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Chest Pain - MedlinePlus Genetics

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Last Updated: 19 May 2022

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Familial hypercholesterolemia

A person's risk of experiencing heart disease rises as a result of excessive cholesterol intake. People with family history of hypercholesterolemia are at a high risk of experiencing coronary artery disease at a young age. This condition occurs when excess cholesterol in the bloodstream is deposited on the inner walls of blood vessels, particularly the arteries that supply blood to the heart. The buildup of plaques in coronary arteries leads to a form of chest pain called angina, and it greatly raises the risk of experiencing a heart attack. A familial hypercholesterolemia can also cause health problems related to the accumulation of excess cholesterol in tissues other than the heart and blood vessels. Cholesterol will also build on the eye's clear, front surface of the eye, resulting in a gray-colored ring called an arcus cornealis.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/familial-hypercholesterolemia


Familial atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation also raises the risk of stroke and sudden death. Atrial fibrillation syndrome can occur at any age, but some people with this heart disease have no health problems as a result of the condition.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/familial-atrial-fibrillation


Primary spontaneous pneumothorax

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax is an abnormal accumulation of air in the space between the lungs and the chest cavity that may lead to partial or complete lung loss. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax is most likely due to the rupture of small sacs of air in lung tissue that burst, allowing air to leak into the pleural space. Air in the pleural space puts pressure on the lung and can lead to its death. On the side of the defunct lung and shortness of breath, a person with this condition may experience chest pains. Many people who experience a primary spontaneous pneumothorax have no prior indication of disease; the blebs themselves have no signs and are only visible on medical imaging; Often, people who experience a primary spontaneous pneumothorax have no signs of illness; often, people with no apparent symptoms and are seen only on medical imaging. One bleb will be more than 30 blebs in a single affected individual.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax


Yao syndrome

Yao syndrome is a disease that causes episodes of fever and abnormal inflammation in many areas of the body, including the skin, joints, and intestinal system. Inflammation is a common immune system response to injury and foreign invaders. In people with Yao syndrome, an immune system called the innate immune response is turned on abnormally, causing fevers and inflammation-related damage to tissues and organs. Autoinflammatory diseases are distinct from autoimmune diseases; these two groups of illnesses cause abnormalities in particular areas of the immune system. The episodes of fever and inflammation related to Yao syndrome can last for several days and range from weeks to months apart. Mouth sores, chest pain, and enlargement of various glands are all typical signs and symptoms of Yao syndrome. Yao syndrome is most common in adulthood.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/yao-syndrome


Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

Microlithiasis in the lungs is a condition in which tiny fragments of a mineral called calcium phosphate gradually accumulate in the small air sacs. Many individuals with chest pains may also experience chest pains when coughing, sneezing, or taking deep breaths. Pulmonary microlithiasis is usually diagnosed before age 40. People with pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis can also have calcium phosphate deposits in other organs and tissues of the body, including the kidneys, gallbladder, test strips, and the valve that connects a large blood vessel called the aorta with the heart.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/pulmonary-alveolar-microlithiasis


Lymphangioleiomyomatosis

The lymphatic network is made up of a network of vessels that move lymph fluid and immune cells throughout the body. Lymph fluid helps exchange immune cells, proteins, and other substances between the blood and tissue. In the lungs, affected women have an abnormal smooth muscle-like cells overgrowth, which leads to lung cyst formation and normal lung tissue destruction. The lung abnormalities caused by LAM may cause difficulty breathing, chest pain, and coughing, which may lead to increased blood pressures. Many women with this disorder have recurrent episodes of bursting lung. Although LAM cells are not considered cancerous, they can spread between tissues, even though they are not considered cancerous. Women with LAM may have cysts in the lymphatic vessels of the chest and abdomen. Associated women can also develop tumors made up of LAM cells, fat cells, and blood vessels, as a result.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/lymphangioleiomyomatosis


Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

A cardiovascular hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is characterized by thickening of the heart muscle. Thickening occurs in the interventricular septum, which is the muscular wall that separates the lower left chamber of the heart from the lower right chamber of the lower right chamber. And within the same family, the signs of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are variable. Chest pain; shortness of breath; a sense of fluttering or pounding in the chest; lightheadedness; and fainting may be typical of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Although most people with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are symptom-free or have only mild signs, this disorder can have serious repercussions. Even if they have no other signs of the disorder, people with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have an elevated risk of sudden death.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/familial-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy


Tuberous sclerosis complex

Tuberous sclerosis complex also causes developmental difficulties, and the signs and symptoms of the disorder can vary from person to person. Tuberous sclerosis complex commonly affects the brain, with some affected individuals experiencing benign growths in the outer layer of the brain known as cortical tubers. Individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex also exhibit a pattern of activities that mimic TSC-associated neuropsychiatric disorders. In addition, people with tuberous sclerosis may have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or seizures. Kidney tumors are common in tuberous sclerosis patients; these growths may cause severe problems with kidney function and may be life threatening in some cases. Lymphomomyrosis, a lung disease caused by excessive accumulation of smooth muscle-like tissue in the lungs that leads to coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and lung collapse, is a lung disease characterized by uneven growth of smooth muscle-like tissue in the lungs that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and lung collapse.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/tuberous-sclerosis-complex

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions