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Cataract Eye - Crossref

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Surgical outcomes in only eye cataract surgery

Introduction The ability of only one seeing-eye to administer cataract surgery has significant benefits, but also potential negative consequences for both patient and surgeon. This review looks at the surgical results in patients undergoing cataract surgery in their first seeing-eye. Methods An retrospective review was published in a single tertiary center of all adult patients who had undergone cataract surgery on their only eye, where the fellow eye had a vision of 1. 0 LogMAR or worse. Compared to the NOD audit findings, there was a small risk of operative complications in this cohort of only-eye patients undergoing cataract surgery, including an increased, unadjusted risk of PCR, and fewer eyes had 0. 3 LogMAR vision post-operatively. The grade of surgeon did not have an effect on the complication rate, meaning that trainee surgeons could have training in only-eye surgery with no added risk to the patient.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/11206721221092221


The Combination of Healthy Diet and Healthy Body Weight Is Associated with Lower Risk of Nuclear Cataract in the Blue Mountains Eye Study

Methods of Study Bases For 3654 baseline participants of the population-based Blue Mountains Eye Study cohort, 2334 and 1952, respectively, were examined after 5 and 10 years, respectively, as determined by 5 and 10 y. Cataract was determined from lens photographs using the Wisconsin Cataract Grading System. Following a new version of the Healthy Eating Index for Australians, the baseline total diet score was calculated from FFQ results. BMI 26. 3 mm/m2 mean baseline BMI of 2173 participants with total diet score estimated, 57% were women, mean baseline age of 63. 9 u00b1 8. 4y, and mean baseline BMI of 27. 3 u00b1 4. 3 kg/m2. There was no correlation between any cataracts in the case of multivariable change, but not with any cataract risk. Participants with BMI 25 increased the risk of nuclear cataract among participants with BMI 25 percent but not among participants with BMI u226525.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz103


Anterior Segment Parameter Changes after Cataract Surgery in Open-Angle and Angle-Closure Eyes: A Prospective Study

Background: To investigate the potential connection between the anterior ciliary process and the crystalline lens, we need to investigate the anterior segment parameters before and after cataract surgery in open-angle eyes and several subtypes of primary angle-closure glaucoma eyes and various subtypes. The method of analysis: An observational, prospective study was conducted on 66 patients who underwent cataract surgery, including 22 chronic PACG patients, 22 acute PACG patients, and 22 open-angle cataract patients. A natural anatomic abnormality may be a more significant factor in PACG patients' anterior rotation of ciliary processes.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm12010327


A Novel Eye Cataract Diagnosis and Classification Using Deep Neural Network

Abstract Eye Cataract is one of the most common causes of blindness. To detect and classify the eye cataracts, we recommend Dense-Net and U-Net in this paper. To determine the presence of cataracts and its severity, we took 200 samples of eye image. Hence, it was found that U-Net Net gives 10% more accurate results than Dense Net.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1937/1/012053


A case report on cataract surgery in eyes with bilateral inferior iridoschisis

Purpose: The aim of the paper is to highlight a case of bilateral inferior iridoschisis who underwent cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation with success, without the aid of iris hooks or pupillary expanders. In two cases with anterior atrophic portion disintegrating into fibrils from the posterior stroma, a localized area of iris stroma has been cleaved, and muscle layer is described as iridoschisis. Although iridoschisis care during cataract surgery has been shown to be difficult, cataract extraction was carried out using iris hooks, according to this case study.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1108/agjsr-10-2022-0230


Risk model for intraoperative complication during cataract surgery based on data from 900 000 eyes: previous intravitreal injection is a risk factor

Objectives/aims of this research The aim of this research was to create a risk model for intraoperative complication during cataract surgery, which was described as posterior capsule rupture and/or zonular dehiscence, as well as recent intravitreal therapy. Methods This retrospective register-based study included patients who submitted to the Swedish National Cataract Register between January 2010 and June 2018. The SNCR's data on pIVT was cross referenced with the Swedish Macula Register to include pIVT information. In a multivariate logistic regression model, variables that were statistically significant in the univariate analyses were included. Conclusion The risk model can be used in the preoperative setting to predict the likelihood of IC, support planning of surgery, and improving patient communication. Patients who have undergone intravitreal therapy prior to cataract surgery have a higher risk of IC during cataract surgery.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2020-318645


Tryptophan and Non-Tryptophan Fluorescence of the Eye Lens Proteins Provides Diagnostics of Cataract at the Molecular Level

Fluorescence intensity measurements taken along the optical axis of human eye lenses with age-related nuclear cataract revealed an increasing number of fluorescent PTM toward the lens center in accordance with the lens nucleolus' increased optical density. Fluorescence of Trp, its derivatives, and argpyrimidine can be excited at the red edge of the Trp absorption band, which allows for normalization of the emission spectra of these PTMs to Trp's fluorescence intensity, allowing them to determine semi-quantitatively their concentrations.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep40375


Precision of a new ocular biometer in eyes with cataract using swept source optical coherence tomography combined with Placido-disk corneal topography

Abstract The purpose of this review was to determine the accuracy of a new optical biometer based on swept-source optical coherence tomography and Placido disk topography in eyes with cataracts. The examination of seventy-eight patients with cataracts revealed seventy-eight eyes from seventy-eight patients with cataracts. OA-2000 derived K-values with a diameter of 3. 0mm showed narrower 95% limits of agreement than those with a diameter of 2. 5 mm for IOL power calculations. With the OA-2000, 3. 0mm diameter K-readings appear to be the most reliable method for estimating IOL strength.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13800-7

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions