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Drug Overdose - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 13 July 2022

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Platanosides, a Potential Botanical Drug Combination, Decrease Liver Injury Caused by Acetaminophen Overdose in Mice.

A potential new four-molecule botanical drug class of antibiotics that are effective against drug-resistant infectious disease isolated from the American sycamore tree. In addition to an investigation of their potential with APAP for the prevention of infectious diseases and pain, pyrexia associated with a bacterial infection, a bacterial infection was investigated, the potential use of PTSs in reducing APAP hepatotoxicity in mice. PTSs can act as JNK-1/2 and Keap1-Nrf2 inhibitors, according to computational studies, and the isomeric mixture may have greater stability than individual molecules.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35815804


Drug use behaviors, trauma, and emotional affect following the overdose of a social network member: A qualitative investigation.

Following the overdose of someone on their social media, we tried to identify drug use patterns of individuals. Methods We undertook a semi-structured interview with 25 people who use opioids and knew someone who overdosed in the first 90 days. Following the overdose event, several participants reported an increase in opioid use or using more drugs than normal to address feelings of bereavement and grief, and a subset of these participants referred to increased drug use or using more medications than normal to combat feelings of bereavement and stress, and suicidal thoughts. Conclusions The results suggest that enhanced investment in network-based overdose prevention services, as well as greater integration of bereavement assistance and mental health services in settings that serve people who use medications are required. Individual overdose risk is also linked to a lack of future studies to find mediators of the effect of overdose happening in social media platforms.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35816791


Predicting accidental drug overdose as the cause of fatality in near real-time using the Suspected Potential Overdose Tracker (SPOT): public health implications.

Background and Objectives Background Effective responses to the rapidly spreading drug overdose epidemic require accurate and timely drug overdose surveillance results. According to the likelihood of it being an accidental drug overdose, the death is expected as an accidental drug overdose, with 1 representing the highest likelihood that the death will be confirmed as an accidental drug overdose and 3 representing the lowest. We investigated the reliability of the device for predicting overdose deaths in New York City from 2018-2020 by comparing potential overdose deaths from SPOT to finalized death certificates. Conclusions SPOT can be used by health departments, epidemiologists, public health services, and others to monitor overdose deaths before death certificate data is available.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35804334


Dual public health crises: the overlap of drug overdose and firearm injury in Indianapolis, Indiana, 2018-2020.

Background Drug overdose and firearms poisoning are two of the United States' most persistent public health problems, both of which have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. While controlling for neighborhood characteristics, the goal is to determine whether drug overdose correlates with and is linked to gun use at the census tract level. Within geographical clusters, there is a bivariate relationship between census tract morphology and heroin overdose and firearms violence prevalence. To determine if the drug overdose prevalence is related to increased future firearms injuries, a zero-inflated negative binominal regression was used. Compared to citywide rates, the incidence of high overdose-high firearms injury census tracts, rates of firearms injury, and opioid overdose are two times higher than citywide rates. A co-response in high drug overdose and heroin overdose cases should be a co-response in high-dose-high firearms injury populations.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35781347


The association of state-level drug and opioid overdose deaths with the capacity of behavioural health professionals in the United States.

As psychological health professions have diversified, more consultants, such as social workers and counsellors, are involved in providing substance use disorder treatment programs. This report examined the relationship between rises in the number of various types of behavioral health professionals and rises in opioid and opioid overdose deaths in the United States. A 1% drop in drug overdose deaths per 100,000 state population, as well as a 0. 35 percent decrease in opioid overdose deaths per 100,000 state population was clearly connected with a 0. 1 percent decrease in opioid overdose deaths per 100,000 state population after accounting for confounding causes. We did not find statistically significant associations between declines in opioid overdose deaths and rises in the number of psychiatrists or psychologists alone.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35715970

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions