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Climate Change - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 19 January 2023

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Climate change and the Western Himalayan community: Exploring the local perspective through food choices

Climate change adaptation is based on local belief systems. Even climate experts are unconvinced on the connection between local beliefs and climate change adaptation plans. In the face of climate change in the Western Himalayan Region, India, the aim of the study was to investigate the local community's contributions and knowledge of climate change, as well as the effects on local food choices affecting their food security. Hence, the new research, which will appear in the Himalayan Region's outcomes, emphasizes the integration and dissemination of both scientific findings and local knowledge for inclusive climate change adaptation and food security policies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-022-01810-3


Linking gender, climate change and security in the Pacific Islands Region: A systematic review

Most often gender analysis is superficial; there is limited literature that connects gendered inequities to historical legacies and structural inequalities; and women's vital roles that provide stability are often ignored and undervalued; and structural inequalities are often ignored and misvaluated. The Pacific Islands Region's study shows that more work is required to question perceived threats to defense and reveal how climate change, gendered structures, methods, and spaces, historical legacies, and politics interact to build stability.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-022-01813-0


The performance of protected-area expansions in representing tropical Andean species: past trends and climate change prospects

Based on species bioclimatic niche modeling, we investigate temporal trends in PA networks' success in tropical Andean countries, representing over 16,000 vertebrate and plant species. We use a randomization program to see whether representation gains over time are the predicted result of an expanding network's total area or the development of more efficient designed networks. Based on estimated species distributions in 2070, we also investigate the effect of climate change on protected-area representation based on projected species distributions in 2070. We found that PAs added in the last three to four decades were more effective at expressing species diversity than random additions overall. Species representation in PAs is expected to decline across PAs as a result of climate change, although PA expansions over the last decade more accurately represented species' future bioclimatic niches than did sites selected at random for most evaluated groups.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-27365-7


Common snowdrop as a climate change bioindicator in Czechia

Climate change response among species varies. In the urban area, the results revealed the fastest blooming of G. nivalis by u2212 0. 20 days per year, with u22121 in rural areas, and u2212 0. 11 day year u22121 in rural area. The study found that the start of flowering of G. nivalis closely related to the number of days with snow cover above 1 cm at both types of stations, maximum air temperature in January, and minimum air temperature in March were all related, according to the mean air temperature in February, maximum air temperature in January, and minimum air temperature in March. The Mann family's test revealed a decrease in the number of days with snow cover above 1 cm during a 99-year period at Klatovy station, u2212 1. 2 days per day, i. e. , by u2212 5. 94 days per year. As a result of climate change, our findings reveal significant changes in the start of flowering of G. nivalis in Czechia.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-023-02426-2


Assessment of climate change impacts on the hydrological response of a watershed in the savanna region of sub-Saharan Africa

The suitability of ensemble mean from Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment_Regional Climate Models for climate change impact assessment in N. . . . 's Central Hydrological Zone was tested in this study. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool model was successfully calibrated at the Kaduna sub-basin later this year. The water balance components generated at GWLs were compared to the baseline. Monthly streamflow for the dry and early rainy seasons is expected to decrease, with an increase in GWLs. Although there may be a shortage of water in the early rainy season, the flood event that is currently being experienced in the late rainy season could become more severe. Hence, adaptation plans that take care of water shortage in the early rainy season and excess in the late rainy season should be considered.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-023-04372-w


Future Climate Change Impact on the Streamflow of Mahi River Basin Under Different General Circulation Model Scenarios

Climate change has a major influence on the hydrological regimes and future climate projections. For quantitative analysis of changes in the surface water regime, integration of a climate model with a physical based model is crucial. The climate data was integrated with the SWAT model to assess the potential effects of climate change on MRB discharge. According to the measurement results of mean monthly streamflow in the rainy season, the lowest and highest streamflow changes would be ranging from 631. 07 to 513. 48 m3/s as reported by ensemble mean in the near future, according to INMCM-4, 491. 71 m3/s measured by ensemble mean to 513. 06 m3/s observed by ensemble mean in the near future. Proposed precipitation, temperature, and streamflow accaccation results in the river basin may be able to identify effective adaptation strategies for minimizing climate change's impacts and setting forth long-term water resource management strategies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-022-03372-1


Mineral dust aerosol impacts on global climate and climate change

Dust influences the global energy budget by several Earth system interactions, contributing to various global energy budgets. The dust net cools the atmosphere, according to a recent report that the total impact of dust interactions on Earth's global energy budget is u22120. 2 0. 5 W mu22122. Global dust mass loading has increased 5 % since pre-industrial times, largely due to increases in dust from Asia and North Africa, leading to changes in Earth's electricity budget. Climate models and climate assessments confirm that current climate models and climate assessments do not reflect the recent rise in dust and subsequently block the resulting radiative force, prompting climate change forecasts and assessments of climate vulnerability. Further work is therefore required to limit the radiative effects of dust on climate and improve the representation of dust in climate models.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s43017-022-00379-5


Tree ecophysiology in the context of climate change

U201d's tree ecophysiology in the context of global climate change — U201d's editorial, review, and 22 original research papers in this Special Issue include ecophysiological studies, experiments, results, and modeling in the context of global climate change.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11676-023-01596-4


Climate change adaptation behaviour of forest growers in New Zealand: an application of protection motivation theory

Climate change is predicted to have major impacts on New Zealand's forestry industry. This paper uses the protection motivation model to determine socioeconomic factors influencing forest growers'u2019 adaptation to climate change. This paper uses the protection motivation theory to identify socio-psychological factors influencing forest growers' adaptation to climate change. This report presents the survey results from 60 forest growers who share joint responsibility for planting more than 70% of New Zealand's plantation forests. Based on our survey, risk reduction and risk spreading are the two types of protective measure commonly used by the respondents to cope with climate risks. This study gives policy makers, researchers, and forest companies tips on how to make climate change adaptation campaigns more fruitful by considering the forest growers' motivation to adapt to climate change.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-022-03469-x


Multifaceted characteristics of summer heat and affected population across China under climate change

Excessive heat can cause discomfort, exhaustion, and even death to humans. We investigate the multifaceted characteristics of summer heat and the affected populations in China using a composite heat index based on meteorological data and the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 climate models. We remind you that HI is only valid if the maximum air temperature is above 26. 7 °u2103. With increasing heat days and severity from 1961 to 2014, China has seen an increasing heat days and severity, with more people affected by rising heat. Northwest China will see more extreme heat events, while southeastern China will face longer-lasting heat events with greater vigor.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-023-06671-4

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions