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People of Puerto Rican heritage die of opioid overdoses at a greater rate than other Hispanic groups or non-Hispanic Whites in the United States; yet, little is known about the extent to which opioid overdose deaths affects island-born, Puerto Ricans, as opposed to US-born Puerto Ricans. Compared to island-born Puerto Ricans, US-born Puerto Ricans, and people not of Puerto Rican origins, drug overdose deaths were compared among island-born Puerto Ricans, Puerto Ricans, and people of Puerto Rican origins. Both groups' rates were significantly higher for island-born Puerto Rican men over the period 2013-2013 to 2019 than for men of Puerto Rican origins. Within stateside Puerto Rican communities, island-born men face a significant risk of opioid overdose mortality, necessitating targeted, culturally appropriate interventions developed around the specific cultural values, climate, and lived experiences shared by Puerto Rican migrants using drugs.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-021-01077-6
Background In response to the escalating drug overdose crisis, effective drug overdose surveillance is needed. According to the likelihood of it being an accidental drug overdose, the death is expected as an accidental drug overdose, with 1 representing the highest likelihood that the death will be confirmed as an accidental drug overdose and 3 representing the lowest. We investigated the reliability of the device for predicting overdose deaths in New York City from 2018-to-finalized death certificates, comparing potential overdose deaths in the city from 2018–2020. Conclusions SPOT can be used by health departments, epidemiologists, public health services, and others to monitor overdose deaths before death certificate data becomes available.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13700-0
Background drug overdose and firearms abuse are two of the United States' most persistent public health crises, both of which have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Census tract characterization and opioid overdose and firearms violence rate within spatial clusters are both linked to a bivariate relationship. To determine if the drug overdose frequency is related to increased future firearm injury, a zero-inflated negative binominal regression was used. Results In high overdose, high firearms crime, and heroin overdose rates are two times higher compared to citywide averages. In comparison to city-wide averages, indicators of structural inequality and structural racism are higher in high overdoseu2014high firearms injury census tracts. A co-response in high gun overdose and heroin overdose communities should be a leader.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40621-022-00383-9
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