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Climate Change - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 19 September 2022

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Analysis of the impact of climate change on the distribution and active compound content of the plateau medicinal plant Nardostachys jatamansi (D. Don) DC

With time, the scale of distribution of N. jatamansi under various Shared Socio-economic Pathway scenario models would shift, according to this report. Habits of N. jatamansi habitats will decline in the future, according to the SDMs. By the 2061-2080s, China's most highly developed areas for N. jatamansi growth, according to the SSP5/u20138. 5 model, to 7. 73 percent5 u2074 kmu00b2 by the 2061-2080s period. The nardosinone content in N. jatamansi increased with increased biological suitability, according to this report, with the nardosinone content in highly recommended areas reaching 0. 6 percent. The expression of genes in the terpene synthesis pathway genes was significantly different between samples in several graded areas, according to a N. jatamansi's analysis of differential gene expression. Overall, these findings provide a basis for the conservation of N. jatamansi wildlands and the improvement of cultivated N. jatamansi.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607861934


Climate change mitigation potential of summer cowpea cover crops in Southern Australian cropping systems is limited

Changes in climate change are uncertain, and projecting SOC changes under climate change is vital because climate change is a primary factor of SOC dynamics, and projected changes in climate are uncertain. Further, projecting SOC changes can provide landholders with information about the danger involved with the use of cover crops to generate carbon credits considering the inherent variability of SOC changes under a changing environment. Sowing cover crops were unlikely to provide climate change mitigation due to reduced crop yields and Nu2082O emissions from the cover crop. The number of carbon credits earned by participating in the Australian government's emissions reduction initiative's soil carbon strategy differed widely throughout the region, with some sites not receiving any credits.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607859798


Smallholder farmers’ climate change adaptation practices contribute to crop production efficiency in southern Ethiopia

In the Lemo district of southern Ethiopia, the goal of this study was to determine the effects of smallholdersu2019 climate changeu2010smart adaptation methods on their crop production technical efficiency. Using Stochastic Frontier Analysis, we calculated smallholder farmers' climate change adaptation indices based on experts' reports and estimated the TE of the smallholder farmers in 2018 using Stochastic Frontier Analysis. Climate u2010smart agricultural techniques, such as terracing, crop diversification, improved soil amendment techniques, flexible planting or harvesting dates, and crop rotation have all been adopted by smallholder farmers in Lemo's Lemo district. With their TE averages of 11. 31, 8. 62, and 6. 7 percent for major crops, wheat, and teff, according to Eragrostis tef Zucc, the smallholder farm families on a larger scale were more economically effective than their peers with their TE averaging 11. 31, 8. 62, and 6. 7 percent. Overall, our report indicates a legislative change to support smallholder farmers' adaptation to climate change using climate change tactics for an efficient response to climate change, while increasing TE.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607715313


Modeled performance of forage mixtures and annual crops grown in eastern Canada under climate change

Timothy is expected to be more affected by climate change than other forage grasses, according to the experts. M. Feaescue (S. fescue), meadow fescue] in eastern Canada under future climate conditions. For two climatically different agricultural areas in eastern Canada, the Integrated Farm System Model was used for these projections under the reference, near future, and future climates. Annual forage dry matter yields of the four alfalfau2013grass mixes are expected to rise in both future seasons and in the colder region than in the warmer area. Tall fescue, meadow bromegrass, and meadow fescue are all viable alternatives to timothy grown in association with alfalfa under future climate conditions.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607715252


Agronomic approach to understanding climate change and food security

Climate change is affecting agricultural growth and the growing of crops grown around the world. Because the United States is the world's largest market food exporter, climate change changes in the United States have the ability to dramatically impact the global food supply. The concept of yield gaps, as the difference between potential yield and farm or actual yield, is used to describe progress in production, and provides a framework for evaluation of progress in production. Climate change will not only raise the yield gap in the future but also indirectly widen the yield gap by degrading the soil resource as a result of climate and management interactions. However, progress can only begin after agricultural markets are managed from a more holistic view of producing both quantity and quality of a more varied mix of agricultural crops that will ensure sustainability, equity, nutrition, and a secure food future.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607715248


Climate Change and Healthcare: A Complicated Relationship.

Climate change is a climate change epidemic with a major effect on human life. Healthcare is linked to climate change in a way that is not fully understood by many healthcare leaders; in fact, the industry produces a substantial amount of greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change. These links lead to greater resiliency in operations, lead attempts toward decarbonization, and stimulate climate action, among other things.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36066638


Citizen science helps predictions of climate change impact on flowering phenology: A study on Anemone nemorosa

Population databases that gather data on species occurrence are quickly expanding as a data source for global biodiversity research. We evaluated CS results' use in large-scale phenological studies on temperate forest understory species, using a common and widely distributed in Europe: Anemone nemorosa. For bootstrap estimation of flowering onset and offset, we found 177 15th grid cells with u226510 observations of flowering plants for bootstrap estimation. Through A. nemorosa natural range, we estimated flowering dates for the present and future climate. According to Shared Socioeconomic Pathways, over four global circulation models for 2040u201360 and 2080u201380 across A. nemorosa natural range predicted flowering dates for the present and future climate. The estimated flowering onset median was 24u201341 days earlier than expected for the new climate, although flowering offset median was 19u201334 days earlier than anticipated for the current climate. Our analysis revealed that CS could be a valuable database that allows for the construction of accurate plant phenology models.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607886658


Unravelling patterns of forest carbon stock along a wide elevational gradient in the Himalaya: Implications for climate change mitigation

Forest biomass and carbon stocks in mountainous areas in an era of climate change, quantifying forest biomass and carbon stock along elevation gradients in mountainous areas could be of immediate importance for carbon budgeting and forest management. Tree structural characteristics among the forest species were found to be significant differences. Our results show a strong positive correlation between DBH and height, but a highly negative relationship of stem density with DBH and height. Between 1750 and 3350 m elevation, we observed a larger basal area in the forest species, with the highest value found in Fir forest. Elevation had a significant effect on all of the forest tree structural variables, species richness, biomass, and carbon stock, as shown by this figure. Abies pindrow, belowground-, total biomass, and carbon stock in the forest types at a height above 1750 m. We found the most useful tree species for forest conservation and restoration in this Himalayan region, followed by Cedrus deodara and Pinus roxburghii. The fire most associated with the forest species dominated by P. roxburghii, stem cutting with those dominated by C. deodara, P. wallichiana, and A. pindrow, and grazing with the high-elevation forest types was found by a principal component analysis of anthropogenic disturbances. Overall, our research investigates the patterns of forest carbon stock distribution along a broad elevation gradient in this Himalayan region, which has immediate implications for climate change mitigation policy and practice in mountainous landscapes.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607860028


Analysis of the impact of climate change on grapevines in Turkey using heat unit accumulation-based indices.

Using Huglin index, Winkler index, and cool night index, the future effects of climate change on viticultural conditions in Turkey were predicted in this research. Under the RCP8. 5 scheme, HI, WI, and CI indices for the future period of 2022-2050 were calculated for Turkey at 10 km spatial resolution with the RegCM4. 4 model and compared to the 1972-2000 reference period. These categorical shifts in CI, HI, and WI suggest that there may be changes in the geographical pattern of grapevine species grown in Turkey, as well as the aroma and quality.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36114895


Genic distribution modelling predicts adaptation of the bank vole to climate change.

Pre-existing species variation provides the most likely path for many species to avoid future climate change, providing a fitness advantage under the new environment. Here we examine the potential role of haemoglobin variation in bank voles under future climate change. We model gene-climate relationships for two functionally distinct Hb species, HbS and HbF, which have a north-south distribution in the United Kingdom, establishing unusually tractable method that links genetic variability in physiology to geographic and temporal variation in climate.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36114276

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions