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Dysphagia - PLOS

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Last Updated: 13 July 2022

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Characteristics of postintubation dysphagia in ICU patients in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak: A report of 920 cases from a Brazilian reference center

We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of critical patients with COVID-19, who were enrolled in a COVID-19 dedicated intensive care unit and required prolonged orotracheal intubation. The Functional Oral Intake Scale's data was collected at two separate times: initial swallowing evaluation and patient satisfaction. Patients were divided into two groups according to their FOIS score determined on the last swallowing report: in-hospital diagnosed dysphagia in-patients with FOIS levels 6 and 7; non-resolved dysphagia at hospital outcomesu2013patients with FOIS levels 1 to 5. Patients in critical COVID-19 patients have been monitored by the results of the multivariate logistic regression model for the detection of non-resolved dysphagia at hospital outcomes. Patients with COVID-19 dysphagia may experience post-acute COVID-19 dysphagia, requiring the patient's care and rehabilitation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0270107


Risk factors of dysphagia in patients with ischemic stroke: A meta-analysis and systematic review

To gain insight into dysphagia in patients with ischemic stroke, we wanted to conduct a meta-analysis and systematic review to determine the risk factors of dysphagia in patients with ischemic stroke. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang Database for reports on dysphagia in patients with ischemic stroke up to January 31, 2022. Results: A total of ten studies involving 4637 ischemic stroke patients were included, but 1183 patients suffered dysphagia after stroke. There was no significant difference between dysphagia and no dysphagia patients in the gender comparisons. In patients with ischemic stroke, elder age, hypertension, diabetes, and brainstem stroke are all associated with dysphagia. To improve stroke patients' prognosis, it should be credited to the examination and early intervention of those risk factors for dysphagia.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0270096

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions