Advanced searches left 3/3

Cauliflower - DOAJ

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 10 January 2023

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Generation of doubled haploids in cauliflower

Hybrids of cauliflower are in high demand around the world due to their high yield potential, earliness, improved quality, and increased resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. On the other hand, doubled haploid manufacturing processes produce identical inbred lines in a single step. Hence, a research was conducted at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, to devise a procedure for the growth of doubled haploid lines in cauliflower. The ability to induce callus was highest in Jyoti followed by LS-2, and both genotypes differed significantly in the ability to induce callus, which was maximum in Jyoti and LS-2. Callus induction efficiencies were also higher on MS media+1. 5 mg/L NAA, with different media mixes also differing substantially. Maximum shooting regeneration was recorded in genotype Kartiki and LS-2 when cultured on MS media+3. 0 mg/L Kin. The remaining 33% were mixoploids, with 22. 2% being spontaneous doubled haploids, 27. 8% were spontaneous doubled haploids, 27. 8% were spontaneous doubled haploids, 27. 8% were spontaneous doubled haploids, 27. 8% were saploids, and 22. 2% were mixedoploids, and the remaining 33. 3 percent were mixoploids, according to a Ploidy review of root tips revealing that 22. 2 percent of root tips.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e12095


Warming-induced changes of broccoli head to cauliflower-like curd in Brassica oleracea are regulated by DNA methylation as revealed by methylome and transcriptome co-profiling

Flower production is a delicate process that is highly sensitive to ambient temperature, and rising temperatures can cause abnormal flower growth and greatly reduced the quality and yield of inflorescent vegetables and many other crops, including Brassica oleracea cv. Green Harmony F1, a broccoli cultivar whose floral production is stopped at inflorescence meristem or floral primordium stage, is a cauliflower-like curd or intermediate curd, instead of standard broccoli head at 16 u00b0C. The discovery of abnormal floral development in broccoli was aided by the fact that the temperature-induced suppression of genes was enhanced by the presence of genes from the warming temperature-induced suppression of genes by the DNA methylation inhibitor 5-azacytidine improved the broccoli growth to normalcy at warming temperatures. The study found new ways to grow broccoli and other crops in wider or warmer temperature zones.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s43897-022-00047-8


Construction of an SNP fingerprinting database and population genetic analysis of 329 cauliflower cultivars

Abstract Cauliflower is one of the world's most popular vegetable crops grown. This research aims to produce DNA fingerprints for 329 cauliflower cultivars based on SNP markers and the KASP method. A total of 1662 candidate SNPs were obtained from nearly 17. 9 million SNP loci after stringent filtering. To obtain ideal SNP marker sets from the candidates, we developed a service for in silico simulations on 153 key germplasm samples. Finally, 41 highly polymorphic KASP markers were selected and used to identify 329 cauliflower cultivars, mainly obtained from the public market. Lastly, fingerprints of the 329 cultivars and 2D barcodes containing the sample's genetic information were generated. The new cauliflower cultivars' fingerprinting database developed in this research provides a handy tool for determining the authenticity and purity of cauliflower seeds as well as valuable genetic information about the latest cauliflower cultivars.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-022-03920-2


Glucosinolates and Polyphenols of Colored Cauliflower as Chemical Discriminants Based on Cooking Procedures

For orange and violet cauliflower, the effect of mild oven treatments and boiling for ten minutes, 25 mins, or 40 min was investigated. Regardless of cooking time, a clear separation of cooked samples obtained using different methods was achieved, demonstrating the consistent effect of cooking techniques on sample phytochemical profile. The boiling process had a major effect on violet cauliflower's phytochemicals, according to the orange cauliflower boiled samples, who were divided into raw and either steamed or sous-vide cooked samples.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11193041


Exogenous Proline, Methionine, and Melatonin Stimulate Growth, Quality, and Drought Tolerance in Cauliflower Plants

Compared to untreated plants, the obtained results showed that proline, methionine, and melatonin significantly raised leaf area, leaf chlorophyll content, leaf relative water content, leaf relative water content, reduced sugar, and non-reducing sugar under drought-stressed conditions. These treatments also significantly improved curd height, curd diameter, lemongrass, and dry matter when compared to untreated plants. The foliar application of proline, methionine, and melatonin, according to later, may be a viable option for improving cauliflower's growth and productivity under drought-stressed conditions.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12091301


Isothiocyanate-Rich Extracts from Cauliflower ( Brassica oleracea Var. Botrytis) and Radish ( Raphanus sativus ) Inhibited Metabolic Activity and Induced ROS in Selected Human HCT116 and HT-29 Colorectal Cancer Cells

This study was conducted to determine the effects of cauliflower and radish isothiocyanate extracts on selected human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells' metabolic function, intracellular reactive oxygen species, and LDH production of selected human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. The CIE samples contained the most allyl isocyanate contents, while RIE was the most abundant in benzyl isothiocyanate. Both extracts effectively reduced HCT116 and HT-29 metabolic activity, but the CIE effect was greater than that of RIE on HCT116 and HT-29. BITC demonstrated the highest silico binding affinity with all of the tested colorectal cancer molecular markers, with all of the tested colorectal cancer molecular markers.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192214919


Preservation of postharvest quality of fresh cut cauliflower through simple and easy packaging techniques

These demands can be satisfied with fresh cut vegetables and fruits as healthy alternatives. Consequently, the aim is to investigate the effect of various forms of modified atmosphere packaging and vacuum packaging during storage at low temperatures on FC cauliflower's postharvest quality during low temperature storage. Potato and surface water free cauliflower pieces were packed into various packaging styles, including i. without packaging; i. without packaging; ii. More than 8 ratings were obtained by all types of packed FC cauliflowers on the 10th day of storage and sensory quality in case of overall acceptability and sensory quality, so control/unpacked FC cauliflower received 4. 4 scores that indicate unacceptable by the customer's choice. In the case of total acceptability, vacuum packed FC cauliflower scored 7. 5 points, while the rest of the packed FC cauliflowers scored around 4 on the 20th day of storage in case of overall acceptability.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.afres.2022.100125


Purification of Sewage Wastewater though Sand Column Filter for Lessening of Heavy Metals Accumulation in Lettuce, Carrot, and Cauliflower

The current study was designed to determine the results of a sand column filter for the removal of heavy metals from sewage wastewater applied to select vegetables. The number of leaves, young and dry weights of leaves, roots, and total biomass of lettuce, carrot, and cauliflower was increased due to the irrigation of unfiltered sewage water compared to sewage wastewater, which was reduced. After irrigation with the unfiltered sewage wastewater, the curd diameter, fresh and dry weights of curd, stem fresh weight of cauliflower, stem fresh weight of cauliflower, and the root length and diameter of carrots all increased. The Cd +2 and Cr +2 concentrations were unaffected by the filter process by a sand column filter in the current study, according to the report. Conclusively, filtration by a sand column filter is most effective at removing heavy metals from sewage efflused to irrigate agricultural land.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/w14223770


Effects of different doses of organic and inorganic fertilizers on cauliflower yield and soil properties

The experiment was conducted in the research field of Agriculture Research Station in Belachapi, Dhanusha, Nepal, from November, 2017 to February, 2018 to determine the effects of different doses of organic and inorganic fertilizer on Cauliflower yield parameters and soil characteristics. The highest curd yield and biomass were obtained from the half dose of Organic manure and half dose of farm yard manure. Organic manures with inorganic fertilizers was found to be both better for crop growth and development, as well as soil health improvement, as well as soil health improvement.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/da794eaa16b74c049da8bd63c88339a6


Different effects of heating and freezing treatments on the antioxidant properties of broccoli, cauliflower, garlic and onion. An experimental in vitro study

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Vegetables have some beneficial effects on human health as a result of their antioxidant compounds, such as polyphenols. Cooking can cause a variety of physical and chemical changes to plant structure that can alter vegetable phytochemical compounds. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of heat treatment and freezing on garlic, onion, broccoli, and cauliflower's antioxidant properties. The vegetables' total phenolic composition, antioxidant synthesis, and malondialdehyde were measured using the Folin-Ciocalteu phenol reagent, 2,2-diphenyl radical scavenging activity, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, respectively. RESULTS: Heat treatment had deleterious effects on onion and garlic's antioxidant properties, as well as reduced broccoli's antioxidant activity. Freezing enhanced broccoli and garlic's antioxidant activity, but had detrimental effects on cauliflower and onion. CONCLUSIONS: Heat treatment and freezing have different effects on broccoli, cauliflower, garlic, and onion's antioxidant properties, according to CONCLUSIONS.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2019.004406082019

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions