Advanced searches left 3/3

Drug Overdose - Crossref

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 13 July 2022

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Predicting accidental drug overdose as the cause of fatality in near real-time using the Suspected Potential Overdose Tracker (SPOT): public health implications

Abstract Background The most effective responses to the rapidly spreading drug overdose epidemic require accurate and timely drug overdose surveillance data. Methods SPOT was developed to quickly identify overdose deaths by using a simple and duplicable procedure that was based on death investigators' data. Each death is given a score from 1 to 3 based on the likelihood of it being an accidental drug overdose, with 1 representing the highest chance that the death will be confirmed as unintentional drug overdose and 3 representing the lowest. We investigated the reliability of the software for predicting overdose deaths in New York City from 2018 to 2020 by comparing overdose deaths in the city from 2018-2020, which were identified using SPOT to finalized death certificates. SPOT can be used by health departments, epidemiologists, public health services, and others to track overdose deaths before death certificate results are published.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13700-0


Clinical Profile and Outcomes of Poisonings and Drug Overdose at King Saud Medical City

A substantial number of emergency room visits are due to poisoning and heroin overdose. Any patient aged more than 15 years who came to King Saud Medical City's Emergency Department told them a more representative sample. With a mean age of 33 years, Saudi nationals with a mean age of 33 years were Saudi nationals with a mean age of 33 years. Paraphrasedoutput: In 12% of the cases, paramol overdose accounted for 12% of the cases, while alcohol accounted for 10. 2%. More than half of our patients had mixed drug poisoning or unidentifieable poisoning, with others suffering mixed drug poisoning or unidentifiedable poisoning. The maximum blood pressure reading in the benzodiazepine overdose group was 221/149 mmHg. In all patients, the respiratory rate was within the normal range. Mortaliyu was below 1%. Conclusion: Drug overdose is a common cause of emergency room visits and hospital admissions in hospitals. Paraphrasedoutput: Paramamol was the most common cause of identifiable drug overdose, followed by Alcohol ingestion. These days, mixed poisoning involving mutiple medications was very common.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.47191/ijpbms/v2-i7-03


The Role of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) in Addressing the Opioid Overdose Epidemic

Prescription drug monitoring services are secure, online, state-based databases that contain information about controlled substance prescriptions written by physicians and distributed by pharmacists in a region. PMDP data can also be used in drug courts and other criminal diversion services, according to law enforcement officers. Health services, insurers, and public health officials use aggregated PDMP data to determine whether or not a city, county, or state will have to identify a quality improvement initiative, an opioid stewardship scheme to increase opioid prescribing scheme-wide, or state wide.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190056810.003.0022


Endocrine, obstetric, and drug overdose emergencies

This chapter addresses particular endocrine, obstetric, and heroin overdose situations that necessitate admission to the critical care unit. Finally, the administration of drug overdose and toxic substance ingestion from initial examination and immediate resuscitation to specific antidotes and supportive therapies is described.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199696260.003.0014


Dual public health crises: the overlap of drug overdose and firearm injury in Indianapolis, Indiana, 2018–2020

Abstract Background Drug overdose and firearms poisoning are two of the country's most persistent public health crises, both of which have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. While accounting for neighborhood characteristics, the goal is to determine whether drug overdose correlates with and is associated with firearm injury at the census tract level. Within spatial clusters, there is a bivariate relationship between census tract characteristic and opioid overdose and firearms fatality. To determine if the drug overdose prevalence is related to increased future firearms injuries, a zero-inflated negative binominal regression was used. Compared to citywide averages, high overdose prevalence in high overdose among firearms census tracts, rates of firearms abuse, and opioid overdose are two times higher than average. Interventions to minimize firearms injury and drug overdoses could be a co-response in high drug overdose rates in high firearms abuse-u2014high firearms injury populations.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40621-022-00383-9


Fatal Cisplatin Overdose in the Treatment of Mediastinal Lymphoma with the ESHAP Regimen – Analysis of the Causes of the Adverse Drug Event

Cisplatin is a chemotherapeutic agent that may cause acute organ toxicity. Case Report: The authors explore the case of a 33-year-old woman who was treated for lymphoma with the ESHAP program, who died of a cisplatin overdose. U2013 partial hearing loss u2013 after the administration of the last dose of the drug on day 4 of the chemotherapy program. The patient died 18 days after receiving the last dose of cisplatin. The information on cisplatin dosage had been derived from a vague hint in a clinical oncology textbook: u2018100 mg/m 2 continuous i. v. On each of the four days of therapy, the patient was given 100 mg/m 2 on each of the four days of therapy. Conclusion: When preparing a medication regimen, special care must be taken; the medication must be reviewed by an experienced physician and verified by the nursing staff; special precautions must be taken. The patient should be screened for signs of cisplatin intoxication.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1159/000346677


Clarifying major risk factors in suicide attempts by subjects with drug overdose using machine learning: A retrospective study

Detailed description: Suicidal attempts by psychotic drug overdose are a typical explanation for the emergency ward consultation. Suicide and the psychiatric perspective have been well researched, but the study into the prevalence and direction of the patients' U2019 background factors and their associations was not well researched. The current research aims to investigate whether one event correlates with another in patient risk factors with suicide attempts as a result of drug overdose by machine learning methods. Patients who experienced suicide from January 2015 to April 2018 were included in the study. Patients with cancer, patients who attempted suicide by other means, including wrist cutting, hanging, and jumping were excluded from the study, and 101 patients who overdosed on psychotic drugs were included in the study. We analyzed participants' demographic and medical characteristics by the SAD PERSONS scale and used association rules analysis to determine association rules analysis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1631385/v1


Relationship between Prescribing and Risk of Opiate Overdose among Drug Users in and out of Maintenance Treatment

Opiate overdose sufferers from southern England, Glasgow, and Edinburgh were interviewed about opiate overdose. The u2018methadone + diazepamu2019 group reported more lifetime and deliberate overdoses, while the u2019 methadone only*u2019 group was more likely to have used multiple drugs at the time of their last overdose, and the u2018no prescription only used heroin. Drug users'u2019 overdose risk may differ as a result of their prescribed and non-prescribed drug use.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1159/000073724


FDA Approval: Uridine Triacetate for the Treatment of Patients Following Fluorouracil or Capecitabine Overdose or Exhibiting Early-Onset Severe Toxicities Following Administration of These Drugs

The FDA approved Uridine triacetate for emergency treatment of adult and pediatric patients following a fluorouracil or capecitabine overdose, and those who have early-onset, severe, or life-threatening toxicity affecting the cardiovascular or central nervous system, and/or early onset, adverse reactions within 96 hours following the discontinuation of fluorouracil or capecitabine administration were observed within 96 hours following the conclusion of fluorouracil or capecitabine treatment Uridine triacetate was not approved for use in a nonemergent therapy of adverse reactions related to fluorouracil or capecitabine because it reduces the efficacy of these drugs, and its safety and effectiveness of these drugs have yet to be established more than 96 hours after discontinuation of administration of these medications has not been established.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.ccr-16-0638


Ethical by Design: Engaging the Community to Co-design a Digital Health Ecosystem to Improve Overdose Prevention Efforts Among Highly Vulnerable People Who Use Drugs

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic caused significant structural differences that exacerbated health inequities among people at risk of overdose. Some of these challenges can be overcome by digital health technologies, but in the design and dissemination process, they often fail to include people who use opioids and community key stakeholders. Methods The current research used community-engaged inquiry methods to design and implement a digital platform to increase overdose detection among Texas harm reductionists. Participants stressed the importance of establishing a joint framework of overdose reporting and data sharing among community groups within a county or region in order to better understand overdose surveillance and community outreach efforts. Discussion Community involvement during the design process is vital in the creation of digital health services for homeless people who use opioids. Community-based partners' engagement, particularly among people with lived experience in heroin use, a history of incarceration, or financial challenges, can be vital in creating equity in engagement among academic and industry partners. Our report details a multisectoral co-design process among community-academic-industry partners to develop a digital health tool that meets the specific needs of community-based harm reduction organizations serving extremely vulnerable people who use drugs. These partnerships are vital in generating change and minimizing health in highly vulnerable people who use opioids.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fdgth.2022.880849

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions