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ABSTRACT The human gut is home to a large number of microorganis involved in many physiological functions and collectively referred to gut microbiota. Disrupted microbiome has been shown to poor health outcomes and may also promote enteric infections. To maintain their growth and longevity within the human digestive tract, gut microbes, and enteric pathogens, among other key polysaccharide compartments, namely dietary fibers and mucus carbohydrates, are essential. Multiple studies have shown that the three-way relationship between gut microbiota, nutritional fibers, and mucus layer could help to colonize the human digestive tract and ultimately lead to infection. The report begins by shedding light on similarities and differences between dietary fibers and mucus carbohydrate structures and functions. With a focus on gut microbial balance and impaired-mucus integrity, the investigation will then provide insights into the effectiveness of using dietary fibers interventions to reduce enteric infections.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/femsre/fuaa052
Gut microbiota has been found to maintain normal GI physiological function and has contributed to cerebral palsy through the gut-brain axis. Functional constipated children with cerebral palsy were found to have gastrointestinal fiber supplemented with probiotics in a experimental study. In addition, the intervention had affected cerebral palsy children on a general diet and liquid diet, as did the placebo group, indicating that longer intervention time should be considered for liquid diet children. This research not only shows that supplementation of dietary fiber mixed with probiotics can improve functional constipation in children with cerebral palsy, but also provides recommendations for a more effective intervention strategy for future studies, which will continue to benefit cerebral palsy children.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2022.1001789
SDF was obtained by using the combined microwave and enzymatic method in this research. SDF from grapefruit peel IDF, a crystalline form of cellulose type I crystal, was presented as a flat sheet with cracks, with excellent stability below 200 °C. Moreover, the GP-IDF-SDF was also outstanding in terms of water retention capacity, oil storage capacity, and glucose adsorption capacity. The effects of GP-IDF-SDF and commercial pectin addition on blueberry jam's color, rheology, texture, and sensory characteristics were compared later. The color of jam with GP-IDF-SDF was lighter, according to the findings. The addition of GP-IDF-SDF had less effect on jam's viscosity and gel strength, but it did improve jam's stability, which led to increased jam stability. According to sensory reports, the color, texture, and spreadability of jam with GP-IDF-SDF or pectin were enhanced and more acceptable.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11223735
In patients with CKD, we wanted to determine the appropriateness of u03b2 carotene and dietary fiber intake in patients with CKD. A cross-sectional review of patients with CKD in the Fukuoka Kidney Disease Registry database, a Japanese prospective cohort study of patients with CKD was conducted. Using analysis of covariance, the intake of u03b2 carotene and dietary fiber in CKD stages was investigated. Patients with CKD had insufficient vegetable and fruit intake, as well as a lack of u03b2 carotene and dietary fiber from vegetables and fruits, which was seen in patients with CKD.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-24471-4
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