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Background/Objects The relationship between the creation of cystoid macular oedema following uneventful cataract surgery and prostaglandin analogue therapy has yet to be established. Methods The prospective randomised controlled trial of 62 eyes of 62 people with ocular hypertension or primary open angle glaucoma treated with PGAs prior to cataract surgery is a prospective randomised controlled trial. Participants were randomly selected to continue with PGA therapy after cataract surgery or to avoid PGA therapy altogether. Conclusion Continuation of PGA therapy in eyes with normal macular morphology did not raise the risk of CMO. Continuation of PGA therapy significantly reduced IOP at 1-month postoperatively, suggesting that, if appropriate, it may be more beneficial to continue PGA therapy in patients with POAG or OH following uneventful cataract surgery in the absence of other risk factors for CMO.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2021-319149
For two mydriasis programs using conventional preoperative mydriatics/anaesthetics eye drops or Mydrane administered at the time of surgery, preoperative, surgical, and post-operative times were determined. Over 12 surgery half-days, staff, surgery times, and opioid use were collected. Overall, the difference between administration of the first mydriatic eye drops or Mydrane and the end of the surgery was 27. 4 minutes in the Mydrane group versuss. 90. 3 min in the control group was 30. 4 minutes. The additional cost of medications per patient in the Mydrane group was virtually balanced by reduced nursing time with some differences between centers, owing to various departments, including staff time and consumable. Conclusions and Evaluation of perioperative cataract surgery The Mydrane's program resulted in time savings and cost reduction, provided that change and reorganisation of routine cataract surgery were carried out.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/11206721221101359
Introduction Performing cataract surgery in the setting of just one seeing-eye has significant benefits, but there are also potential negative consequences for both patient and surgeon. This article explores the surgical outcomes in patients undergoing cataract surgery on their only seeing-eye. Methods The retrospective analysis was conducted in a single tertiary center of all adult patients who had undergone cataract surgery on their only eye, where the fellow eye had a vision of 1. 0 LogMAR or worse. 918 patients underwent cataract surgery on their first seeing-eye and then acuity study was done on the postoperative visual acuity. Compared to the NOD audit results, there were a small increase in surgical risks in this cohort of only-eye patients undergoing cataract surgery, including an elevated, unadjusted risk of PCR, and less eyes achieved 0. 3 LogMAR vision post-operatively.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/11206721221092221
To determine the prevalence and the course of retinal complications of cefuroxime intracameral administration in minimally invasive cataract surgery, please refer to this article. A prospective clinical study was conducted at the Volga District Medical Center of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency of Russia from 2016 to 2021, which included patients with cataracts in one or two eyes that had to be surgically treated. Following surgery, all patients were given 1 mg of cefuroxime injected into the anterior chamber. That same day, the intervention was 315. 0 u00b1 11. 0 mm (u00b5m) and reduced statistically significantly to 59. 8 mm, the third day after surgery. According to results of optical coherence tomography, retinal edema was localized in the retinal layer of the retina, and the onset of serous retinal detachment in the fovea region on the next day, after surgery was 32. 0 u00b1 11. 0 u00b1 b5 million eta, 57, but reduced to 59.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.18008/1816-5095-2022-4-782-788
a review of the cataract surgery visual results and benefits of intraocular lens Synthesis SIPY. The lens is placed in cartridge under factory sterile conditions that prevent contact between lens and environment, minimize the possibility of incorrectly inserting the lens in cartridge following pinching by the cartridge flaps and subsequent haptic tearing off, and, in the case of defective inserting of the lens in cartridge. The Accuject Pro injector plunger's centralizes the cartridge tunnel, minimizing the likelihood of pinching the rubber tip of the IOL haptic plunger during implantation. The Synthesis SIPY lens's numerous benefits include factory integration of the lens in the cartridge and Accuject Pro injector compatibility; Implantation of the lens in the Accuject Pro injector prevents injury to the IOL; and implanting of the Synthesis SIPY lens through the 1. 6 mm corneal tunnel allows for maximum optical results.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.18008/1816-5095-2022-4-753-758
Abstract of the Efficacy and Safety of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery in the treatment of cataract surgery was determined by this research. Compared to CPCS, FLACS significantly reduced mean phaco energy and effective phacoemulsification time required in the surgery. At 1 day of follow-up, the central corneal thickness was significantly lower in FLACS, but CCT and corneal endothelial cells count were similar, even at 1 week of follow-up or longer. In conclusion, femtosecond laser pretreatment can reduce phaco energy and EPT, as well as reducing the heat damage to ocular tissues by ultrasound.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep13123
Abstract: Eyeball length is a key determining factor of eyeball formation, but studies on the overall state of axial development in congenital cataract patients and its relationship with patient demographics, such as age, sex, and laterality, are rare. In a 2UE20136 year age group, the AL of affected eye in unilateral patients was longer than that of the contralateral eye in that period, and it was longer than the eye in bilateral CC patients in both age groups. These findings reveal that the length of eyeballs in CC patients is affected by a variety of aspects in addition to age.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep23862
Abstract The prevalence and distribution of corneal astigmatism and anterior segment biometry before surgery in Chinese congenital cataract patients are not fully understood. The mean CA was 2. 03 diopters, and 39. 2 percent of patients had CA values of u22652 D, the most common diagnosis was with-the-rule astigmatism. In 16. 2% of cases, Oblique astigmatism was present in 16. 2% of cases, and 12% of cases had Opponent-to-rule astigmatism. The mean keratometry reading of cataractous eyes in bilateral patients was much greater than that in unilateral patients. The CA, CCT, and ACD of cataractous eyes in unilateral patients were noticeably larger than those in unilateral patients with non-cataractous eyes.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep22092
Patients with soft-nucleus cataracts ranging from grade 1 to three were divided into three groups based on nuclear staging. Between the subgroup 1 and the subgroup 3 was an 84. 6% and 63. 3 percent decrease in ultrasound time and cumulative dissipated energy, respectively; and this was attributed to a 36. 1% and 29. 7% decrease in endothelial cell loss and aqueous flare, respectively. The femtosecond laser pretreatment combined with a non-chopping rotation strategy was more effective than conventional manual cataract surgery for soft-nucleus cataracts due to reduced ultrasound energy, endothelial cell death, and aqueous flare.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep18684
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