Advanced searches left 3/3

Drug Overdose - DOAJ

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 13 July 2022

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Dual public health crises: the overlap of drug overdose and firearm injury in Indianapolis, Indiana, 2018–2020

Background information on Drug overdose and firearms poisoning are two of the US' most persistent public health problems, which have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Within spatial clusters, there is a bivariate relationship between census tract characteristic and drug overdose and firearms violence. To determine whether the drug overdose prevalence is related to increased future firearms injury, a zero-inflated negative binominal regression was used. The results of a high overdose u2014 high firearms injury census tracts, rates of firearms abuse, and heroin overdose are two times higher than citywide estimates. In the following year, drug overdoses have been attributed to higher rates of firearms-related suicide in the following year, accounting for census tract characteristics and spatial location. A co-response in high firearms dependence and heroin overdoses should be a co-response in high firearms overdose and heroin overdose populations.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40621-022-00383-9


Predicting accidental drug overdose as the cause of fatality in near real-time using the Suspected Potential Overdose Tracker (SPOT): public health implications

Abstract Background Wellbeing is the foundation of a successful drug overdose outbreak that requires accurate and timely drug overdose surveillance data. According to the likelihood of it being an accidental drug overdose, it will be listed as unintentional drug overdose, with 1 representing the highest likelihood that the death will be confirmed as an accidental drug overdose and 3 representing the lowest. By comparing potential overdose deaths in New York City between 2018 and 2020 that were found using SPOT to finalized death certificates, we verified the accuracy of the device for predicting overdose deaths. Health departments, epidemiologists, public health services, and others may use SPOT to monitor overdose deaths before death certificate data is available.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13700-0


Repeat Self-Harm Following Hospital-Presenting Intentional Drug Overdose among Young People—A National Registry Study

Background: The prevalence of hospital-presenting self-harm in young people, who most commonly participate in intentional drug overdoses, is high. The risk of self-harm repetition among young people is high among young people, and switching between self-harm episodes is common. Methods: The National Self-Harm Registry Ireland's report on hospital-presenting self-harm by individuals aged ten to twelve years in 2009, 2010-2017 was examined. Risk factors for repetition and method-switching were used to analyze risk factors for repetition and method-switching in Cox proportional hazards regression models with associated hazard ratios, survival curves, and Poisson regression models with risk ratios. Following IDO, young males are at a greater risk of repeat self-harm and method-switching, while the type and quantity of drugs administered are additional indicators of vulnerability. Interventions targeting IDO among young people are required to ensure that mental health assessments are carried out and deal with access to opioids are among the issues.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176159


A case of delayed-onset multiple oculogyric crisis and torticollis episodes after low dose intramuscular haloperidol in a non-neuroleptic drug overdose setting

This paper discusses the rare case of delayed-onset multiple acute dystonias after exposure with low dose intramuscular haloperidol lactate injection in a setting of non-neuroleptic drug overdose in a context of non-neuroleptic drug overdose. The drug-u2013drug interactions between haloperidol and high amounts of phenol and naproxen are discussed. Torticollis was the product of three episodes of oculogyric crisis in the 35 hours following her first IM haloperidol. With IM diphenhydramine 25 mg, every episode was treated promptly, and symptoms were relieved within 15 minutes of administration. An objective causality analysis revealed a strong correlation between acute dystonia and IM haloperidol therapy. Nonetheless, consideration should be made to combine haloperidol with an anticholinergic agent as a prophylaxis against acute dystonia, particularly in the setting of opioid overdose, even though it is the non-neuroleptic drug.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/20101058211040856


Variation in US drug overdose mortality within and between Hispanic/Latine subgroups: A disaggregation of national data

This report analyzed trends in the prevalence of drug overdose deaths in Latine ethnic groups in the United States. The National Center for Health Statistics released data for 29,137 Hispanic people who died from opioid overdose in 2015. Drug overdose deaths in the Puerto Rican heritage group were more than three times higher than those in the Mexican heritage group. We also calculated standardized rate ratios, incidence rate ratios from negative binomial regression studies, and 95% Confidence Intervals. The relationship between drug overdose deaths and educational achievement among Latine groups also varied between Latine groups. The relationship between opioid overdose deaths in the United States Latino population was not limited to drug overdose deaths, but also in socioeconomic risk factors for fatal drug overdose.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmmh.2022.100095


Increased Risks of Suicide Attempt and Suicidal Drug Overdose Following Admission for Head Injury in Patients with Depression

Following the admission of a head injury of patients with depression, Aims: To determine the risks of suicide attempt and suicidal drug overdose. We reviewed the NHIRD results of patients aged ≥20 years who had been receiving depression diagnoses between 2000 and 2010. Participants/Cases: We examined the NHIRD results of patients who had undergone depression diagnosis between 2000 and 2010. According to the comparison group, the DWI cohort had a 37. 4-fold higher risk for SDO and a 17. 1-fold higher risk of SDO, and had a higher risk of poisoning by medicinal products and poisoning by tranquilizers relative to patients in the DWI study. Conclusions: Head injury in patients with depression in Taiwan increased the risks of SA and SDO proportionally.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193524


Awareness and knowledge of the Good Samaritan Drug Overdose Act among people at risk of witnessing an overdose in British Columbia, Canada: a multi-methods cross sectional study

Abstract Introduction Bystanders to opioid overdoses Most people who call 911 avoid or postpone calling 9-1, the most common cause, is a fear of police involvement. The Good Samaritan Drug Overdose Act was enacted by the Canadian government in 2017 to provide people arrested at an overdose with legal protection against allegations of simple opioid use, and conditions arising from simple possession. To investigate fear of experiencing an overdose, we used quantitative surveys and qualitative interviews. Methods Quantitative cross-sectional surveys and qualitative telephone interviews were conducted in British Columbia, with adults and children at risk of experiencing an overdose. Participants were recruited by research assistants with lived/living knowledge of drug use. In multivariable research, smartphone use, and having recently experienced an opioid overdose were all positively associated with GSDOA knowledge.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00472-4


A study of the risk of mental retardation among children of pregnant women who have attempted suicide by means of a drug overdose

The mean dose of Tardylu00ae used for suicide attempts was 24 times higher than the usual therapeutic dose. In exposed children, the incidence of congenital abnormalities and intrauterine retardation was not higher than in sib controls. Mental retardation was not a risk of mental retardation among the components of Tardylu00ae used separately during a suicide attempt during pregnancy. Hence, the high doses of Tardylu00ae associated with mental retardation may have been due to the interaction of its three drug components. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study revealed that high doses of a drug containing three components could be closely linked to a significant risk of mental retardation without any structural abnormalities, despite the fact that neither of these three components alone was not associated with this adverse effect.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v4i1.85


The context of illicit drug overdose deaths in British Columbia, 2006

Abstract Background Illicit drug overdose deaths are linked to individual drug dose and setting of use, as well as use with other medications and alcohol. IDD hit a high in British Columbia in 1998, killing 417 people in a row, and it remains a public health issue. Methods IDD data was obtained through the BC Coroners Office and entered into SPSS. Vancouver decedents were older and more likely to be male. For 19 deaths, 13 of 43 females and 6 of 18 males were reported as a result of a provincially Aboriginal ethnicity; 13 of 43 females and 6 of 180 males were killed; a total of 19 deaths was recorded. In 34. 5% of deaths, poly-substance use was common, with 2 chemicals identified in 43. 8% and 3 or more. Opiates were more frequent in Vancouver than in Vancouver than out of Vancouver p = 0. 015. Poly-substance use should be investigated more to enhance public health interventions.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-6-9


Estimated drug overdose deaths averted by North America's first medically-supervised safer injection facility.

BACKGROUND: Illicit drug overdose remains the most common cause of premature death in urban environments around the world. We performed sensitivity analyses using non-fatal overdose rates of 50, 200, and 300 per 1,000 person years, Owing to the large number of non-fatal overdose rates reported in the literature. The number of averted deaths in the study period was between 50. 9 & 12. 6; 8. 4 respectively, equal to 1. 9 to 11. 7 averted deaths per annum. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: The potential for 8 and 51 deaths in the SIF during the study period may have ranged from 6% to 37% of the total overdose prevalence in the neighborhood during the study period, based on a conservative estimate of the local ratio of non-fatal to fatal overdoses.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003351

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions