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Energy - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 03 September 2022

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Role of abnormal energy metabolism in the progression of chronic kidney disease and drug intervention.

Chronic kidney disease is a common medical disorder with a worldwide reach. Orderly energy metabolism is increasingly recognized as a key player in CKD, as normal kidney function and energy metabolism disorders are increasingly recognized. ATP deficiency and reactive oxygen species expansion are both characterized as energy metabolism disorders. Renin-angiotensin and adenine signaling pathway are also important regulatory factors in energy metabolism. Currently, drugs with clinically obvious renal function safety, such as Angiotensin II Type 1 receptor blockers and fenofibrate, have been shown to cause energy metabolism disorders. The sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors 2 that can mediate glucose metabolism disorders not only delay diabetic nephropathy but also have significant protective properties in non-diabetic nephropathy. We believe that the regulation of energy metabolism in a healthy way to slow CKD's progression.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35535500


Identification of FOXM1 and CXCR4 as key genes in breast cancer prevention and prognosis after intermittent energy restriction through bioinformatics and functional analyses.

After intermittent energy restriction, we investigated potential biomarkers and molecular mechanisms regarding breast cancer risk reduction, and further investigated the relationship between IER and BC prognosis. By analyzing the expression profile from GEO, we discovered differentially expressed genes in breast tissues before and after IER. After IER, FOXM1 and CXCR4 were down-regulated, meaning that FOXM1 and CXCR4 could be the most important key genes for reducing the risk and improving BC's prognosis after IER.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35481418


An operative laboratory investigation of bioconversion route from waste coal to natural energy

PURPOSE: The possibility of a revived consortium for the methane production burning coal as a carbon source in the modified media at mesophilic temperature was determined in the current study. Analytical reports revealed the presence of -OH and aliphatic bacteria that majorly belongs to alkane, alkene, and phenol derivative compounds, but SEM and EDX experiments established the active interaction of bacteria with coal particles and the absence of a peak in microbial treated coal and the absence of C peak in microbial treated coal. CONCLUSIONS: Waste coal mining is one of the most difficult and common mining industry processes, according to the mining industry's waste coal production.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607705297


Enzyme complex addition in barley or rye broiler diets with two energy levels fed from 1 to 21 days

When an enzyme complex was used in barley- and rye-based diets with differing energy values, two experiments were conducted to determine diet digestibility, ease, digestive function, digestive characteristics, and blood pressures. U00b7 kg-u00b9] regulated energy [3025 and 3125 kcal apparent metabolizable energy] in a completely random manner in 2 u00d7 2 + 1 factorial assembly with two feeds, two EC levels, and two energy standards [3025 and 3125 kcal apparent metabolizable energy, plus a control treatment] in the digestible assay.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607690071


Current methods for developing predictive energy equations in maintenance dialysis are imprecise.

Purpose For individuals receiving maintenance dialysis, estimating accurate resting energy expenditure is crucial to achieving energy balance and avoiding protein-wasting is crucial. Three PEEs were established using similar techniques in different population samples; the Maintenance Haemodialysis Equation, Vilar et al. We also assessed the PEEs stratified by body mass index subgroups due to anticipated imprecision at the extremes of the weight distribution. Using intraclass correlation and a Bland Altman plot, which investigated the percentage difference between eREE form mREE and accuracy, reliability and accuracy were determined. The MHDE REE obtained 56. 4 percent of values within u00b110% from mREE; Cuppari REE achieved 48. 8%, and Vilar REE achieved 48. 0% agreement; and a 72 percent agreement reached. The MHDE REE and Cuppari REE were solid for the MHDE REE and Cuppari REE, as well as moderate for the Vilar REE. Our research has demonstrated and focused on disease-specific determinants of EE and prediction of EE in patients on MHD, accounting for 60% of the variation, but significant gaps remain.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35356849


Sericin-mediated improvement of dysmorphic cardiac mitochondria from hypercholesterolaemia is associated with maintaining mitochondrial dynamics, energy production, and mitochondrial structure.

Context Sericin is a component protein of silkworm cocoon [ Bombyx Linnaeus] that enhances dysmorphic cardiac mitochondria under hypercholesterolemic conditions. This is the first analysis to investigate cardiac mitochondrial proteins associated with sericin therapy. Under hypercholesterolaemia, the aim was to investigate the mechanism of sericin action in cardiac mitochondria. In sericin-treated hypercholesterolemic rats, a 32. 22 % rise in the percent striated area of cardiac muscle was found in comparison to the nontreatment group. Differential proteomic research has also shown that sericin could increase mitochondrial energy production by upregulating acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase and NADH dehydrogenase 1xe and NADH dehydrogenase 1u03b1 subunit 10 expressions. The dysmorphic mitochondrial structure, metabolism, and energy production of cardiac mitochondrial mitochondrials under hypercholesterolaemia could be enhanced by Sericin therapy, according to the authors. These findings indicate that sericin may be an alternative therapy molecule linked to cardiac mitochondrial abnormalities.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35348427


Polysaccharides from Lyophyllum decastes reduce obesity by altering gut microbiota and increasing energy expenditure

In the polysaccharide-treated mice, an altered intestinal microbiota was found with enrichments of Bacteroides intestinalis and Lactobacillus johnsonii, as well as an increase in secondary bile acids. DIO mice's obesity and hyperlipidemia were reduced by supplementation with B. intestinalis and L. johnsoni, demonstrating their causal linkage to polysaccharides' efficacy. One of the mechanisms behind polysaccharides' effect is an increase in energy expenditure in the brown adipose tissues as a result of up-regulation of the secondary bile acids-activated TGR5 pathway.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607833740


Design of metallic phase WS2/cellulose nanofibers composite membranes for light-boosted osmotic energy conversion

Osmotic energy deposits in estuaries, as well as the ubiquitous solar energy, could be harnessed to reduce the energy crisis by emerging nanofluidic membranes. We mixed WSu2082 with a high percentage of metal phase and cellulose nanofiber to make composite membranes by vacuum filtration. Incorporated CNF, the space charge contributors, increases the ion flux through the increased interlayer spacing in the WS-u2082/CNF composite membrane, which increases the ion flux by the increased interlayer spacing in the WSu2082/CNF composite membrane. This material layout technique, based on the findings, could improve the ion transport in nanofluidic membranes, resulting in the efficient production of clean energy.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607826050


An energy optimization model comparing the use of sugarcane bagasse for power or ethanol production

This paper explores the energy balance between producing ethanol from sugarcane bagasse and using lignin from the bagasse as a source of electrical energy by Rankine cycle and oxy-combustion. Linguin is obtained from the synthesis and filtration of vinasse, which results in a fuel with high calorific value that can be used for power generation on the ethanol 2G experimental plant. Based on the parameters of a typical operational sugarcane plant, as well as a 2 G plant whose production was evaluated by means of global chemical reactions and conversion coefficients obtained from literature, the energy balance for 2 G ethanol production including electric power is estimated. When carbon capture and storage is used, net power becomes available when all tops and leaves plus 10 t/h of bagasse are burned, according to results.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607818802

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions