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Familial atrial fibrillation is an inheritable abnormality of the heart's normal rhythm. Atrial fibrillation also raises the risk of stroke and sudden death. Atrial fibrillation is a common condition, but some people with this heart disease have no health issues due to the condition.
The body is unable to eliminate excess cholesterol from the body, and it builds up in the blood in people with familial hypercholesterolemia. A person's risk of experiencing heart disease rises if they consume too much cholesterol. People with familial hypercholesterolemia are at a high risk of experiencing a common heart disease called coronary artery disease in a young age. This condition occurs when excess cholesterol in the bloodstream is deposited on the inner walls of blood vessels, particularly the arteries that supply blood to the heart. The buildup of plaques in coronary arteries leads to angina-type chest pain and rises the risk of experiencing a heart attack. Familial hypercholesterolemia can also cause health problems related to excess cholesterol buildup in tissues other than the heart and blood vessels.
Primary spontaneous pneumothorax is an abnormal accumulation of air in the space between the lungs and chest cavity that may lead to the partial or complete loss of a lung. Small sacs of air in lung tissue that rupture, allowing air to leak into the pleural space, leading to primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Persons with this illness may have chest pains as a result of the collapsed lung and shortness of breath. Blebs can be present on an individual's lung for a long time before they rupture. Often, people who experience a primary spontaneous pneumothorax have no prior signs of illness; the blebs themselves are not associated with any signs and are only apparent on medical imaging. Affected people may have one bleb to more than 30 blebs.
Yao syndrome is a condition that causes bouts of fever and chronic inflammation in several areas of the body, particularly the skin, joints, and digestive system. Part of the immune system called the innate immune response is turned on abnormally in people with Yao syndrome, which causes fevers and inflammation-related damage to tissues and organs. Yao syndrome has been classified as an autoinflammatory disease in this course. Autoinflammatory diseases are distinct from infectious diseases; these two groups of disorders are linked to abnormalities in specific regions of the immune system. The symptoms of fever and inflammation associated with Yao syndrome can last several days and can range from weeks to months apart. About half of people with this disease have dry eyes and dry mouth. Mouth sores, chest pain, and enlargement of various glands are among the potential signs and symptoms of Yao syndrome. Yao syndrome is typically diagnosed in adulthood.
Microlithiasis in the lungs is a disorder in which tiny fragments of a chemical called calcium phosphate gradually accumulate in the tiny air sacs. People affected by chest pains may also experience chest pains after coughing, sneezing, or taking deep breaths. Pulmonary microlithiasis is typically diagnosed before age 40. Calcium phosphate deposits in other organs and tissues of the body, such as the kidneys, gallbladder, tests, and the valve that connects a large blood vessel called the aorta to the heart can also develop calcium phosphate deposits.
The lymphatic system in the body is comprised of a network of vessels that carry lymph fluid and immune cells throughout the body. LAM signs and symptoms most commonly appear during a woman's thirties. In the lungs, affected women have an overgrowth of abnormal smooth muscle-like cells, resulting in lung cyst formation and normal lung tissue destruction. Many women with this condition have recurrent episodes of collapsed lung. The lung disease conditions can progress, and without lung transplantation, it may lead to restrictions in daily life, the need for oxygen therapy, and respiratory difficulties. Although LAM cells are not cancerous, they can spread between tissues, and they can spread between tissues. The lymphatic vessels of the chest and abdomen could become cystic in women with LAM. Angiomyolipomas made up of LAM cells, fat cells, and blood vessels can also occur in affected women.
A heart disease that is characterized by thickening of the heart muscle, fibromyopathy is a heart disease. Thickening occurs in the interventricular septum, which is the muscular wall that separates the lower left chamber of the heart from the lower right chamber of the lower right chamber. In some individuals, thickening of the interventricular septum hinders the exchange of oxygen-rich blood from the heart, resulting in a strange heart sound during a heart beat and other signs and symptoms of the disease. Chest pain can be exacerbated by physical exertion; shortness of breath, particularly with physical strain; and fainting. Although most people with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy aresymptom-free or have only mild signs, chronic symptoms can have serious repercussions. Even if there are no signs of the disease, people with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have a higher risk of sudden death.
Tuberous sclerosis complex disorder also causes developmental difficulties, and the signs and symptoms of the condition vary from individual to individual. Tuberous sclerosis complex often affects the brain, with some patients experiencing benign growths in the brain's outer surface, such as cortical tubers. Individuals with tuberous sclerosis (TSC)-related neuropsychiatric disorders often exhibit a pattern of symptoms that mimic TSC-associated neuropsychiatric disorders. In addition, individuals with tubular sclerosis may have attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (or seizures). In people with tuberous sclerosis difficulties, kidney tumors are common; these tumors can cause serious kidney disease and could be life-threatening in some cases. Multiple women with tuberous sclerosis complex may have lymphangiomyomatosis, which is a lung disease that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and lung collapse, is a respiratory disease that causes tuberous sclerosis complex.
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