Advanced searches left 3/3

Cell Carcinoma - Wiley Online Library

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 10 January 2023

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Transcriptomic Analyses Reveal Three Distinct Molecular Subgroups of Merkel Cell Carcinoma with Differing Prognoses

Merkel cell carcinoma is a cutaneous neuroendocrine tumor with poor prognosis and unidentified cell of origin. Prothelial stem cells of the hair follicular epidermis, dermal stem cells, and pro/pre/u2010B cells are among the origins of the hair follicle or interfollicular epidermis, dermal stem cells, and pro/preu2010 or pre-u2010B cells of origins. MCC's heterogeneous nature was investigated by investigating the most closely expressed genes with the intention of finding gene expression patterns that are either clinically relevant or have implications regarding the cell of origins. The functions of three gene clusters with notably differing expression among samples were determined by cross-u2010 comparing gene lists of genes with online databases. Merkel cell polyomavirus (u2013positive tumors from MCPyVu2013positive tumors were associated with embryonic developmental processes and low expression of a gene cluster linked to neuroendocrine processes.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijc.34425


Loss of CBX2 causes genomic instability and Wnt activation in high grade serous ovarian carcinoma cells

High grade serous ovarian carcinoma is lethal, with insidious onset, rapid progression, poor prognosis, and a lack of treatment options. Polycomb repressor complexes 1 and 2 are closely involved in the development of several forms of cancer, including HGSOC. CBX2 destabilization, leading to increased spontaneous chromosomal breaks and the tendency to polyploidy, as well as disruption of cell cycle, which culminated in significant cell death in stalled G2/M transition and caused serious cell death. One of the possible explanations to the TCF7L1 rise in OVCAR4u2010CBX2KO clones is the removal of TCF7L1 coreu2010promoter region occupied by CBX2. The depletion of CBX2 cell line derived tumor growth by a subcutaneous tumor model has been further demonstrated by the subcutaneous tumor model, which has further confirmed that depletion of CBX2 suppressed tumor formation. In primary ovarian cancer tissue related to advanced clinical stage, poor overall survival, and progression free survival in HGSOC, there is a score of CBX2 in primary ovarian cancer tissue associated with improved clinical outcome, poor overall survival, and progression free survival. Overall, our findings indicated that CBX2 was a promising prognostic factor and therapeutic target in HGSOC.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mc.23500


Concomitant nivolumab associated Grover disease and bullous pemphigoid in a patient with metastatic renal cell carcinoma

Obesity and Grover disease caused by u2010's bullous pemphigoid and Grover disease are rare, and concomitant GD and BP are rarer still. We present a third case of concomitant BP and GD related to nivolumab, focusing on the clinical, histopathologic, and immunofluorescence results as well as differential diagnoses. On nivolumab, a 73-year-old male with metastatic renal cell carcinoma on nivolumab developed erythematous papules on the trunk, demonstrating suprabasal acantholysis with dyskeratosis, consistent with GD. The patient was diagnosed with concomitant GD and BP after nivolumab and was promptly treated with dupilumab. The relationship between ICI-u2010induced GD and BP is not well understood; Tu2010cell activation of the BP180 antigen expressed on the surface of tumor cells has been speculated to predispose vulnerable individuals to BP. a subpoena in ICu2010induced GD can result in keratinocyte injury, which could lead to autoimmunity.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cup.14383


A case of refractory pelvic squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary that responded to nivolumab

Unknown primary cancer is a heterogeneous group of metastatic tumors with a typically unfavorable prognosis. A 33-year-old female was diagnosed with pelvic squamous cell carcinoma of unknown origin, a 33-year-old female of unknown origin. The tumor was p16u2010 positive, indicating that it was human papillomavirus u2010-related. Immediately after receiving the patient's CUP clearance in Japan, nivolumab was administered to the patient. The tumor responded to nivolumab, accompanied by decreased tumor markers, as a result of decreased amounts of tumor markers. A favorable response to nivolumab therapy may be attributed to a favorable reaction to nivolumab therapy.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jog.15548


Decursin inhibits EGFR‐ERK1/2 signaling axis in advanced human prostate carcinoma cells

Cell proliferation in DU145 cells declined by 49%u201387%, which was in association with robust G1 phase arrest and cell death, which was in keeping with our earlier report. The expression of Rbu2010-related proteins in p107 and p130 moderately increased the expression of Rbu2010related proteins, including E2Fu20104, and E2Fu20105. These cells were reduced by delination of cyclin-u2013 dependent prostate carcinoma 22Rv1 cells from 61% to 79%, and were arrested early in G1 phase by the introduction of cyclin-u2013dependent kinase inhibitor p27/Kip1 and downregulation of CDK2 and CDK4 protein expression. In addition, EGFR inhibitor erlotinib and EGF ligand activation ligand validated EGFR signaling as a source of decursin-mediated cell growth inhibition and cytotoxicity in u2010. In addition, decursin-induced cell growth inhibition and cell death in DU145 cells by combinatorial treatment of decursin and erlotinib has heightened DU145 cells for the decursinu2010induced growth inhibition and cell death.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pros.24482


RBM4 inhibits the growth of clear cell renal cell carcinoma by enhancing the stability of p53 mRNA

However, RBM4's role in clear cell renal cell carcinoma is unclear, although its role in clear cell renal cell carcinoma remains unclear. RBM4 expression in tumor samples of ccRCC was lower than that in normal samples, according to a TCGA database study, and RBM4 expression in tumor samples was closely related to patient survival time. Using CCK, EdU, flow cytometry, and wound-u2010healing assays, several cell lines were constructed to determine the effect of RBM4 on biological function. RBM4u2010oe enhanced the stability of p53 mRNA, providing the necessary mRNA in a mechanistically. RBM4 has been shown to delay the progression of ccRCC by promoting p53 signaling pathway function by increasing the stability of p53 mRNA, indicating that RBM4 may be a potential target for patient therapy.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mc.23499


HA15 inhibits BIP and enhances the efficacy of radiation therapy in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

The present study sought to identify potential biomarkers of radiation response in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients and find affordable therapeutic agents to improve radiation therapy's efficacy. The serum binding immunoglobulin protein was identified and validated as a treatment response predictor in ESCC patients treated with RT. By viability assay, Novel BIP inhibitor HA15 demonstrated antitumor activity in ESCC cells. HA15, an ER stress inducer and ICD stimulator, was effective in slowing BIP cancer formation in vitro and in vivo.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cas.15712


A case of extensively spreading acinic cell carcinoma of the breast with microglandular features

Acinic cell carcinoma is an extremely rare form of breast carcinoma with a low-u2010grade morphology and a favorable prognosis. The tumor had two distinct carcinoma components, one being multiple nodular lesions involving fused solid nests; the other, a widespread lesion with MGA-u2010like features with uniform single glands. This case supports the assertion that ACC and MGA have the same lineage, demonstrating that ACC is not necessarily a low-u2010grade malignancy and can be aggressive, although this isn't always a low-u2010grade malignancy.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pin.13302


Comparison of surgical complications after curative surgery in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma and sarcopenia

Background and Objectives of the study The aim of this research is to clarify the relationship between sarcopenia and perioperative and postoperative complications in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma patients undergoing curative surgery and to determine the reasons for OCSCC's poor oncologic outcomes. Methods We conducted a propensity score matching study to find the correlation between perioperative and postoperative outcomes in OCSCC patients with sarcopenia and no sarcopenia. Patients with a primary diagnosis of sarcopenia within the 12th month preoperative period were identified as the diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia diagnosis by at least two patients. Any one of the patient's attending orthopaedic physician, rehabilitation physician, family medicine specialist, or geriatrician could have diagnosed Sarcopenia by the measurement of low muscle mass and poor muscle mass. Conclusions Patients with sarcopenia may have more perioperative and surgical complications than those without sarcopenia.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jcsm.13162

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions