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Chromium - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 17 August 2022

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Chromium polynicotinate inclusion in the diet affects growth, feed utilization, and chromium retention in Japanese seabass Lateolabrax japonicas fed a low protein starch-based diet

" This study investigated the impacts of supplements with dietary chromium polynicotinate on the development, tissue chromium retention, and feed use in juvenile Japanese seabass Lateolabrax japonicus. Each diet plan was fed for 10 weeks to triplicate groups of seabass with an initial body weight of 9. 35 \ u00b1 0. 79 g. Fish fed diet regimens supplemented with 5 and 10 mg kg \ u207b \ u00b9 Cr-Nic had a dramatically greater specific development rate compared to fish fed all other diets other than those fed a diet regimen with 20 mg kg \ u207b \ u00b9 Cr-Nic. Fish fed 5 or 10 mg Cr-Nic kg \ u207b \ u00b9 diets had a significantly higher feed effectiveness and protein effectiveness proportion, however dramatically lower feed intake compared to fish fed a 42% CP-control diet plan. Evaluation of SGR and FE by second-order regression showed that the ideal degree of Cr-Nic supplementation for L. japonicas was 6. 4 \ u20139. 5 mg kg \ u207b \ u00b9 diet regimen. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607825977


High Energy Density Chelated Chromium Flow Battery Electrolyte at Neutral pH.

" High concentration procedure of redox flow batteries is essential for increasing their energy storage capacity, however non-acidic electrolytes battle to accomplish the high focus of metal ions dissolved in acid, limiting the growth of energy-dense neutral pH electrolytes. With extended full cell cycling, we show the value of buffer option and pH when using the Fumasep E-620 membrane. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35972999


Effects of dietary supplementation of chromium methionine chelate on growth performance, oxidative stress, hematological indices, and carcass traits of broiler chickens.

" This study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional effects of chromium methionine chelate on development performance, oxidative stress specifications, blood biochemistry and biology, and carcass qualities of griddle hens. An experiment was performed on 34,000 1-day-old straight-run broiler chicks at a commercial ranch. The chicks were separated randomly into 3 groups; the first group contained 17,000 birds, which used as a control, whereas the 2nd and 3rd groups was composed of 7000 and 10,000 birds, respectively, with 5 reproduces per group. The birds were fed the experimental diet regimens consisting of graded degrees of Cr-Meth chelate: 0, 50, and 100 g/ton. It was found that Cr-Meth boosted the body weight, weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion proportion of broilers. The chelated chromium can relieve the oxidative standing of birds by increasing the plasma glutathione peroxidase task and reducing the product malondialdehyde level. It was observed that the impacts of 100 g/ton Cr-Meth chelate on efficiency indices, mortality rate, and oxidative stress criteria were better than that of 50 g/ton incorporation rate. Supplementation of Cr-Meth increased the overall protein level, however lowered the glucose, total cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations in the blood lotion. Chromium can be consisted of in diets of broilers at a rate of 200 to 400 ppb, and the higher concentration was more reliable than the lower one. It can be suggested to use Cr-Meth chelate in griddle diet regimens at 100 g/ton to improve the productive efficiency and lower the oxidative stress of birds. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35972572


Dearomative Aminocarbonylation of Arenes via Bifunctional Coordination to Chromium.

" Amides are ubiquitous in physical and life sciences. Provided the significant wealth of arenes, dearomative aminocarbonylation of arenes would lead to a large and underexplored chemical space for amide exploration. Here, we reveal unmatched dearomative trifluoromethylative aminocarbonylation of arenes by means of bifunctional coordination to chromium, offering a modular platform for the building and construction of amides possessing trifluoromethyl groups and three-dimensional rings. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35972406


Individual and combined effects of chromium and ultraviolet-B radiation on defense system, ultrastructural changes, and production of secondary metabolite psoralen in a medicinal plant Psoralea corylifolia L.

" The eUV-B and Cr individually and in combination showed the variable responses on biomass, ultrastructure and physiology however, the effect was more popular under private Cr treatment adhered to by Cr + eUV-B and eUV-B. Higher bioconcentration element and the decreased translocation element as a result caused a higher reduction in the below ground biomass and the minimal reduction in above ground biomass under Cr + eUV-B treatment as contrasted to private Cr treatment. Deposition of Cr as electron thick granules in the cytoplasm, vacuoles, and cell wall under Cr and Cr + eUV-B is pondered as one of the cellular mechanisms of P. corylifolia versus the toxicity of Cr. Taken together our outcomes accentuated that P. corylifolia can be grown in an area infected with Cr and has a higher increase of UV-B for the accomplishment of psoralen considering its pharmaceutical viewpoints. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35971049


Elevated CO 2 differentially mitigates chromium (VI) toxicity in two rice cultivars by modulating mineral homeostasis and improving redox status.

" On the other hand, the expected increase in the future CO 2 degrees would improve plant growth under diverse development conditions. Nevertheless, the synergetic result of eCO 2 has not been examined at both biochemical and physiological degrees in Cr-contaminated soil. This research intends to assess the mitigating impact of eCO 2 on Cr VI phytotoxicity in 2 rice cultivars. The present study brings the very first detailed assessment of how future eCO 2 differentially minimized Cr poisoning in rice. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35964713

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions