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Cataract Glaucoma - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 14 November 2022

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Safety and Efficacy of Three Variants of Canaloplasty with Phacoemulsification to Treat Open-Angle Glaucoma and Cataract: 12-Month Follow-Up.

Complete surgical success was defined as an IOP u2264 15 mmHg without medications, as well as a highly skilled surgical success as IOP u2264 15 mmHg with or without drugs. Both miniABeC and AbiC groups had pre-washout IOP median values of 17, 18 and 17 patients, and decreased to 13, 13 and 14 percent in 12-month follow-up; respectively, success was achieved in approximately 80% of patients for ABeC and in 93. 8%. Conclusions The three variants of canaloplasty improved IOP and the number of medications in patients with mild to moderate POAG, as well as no noticeable symptoms.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36362728


Manual small-incision cataract surgery and glaucoma - A dilemma of the duo.

The surgeon's skill and experience will vary according to the severity, occurrence, and control of glaucoma, as well as the clinical relevance of cataract surgery; and the surgical outcome will determine the surgical procedure used, site of surgery, use of anti-fibrotic drugs, and, most importantly, the surgeon's skill and experience.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36308099


Nationwide Incidence of Infantile Cataract Surgery and Risk of Secondary Glaucoma in a Population-based Birth Cohort: Infantile Cataract Surgery and Secondary Glaucoma.

Methods We used the Korean National Health Claims website to identify IC patients diagnosed before the age of 1 and underwent IC surgery among all Korean born between 2008 and 2018. We estimated the prevalence of IC surgery in a birth cohort. From 5. 10 to 9. 29 per 100,000 in the general population, according to the annual birth-cohort incidence of IC surgery. The conversion time from IC surgery to glaucoma development was 4. 7 years. Other factors were found as relating to post-IC-surgery glaucoma risk other than primary or secondary intraocular lens implantation, which reduces the risk. The risk of glaucoma increased sharply in patients without primary IOL implantation in the first two years after IC surgery. Conclusions These reports found the prevalence of IC surgery and secondary glaucoma risk in an East Asian ethnicity.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36328202


Changes of Optical Coherence Tomography Parameters after Cataract Surgery in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Eyes.

In primary open-angle glaucoma patients, a researcher intending to investigate the effects of uncomplicated cataract surgery on the measurement of Bruch's membrane opening-minimum rim width and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Methods This retrospective review included 63 eyes of 63 patients, including 32 POAG eyes and 31 normal eyes, who underwent uneventful cataract surgery and a follow-up of at least six months. In POAG eyes, the n° 0394RNFLT was noticeably higher than in normal eyes. Conclusion The postoperative RNFLT rise in POAG eyes was much higher in the POAG group, but the postoperative RNFLT rise was much larger in POAG eyes, as well as the u0394IOP in normal eyes. In POAG eyes compared to normal eyes by cataract surgery, RNFLT is more affected than BMO-MRW in comparison to BMO-MRW in POAG eyes.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36281574


A multicenter prospective comparative study evaluating cataract surgery and endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation either with or without iStent inject implantation in Brazilian patients with glaucoma.

Purpose: Compare 12-month safety and effectiveness of endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation + cataract surgery + iStent injection trabecular micro-bypass implantation in Brazilian patients with open-angle glaucoma. Methods This prospective, multicenter, comparative case series included patients with OAG and cataract who were randomly assigned to receive care in Group 1 or Group 2 patients. Preoperatively, Groups 1 and 2 had similar mean IOP and mean number of medications as well as a number of drugs. Mean medication cuts were 52. 2 percent and 75%, respectively, at 12 M. IOP cuts, which were 24. 2% and 43. 6%. In Group 1 than Group 2, Mean postoperative IOP and number of medications were higher than those in Group 2. In Brazilian OAG patients, both treatment groups achieved substantial and safe reductions in IOP and medications compared to preoperative. In the group receiving the iStent injection, percent declines were significantly higher, and mean IOP and medications were markedly lower, with the group receiving a iStent inject.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36273360


Accuracy of pattern deviation in estimating the glaucomatous damage in the central 10° visual field in eyes with glaucoma and cataract.

The accuracy of pattern shift in estimating the harm to the glaucomatous visual field in eyes with glaucoma and cataract in the central 10'b0 is uncertain. The difference between this value and mean PD values in VF pre was determined, according to the mean total deviation values in VF post. The effect of cataract surgery was then measured as the difference between mTD post and mTD pre mTD, post and mTD pre, while the effects of mTD post and u0394 millionPD on u03b5 million PC were also investigated. MTD post had a significant increase in mTD posts compared to mTD pre. A significant difference was made between mPD pre and mTD post mTD. Conclusions This paper warns physicians that PD of the central 10u00b0 VF might underestimate the glaucomatous VF damage caused by glaucoma's progression and overestimate it as a cataract progresses.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36261260


Efficacy of microcatheter-assisted trabeculotomy on secondary glaucoma after congenital cataract surgery.

Aim The aim of this study is to investigate the efficie of microcatheter-assisted trabeculotomy in eyes with secondary glaucoma following congenital cataract surgery and seeing the relationship with various degrees of trabeculotomy. Results Totally 27 eyes of 25 patients were included: 11 eyes in group 1 and 16 eyes in group 2, which included 11 eyes in group 1 and 16 eyes in group 2. Hg preoperatively and 8. 74 percent u00b13. 38, 15. 39. 28, 13. 36. 42, 14. 22. 30, 14. 79, 6. 30, and 11. 19. 56 mm after surgery, respectively. IOP after surgery was lower than that before surgery in both groups, but there was no difference between the two groups in terms of IOP reduction. In group 1 vs. 93. 7 percent in group 2 at the end of the second series, the partial success rate was 88%. Conclusion MAT can safely reduce IOP in patients with secondary glaucoma after congenital cataract surgery with a high success rate and safety.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36262845


MicroRNA analysis of the lens capsule in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma and pseudoexfoliation cataract in the Indian population

In the anterior lens capsule of XFS and XFG, the present research examines the difference between expression pattern of microRNAs. For this, RNA from ALC of XFS, XFG, and control patients was subjected to miRNA array, as well as testing of clinically relevant miRNAs and their targets by real-time PCR. MiR-638, one of 44 differentially expressed miRNAs, showed significant rise in expression in XFG samples as compared to XFS and control. Oxidative stress levels were also estimated by lipid peroxidation assay, which indicated significant elevated oxidative stress in XFS and XFG samples.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR559012


Clinical and Visual Field Outcomes Following Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery Combined with Cataract Surgery.

Purpose: After minimally invasive glaucoma surgery as well as cataract surgery, Humphrey's visual field and clinical parameters have changed Humphrey's visual field and clinical parameters. Patients and methods Patients in a multicenter retrospective case series between 2013 and 2021 with reliable preoperative and 12 to 18 month postoperative visual field measurements were included. Mean deviation, pattern standard deviation, visual field index, and Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study score indicated total deviation probability and pattern deviation likelihood, as well as pattern deviation probability. Conclusion Over a 12 to 18 month follow-up period across MIGS devices, minimally invasive glaucoma surgery combined with cataract surgery appears to be highly beneficial at stabilizing visual field function, lowering intraocular pressure, lowering the number of glaucoma drugs, and improving visual field function.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36199804


Cataract surgery and Hydrus stent implantation in juvenile open-angle glaucoma: A case report.

Purpose: To describe a patient with juvenile-onset open-angle glaucoma who was successfully treated with a combination cataract extraction and Hydrus stent implantation. Conclusions In the right eye, the patient underwent cataract surgery and Hydrus stent implantation. Preoperative intraocular pressure was 25 mmHg in the right eye and 21 mmHg in the left eye. Conclusions: Cataract surgery with the Hydrus stent implant effectively reduces intraocular pressures and can be used to surgically treat patients with JOAG.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36167750

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* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions