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Cataract Surgery - Astrophysics Data System

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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The impact of surgeon's experience and sex on the incidence of cystoid macular edema after uneventful cataract surgery

Purpose: According to the surgeon's sex, the rate of pseudophakic cystoid macular edema in uneventful cataract surgery in surgical versus experienced surgeons is unknown, and it is impossible to determine the incidence of pCME according to the surgeon's age. Methods Medical describes post phacoemulsification at the Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Graz, Austria, between 2010 and 2018 was investigated for pCME. Following surgery by experienced surgeons, pCME was observed in 32 eyes and in 152 eyes following surgical intervention by veteran surgeons in 32 eyes. The chance of pCME was 1. 57 percent in training surgeries and longer duration. Female and male surgeons in both groups showed no difference in risk of pCME. The rate of pCME after uneventful cataract surgery is significantly higher for surgeons in training, but is steadily decreasing and related to surgical time, according to the report. Between female and male surgeons, no difference was found in the risk of pCME.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022PLoSO..1779518L/abstract


Intraoperative complications of cataract surgery using a low-energy femtosecond laser: Results from a real-world high-volume setting

We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients undergoing femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery in our hospital between August 2015 and December 2019. With three cases of anterior capsule tear and two cases of posterior capsule tear, the overall intraoperative complication rate was 0. 2 percent, with three cases of anterior capsule tear and two cases of posterior capsule tear affecting posterior capsule tear.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022PLoSO..1779023R/abstract


TGF-β2 levels in the aqueous humor are elevated in the second eye of high myopia within two weeks after sequential cataract surgery

In this prospective study, Thirty eyes from fifteen patients with high myopia who underwent sequential cataract surgery were included. As a control group, ten cataract patients with non-myopia were selected. The highly myopic cataracts group had a significant TGF-u03b22 increase in comparison to the non-myopic cataracts patient group, which was considerably higher. In addition, the TGF-u03b22 level of the second eye in the first eye in a high myopia cataract patients group was much higher than that in the first eye. And TGF-u03b21 demonstrated significant differences with age and axial length of high myopia cataract patients, according to TGF-u03b21.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022NatSR..1217974Y/abstract


Increased risk of cataract surgery in patients with allergic disease: a population based cohort study

Using 2,631,015 subjects' records from the 2009 National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort in Korea, we investigated the correlation between cataract and allergic disorders, including atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma. The allergic group had a higher risk of cataract formation than the non-allergic group after accounting for socioeconomic, systemic and ocular disorders, socioeconomic status, and lifestyle causes. In the subgroup study of subjects with AD, men aged 50 years had a higher rate of HR than women of the same age group. In conclusion, allergic patients were at a greater risk of cataract surgery than their peers, and the combination of AD and AR increased the risk. The association was more apparent in male than female patients with AD aged 50 years.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022NatSR..1221258P/abstract


Molecular and microbiological evidence of bacterial contamination of intraocular lenses commonly used in canine cataract surgery

For 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequencing, three different pharmaceutical manufacturers and three different production lots/manufacturer were collected. Unique brand-specific bacterial DNA profiles were revealed by rRNA sequencing of all manufacturing lots within the same company, conserved between IOLs and packaging fluid. Distinct mixtures of bacterial DNA are present and consistent in IOLs and packaging fluids, according to the manufacturer, and Staphylococcus is the most common contributor to the bacterial DNA uncovered. The majority of Staphylococcus spp was significantly reduced in Caralens' products, which was notably lower.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022PLoSO..1777753D/abstract


Alcohol use patterns and risk of incident cataract surgery: a large scale case-control study in Japan

To assess the possibility of incident cataract surgery among Japanese adults who have alcohol use patterns. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using conditional logistic regression techniques. With increased total lifetime drinking, both men and women were at an elevated risk of incident cataract surgery, with a dramatic rise in risk occurring at > 90 drink-years for males and > 40 drink-years for women. Alcohol intake and cataract development was linked to a positive dose-response relationship. Restricted consumption may help to prevent cataract formation.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022NatSR..1220142F/abstract


Comparisons of outcomes and complications of immediate sequential bilateral cataract surgery and unilateral cataract surgery in a tertiary hospital in South Korea

In a tertiary hospital in South Korea, we investigated the proportions of immediate sequential cataract surgery and unilateral cataract surgery during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic outbreak and compared visual outcomes between the two groups. A single surgeon at Korea University Guro Hospital underwent 441 cataract surgeries between March 1, 2021, and October 31, 2021, according to a single surgeon. The preoperative corrective distance visual acuity was lower in the unilateral cataract surgery group than in the ISBCS group, but there was no significant difference in postoperative CDVA between the two groups.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022NatSR..1222382H/abstract


Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery after corneal refractive surgery

Cataract is the leading cause of blindness worldwide, and advanced cataract technologies such as femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery are widely available. Corneal refractive surgery is one of the most common procedures for the correction of refractive errors. However, there has been no scientific study investigating FLACS' refractive and safety results after CRS. After CRS compared to conventional PCs, the aim of this retrospective chart review and comparative study is to determine the effect and safety of FLACS. A total of 102 patients with age-related cataract disease had been registered. The FLACS and conventional PCS groups were not significantly different between the two groups at 3 months postoperatively, UCVA, BCVA, and predictive error. ORA reduction in FLACS was at a higher rate. Patients with a history of CRS may have a greater visual quality than conventional PCS in patients with a prior history of CRS.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022NatSR..12.4263A/abstract


Comparison of Femtosecond Laser-Assisted and Ultrasound-Assisted Cataract Surgery with Focus on Endothelial Analysis

Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery has the ability to make fundamental steps of cataract surgery quicker and safer, as well as reducing endothelial cell death, thereby improving postoperative outcomes. Methods: 130 patients with cataracta senilis were treated with FLACS or conventional cataract surgery in a single-center, randomized controlled trial. When compared to conventionally at 4 weeks, endothelial cell counts in the FLACS group in cataract grade 2 patients were significantly higher than those who were not. In grade 2 of the FLACS group, the effective phaco time was noticeably shorter than that of the conventional. However, no statistically significant differences were found for the complete sample, including all cataract grades, due to the FLACS group's overall cataract density being significantly higher than average methods, despite conventional methods. Conclusions: Low energy FLACS provides a more consistent result than endothelial cell death, size, and shape variations, as well as in effective phaco time within specific cataract grade subgroups.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2021Senso..21..996S/abstract

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions