deficiency anaemia

Introduction: Pica is a tumescent disorder that can lead to serious medical problems if patients develop cravings for non-nutritive substances. Conclusion: Despite being used for decades, the clinical significance of pica symptoms in the younger doctors is often ignored. Both of our patients responded well to coping with the key cause of blood loss and iron supplementation. Patients with pica signs should be referred to iron deficiency and clinicians should suspect occult blood loss in a patient with pica signs.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/7d51e82269304343825f3e8dae90d65b


Orbitofrontal cortex functional connectivity changes in patients with binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa

BED and BN have also been found to have variations in brain activation patterns in reward sensitivity, as shown by the differences in reward sensitivity patterns. BED patients demonstrated significantly higher impulsivity than controls in this study, despite the fact that the difference between BN and controls was not significant. Participants with BED and BN showed lower FC between the left lateral OFC and the right precuneus than controls, which was lower than controls. FC in both BED and BN was smaller than that in controls, with the left lateral OFC and the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex being weaker than that in controls. FC, left medial OFC and the right cerebellar lobule IV was stronger than that of other groups in BED, BED. Our latest findings show similarities and differences between BED and BN in OFC-seeded FC with respect to reward processing. In particular, the FC of the OFC in BED patients showed a strong correlation with their high impulsivity, which may indicate a decline in executive control over binge eating.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/c804a410ea6f4ba59716a3c6b3e9142d


COVID-19 related familial economic disruptions and eating disorder patients’ mental health concerns and motivation to recover

Following the introduction of stay-at-home measures to reduce the spread of the COVID- pandemic, children's hospitals, and emergency rooms throughout the United States, there was a significant rise in adolescents and young adults with eating disorders and mental health issues following the introduction of stay-at-home laws. The connection between COVID-19 related familial economic disruptions and mental stability and eating disorders as well as the desire to recover from an ED in patients receiving care for ED patients is discussed in this report.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-022-00709-4


The Needs of School Professionals for Eating Disorder Prevention in Australian Schools: A Mixed-Methods Survey

Background: School professionals such as teachers and counselors are uniquely positioned to facilitate discussion around disordered eating habits and body image; however, little is known about the needs of school professionals with respect to eating disorder prevention. This research was designed to investigate the wants and expectations of Australian school teachers in relation to eating disorder prevention. Results: Most participants were keen to participate in eating disorder prevention, but only 61% provided accurate information, and 41% said feeling secure in implementing eating disorder prevention. Conclusions: Despite a willingness to participate in the prevention of eating disorders, there are contradictions in beliefs regarding the role of school professionals in eating disorder prevention. The findings of this report reveal that knowing professional positions, school settings, and personal attitudes is vital in the creation of more effective school professional training and prevention programs.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/children9121979


An exploratory machine learning approach to identify placebo responders in pharmacological binge eating disorder trials

Abstract based on Randomized, placebo-controlled studies for binge eating disorder have shown high variability, and often characterized, in terms of short-u2010 placebo response. Several quantitative based studies in patients with BED have inconsistently identified which patient causes increased placebo responses. BED patients with BED's patients with BED's use of machine learning algorithms to find moderators of placebo effects. The aim of this research is to use machine learning algorithms to find moderators of placebo response in patients with BED. Patients with a u226575% decline in binge eating frequency at the time of the study were classified as patients experiencing a u226575% decrease in binge eating frequency at the study end point. The final algorithm was chosen by the Gaussian Nau00efve Bayes algorithm, which gave the highest crossu2010validation yields and was chosen as the final algorithm. According to Shapley's report, patients with low baseline BEF and anxiety status were important moderators of placebo response. The findings of this review support previous findings of reduced baseline disease severity, except that patients with no anxiety are more likely to placebo responses.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1111/cts.13406

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions