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Chest Pain - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 19 May 2022

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Subxyphoid pleural drain confers lesser impairment in respiratory muscle strength, oxygenation and lower chest pain after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: a randomized controlled trial Dreno pleural subxifoide confere menor comprometimento da força muscular respiratória, oxigenação e menor dor torácica após cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio sem circulação extracorpórea: estudo controlado randomizado

OBJECTIVE: To assess respiratory muscle strength, oxygenation, and chest pain in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass using internal thoracic artery grafts comparing the subxyphoid region to the lateral area. METHODS: Forty patients were randomly divided into two groups in accordance with the pleural drain site's pleural drain location. Group II -pleural drain exteriorized in the intercostal space; group chest tube exteriorized at the subtropic region. All patients underwent examination of respiratory muscle endurance on the pre, 1, 3, and 5 postoperative days. On the pre and POD1 aerial blood gas analysis was done. Arterial blood gas analysis was done on the pre and POD1. POD stands for chest pain sensation, which was measured between 3,3 and 5 POD. RESULTS: In both groups until POD5, there was a drastic decline in respiratory muscle endurance. Both groups had poor blood oxygenation, but in the II, the oxygenation was lower. In the II group, the referred chest pain was between 1,3 and 5 POD. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing subpoena pleural drainage had less decrease in respiratory muscle endurance, improved blood oxygenation preservation, and reduced thoracic pain compared to patients with intercourse drain on early OPCAB postoperatives. MÉTODOS: Patients from Quarenta foram randomizados em dois grupos Grupo dreno pleural exteriorizado na regio intercostal; Grupo dreno pleural exteriorizado na subxifoidea; na regio subcostal; Grupo dreno pleural exteriorizado na regio subxifo; Grupo subm sublim do subm dois grupo e do em grupo parado do no do e subpa regio subcosto do e subdo do subm subs subphe subdo subphea do subdo subphe do na subdo do subpheta subphe subdo suba subphem dois subphes subio subphet No PO foram maiores no grupo II yaso tempo de intubaço orotraqueal.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5935/1678-9741.20120015


Sex and Race Differences in the Evaluation and Treatment of Young Adults Presenting to the Emergency Department With Chest Pain

We investigated sex and racial disparities in the diagnosis of chest pain among young adults presenting to the emergency department. Methods and Results In the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2014 to 2018, the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, which uses stratified sampling to produce national estimates. Before and after multivariable change, we investigated correlations between sex, ethnicity, and CP management. After multivariable change, people of color waited longer for physician evaluation than White adults, but there were no racial differences in hospital admission, triage level, electrocardiography, or cardiac biomarker tests. In 1. 4% of adults in the emergency department and 6. 5% of admitted adults, acute myocardial infarction was diagnosed. Conclusions Women and people of color with CP waited longer to be seen by doctors than traditional medical features, regardless of clinical findings.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.121.024199


The Etiology of Chest Pain in Children Admitted to Cardiology Clinics and the Use Echocardiography to Screen for Cardiac Chest Pain in Children

Most cardiac specialists use echocardiography to determine the etiology and screen for children's chest pains. paraphrasedoutput:Methods and Results The clinical findings of children with chest pain in pediatric cardiology clinics were analyzed, standardized, and evaluated the diagnostic value of echocardiography in screening cardiac chest pain in children were reviewed. We analyzed the clinical findings of children with chest pain in pediatric cardiology clinics from 2005 to 2019. paraphrasedoutput:Conclusion: Chest pain was generally harmless and seldom due to cardiac disorders in children with chest pain diagnosis. The sensitivity and specificity of echocardiography in the diagnosis of cardiac chest pain were 6. 7 percent and 96. 9%, respectively, although the positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 12. 96 and 93. 6 percent.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2022.882022


Role of Coronary CT Angiography in the Evaluation of Acute Chest Pain and Suspected or Confirmed Acute Coronary Syndrome

Using coronary CT angiography, advancements in CT technology have resulted in enhanced visualization of the coronary anatomy in patients with stable coronary artery disease. According to recent studies, CCTA may play a role in higher risk patients, such as those in the emergency room with acute chest pain. In low-risk patients with acute chest pain, acute chest pains, as well as asthma patients using CCTA. CCTA's superior performance in detecting obstructive coronary artery disease in patients with ACS is detailed, as well as a review of the benefits of using CCTA in this setting.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.15420/usc.2021.30


Development and validation of a risk score for chest pain with suspected non‐ST‐segment elevation acute coronary syndrome

Abstract Purpose Objectives: Objectives The aim of this research is to investigate a new risk score for acute chest pain in the absence of apparent non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome. Patients were randomly selected as research subjects for Chest pain and suspected NSTEACS. Patients were sent different triage recommendations, and the risk score was retrospectively backed up. Conclusions A risk score may be a valuable tool for determining the risk of major adverse cardiac events and assisting patients with suspected NSTEACS in emergency departments.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1111/anec.12929


Sulodexide Significantly Improves Endothelial Dysfunction and Alleviates Chest Pain and Palpitations in Patients With Long-COVID-19: Insights From TUN-EndCOV Study

Application and ResultsWe hypothesized that Sulodexide, a purified glycosaminoglycan mixture with a beneficial endothelial function in arterial and venous peripheral diseases, could be helpful in a subset of patients with long COVID-19. The TUN-EndCOV study included 290 patients with long-COVID-19 signs and endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial function improvement was highly correlated with chest pain and palpitations recovery, and it helped with chest pain and palpitations recovery. ConclusionSulodexide reduces chest pain and palpitations, alleviating chest pain and palpitation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2022.866113


MRI findings of epipericardial fat necrosis: As a rare cause of acute chest pain in a healthy man

Epipericardial fat necrosis is a rare, harmless cause of acute chest pains that mimic life-threatening illnesses, such as acute coronary syndrome. We're a news about a 37-year-old, healthy male who came to the emergency department with sudden-onset pleuritic chest pain after an isometric physical therapy regimen. Magnetic resonance imaging studies may help physicians distinguish EPFN from severe and life-treating disorders.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2022.04.013


The potential of new prediction models for emergency medical dispatch prioritisation of patients with chest pain: a cohort study

When evaluating patients with chest pain, the goal is to develop emergency medical dispatch center prediction software with high sensitivity and specificity to help identify high-priority patients and patients suitable for non-emergency care respectively. Methods Observational cohort study of 2917 unselected patients with chest pain who visited an EMD center in Sweden due to chest pain during 2018. 0. 79 and 0. 74 for the low-risk prediction model were in the region under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for the high-risk prediction model, respectively. In both high-risk and low-risk forecasts, the latest prediction tools outperformed today's dispatch priority accuracy in terms of sensitivity, as well as positive and negative predictive value in both high- and low-risk forecasts. Compared to today's average, the low-risk model predicted almost six times as many patients as having low-risk conditions than the current standard. This will lead to a more effective emergency medical services resource allocation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-022-01021-5


The use of the biomarker “copeptin” for the diagnosis of acute chest pain in the Emergency Department

We found that the diagnosis of AMI is more often associated with copeptin positive results than diagnoses NCCP and UA, rather than comparing copeptin levels. The final diagnosis for AMI was AMI, with around a quarter of our patients in whom the combination of copeptin and troponin in the first blood sample was negative.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4081/ecj.2011.3.9

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions