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Ptolemy's investigation of vision used several physical devices in comparison to older theorists in the Greek optical tradition, who almost exclusively relied on geometrical diagrams to articulate and explain vision. Ptolemy's operational definition of vision grew significantly beyond that of his predecessors, as he described several recently unexamined visual habits, including binocular vision, diplopia, and refraction. These devices did more than make new phenomena visible, making new ones visible; they also defined the conditions for what these phenomena looked like-sometimes to the point that their features merged with their visible behaviors. This essay, in general, discusses how investigation technologies can organize patterns of thought and naturalize certain physical claims, whether for the reasons that they explicitly refer to or those indirectly connected to their particular use cases.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsa.2022.06.011
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