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This report sought to discover the livelihood status of the fishery-dependent communities in Bangladesh's South-West coast and how livelihood changes have arisen as a result of climate change. In two villages of Dacope upazila in Khulna District, the research was conducted. All the livelihood capitals and fishing communities are affected by the turbulent climatic variability. Increased amounts of cyclones and floods result in greater damage to fishing gear, livelihood assets, and lower fish catch. The study has found four specific ways of adaptation to climate change in those fishing communities where 71. 6 percent adopted livelihood diversification. Diversification of livelihoods included agriculture, fish trading, fish raising, and other examples of diversification observed in the study area due to climate change, but not always successful. Vol. No. 9, No. 9, No. 9, No.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.3329/ralf.v9i3.63970
The quantification of climate change mitigation actions is a highly useful exercise that can be used to achieve a variety of goals, such as setting policy design, increasing policy implementation, assessing policy effectiveness, justifying budget allocation, and raising climate funds. Climate change related data is also a reporting requirement under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Monitoring Mechanism Regulations of the European Union on climate change and climate change related data, according to the reporting framework of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Monitoring Mechanism of the European Union. The proposed frame-work could be used by EU Member States, but also by other non-EU countries, to improve climate change related reports to European Commission and UN bodies. It was also possible to assess the effect of implemented policies and programs for historical years using the methodologicalframework for Greece as a case study, but also to forecast the effects of proposed,adopted, and planned policies for future years.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.13052/spee1048-4236.391411
Climate change policies are often lacking, and climate change policies are generally encouraged. It's difficult to determine the effectiveness of investment decisions that screen companies based on environmental criteria to minimize climate change risk because physical hazards have yet to fully developed, and climate change policies are often vague. Screening companies based on environmental ratings and carbon footprint—and firms with a high environmental ranking—does not do any better than those with a low environmental ranking, according to the risk-adjusted return on two more cost-based investing strategies—reaching firms based on environmental ratings and carbon footprint—did not do any better than those with a poor environmental rating.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.17016/feds.2022.073
This paper provides a stylized version of bank risku201cdouble materiality to help clarify the concept of u201cdouble materiality, u201d the fact that supervisory officials should consider both the risks faced by climate change and the consequences of a bank's climate change policies.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.17016/feds.2022.066
This paper examines climate change and natural language processing in a large corpus of central bank speeches in order to highlight those related to climate change. Climate change has accelerated dramatically in recent years, according to most. The majority of central bank intervention tends to revolve around detecting and reporting potential dangers to the financial system. Lastly, we find that central banks tend to use speculative words more often when discussing climate change relative to other topics.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.17016/feds.2022.031
We investigate how corporate loan rates are affected by climate change-related natural disasters. We develop granular measures of borrowers' exposure to natural disasters in the United States and then disentangle the immediate consequences of disasters from lenders' expectations of future disasters.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.17016/ifdp.2022.1345
This paper provides a stylized framework to consider how climate change's financial risks could change with a regulatory capital regime. When considering policy implications, we show that being precise about how climate change will influence bank loss generation efforts and being specific about the particular policy goal is extremely important. Although climate change could have an effect on the regulatory capital regime in various ways, an internally cohesive strategy would need a strong connection between specific assumptions and beliefs about how financial risks could manifest as bank losses and goals that regulators are pursuing.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.17016/feds.2022.068
This paper explores how physical climate changes influence companies' financial success and organizational risk management in global supply-chains. Weather shocks at supplier locations, we reported, interrupting the supplier's and their customers' operational efficiency. Customers are 6-11% more likely to end current supplier-relationships if realized shocks exceed ex-ante expectations: customers are 6-11% more likely to discontinue existing supplier-relationships when realized shocks meet ex-ante expectations.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.17016/feds.2022.056
I explore how natural disasters can exacerbate fiscal insecurity and spark sovereign defaults. I extend a standard sovereign default model to include disaster risk and calibrate it to a sample of seven Caribbean countries that are regularly hit by hurricanes. I find that disaster risk reduces the government's ability to issue debt and that climate change reduces access to financial markets.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.17016/ifdp.2020.1291r1
Eelgrass is one of the most widespread species of seagrass species spanning a remarkably wide range of environmental conditions. To characterize population structure, gene flow, and adaptation of 23 elgrass populations ranging from the Northeast United States, to Atlantic, subarctic, and Pacific Canada, we used a pooled whole-genome re-sequencing strategy. Over 500,000 SNPs were found in the study area, with six broad clades of eelgrass found across the study area, with pairwise FST ranging from 0 among neighboring populations to 0. 54 between Pacific and Atlantic coasts. We found that subarctic populations are more vulnerable to climate change in the absence of genomic offset forecasts than those using redundancy estimates and two climate change forecast scenarios. Achieving representative populations from each identified clade are included within a national network to ensure latent genetic diversity is maintained while genetic diversity is protected, and gene flow is maintained.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.22541/au.167291318.80887192/v2
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