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Cataract Extraction - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 08 August 2022

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Prevalence of Subclinical Keratoconus Among Adults Undergoing Routine, Uncomplicated Age-related Cataract Extraction

Purpose: To determine the occurrence of subcutaneous keratoconus among people undergoing routine, uncomplicated age-related cataract extraction. Methods We reviewed records of patients aged 50 years and older who underwent surgery from January 2011 to April 2021 in one of the country's largest academic ophthalmology departments. Although the authors' diagnosis of keratoconus was achieved clinically with highly deviated tomographic criteria, the authors outlined SKCN using the Belin-Ambru00f3sio derived ectasia index > 1. 7. If one eye had seen KCN, then the individual would be identified as KCN. 3. 2 percent CI, 2913 individuals, and 812 people were enrolled, with a prevalence of SKCN of 291. 3 percent, 27. 5%CI, 26. 2 u201328. 8, 802 people, and KCN prevalence was 1. 6% 95% CI, 1. 3u20132. 0, 47 people. The KCN group had a mean BAD-D of 2. 23 percentCI, 2. 18 95%CI, 1. 12 % U20131. 85 for the KCN group, with 8. 85 percentCI, 6. 85 percent U20138. 85 for the KCN group.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR524355


Comparison of combined gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy and cataract extraction with gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy surgery alone on macular thickness.

Purpose: Objectives: To determine the effect of Gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy on macular thickness and to compare the combined GATT and cataract extraction without considering macular thickness with GATT surgery alone regarding macular thickness. The patients who underwent GATT or combined GATT and CE with preoperative and routine postoperative spectral domain optic coherence tomography analysis were included. Patient 1 enrolled patients who underwent GATT alone were able to participate in GATT alone, and group 2 enrolled patients who underwent combined GATT and CE were identified as follows: group 1 enrolled patients who underwent combined GATT and CE, and group 2 enrolled patients were identified as follows: GATT and CE were defined as follows: Macular thickness measurements were taken before and after surgery macular thickness measurements were compared between group 1 and group 2 in terms of change in macular thickness. The mean thickness of central macula, superior inner macula, and nasal inner macula increased significantly 1 month after GATT alone grew. At both time points, there was no significant difference between group 1 and group 2 in terms of change in macular thickness at any time points.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35792973


Inhibitory Effect of Short-Term Palpebral Margin Cleaning with Antibiotic Eye Drops on Ocular Surface Flora before Cataract Extraction: A New Preoperative Antibacterial Method.

Objective: Inhibiting bacterial growth in the palpebral margin and conjunctival sacs prior to cataract extraction, the primary aim was to investigate the clinical relevance of the combined use of palpebral margin cleaning and antibiotic eye drops. Methods In this research, 61 patients with age-related cataracts who underwent phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation were chosen and randomly grouped. The combination of palpebral margin cleaning with cotton pads and levofloxacin eye drops was used in the research group for three days before the surgery. Conclusions The results of the experiment showed that the two bacteria samples were 100% and 40% before and 10% and 0% after the treatment. Conclusion : Good antibacterial activity was obtained by combined application of eyelid and palpebral margin cleaning with cotton pads and antibiotic eye drops before cataract extraction.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35435159


Endothelial Cell Loss, Cumulative Dissipated Energy, and Surgically Induced Astigmatism in Sutureless Scleral Tunnel Phaco-Assisted Cataract Extraction in Advanced Cataracts.

Purpose: Objectives: The purpose of this review is to assess sutureless scleral tunnel extraction in terms of cumulative dissipation, cell death, and surgically produced astigmatism in advanced cataracts. According to the Lens Opacity Classification System III, patients with advanced cataracts require sutureless scleral tunnel phaco-assisted cataract extraction. 96 eyes, 36 eyes with LOCS III grade nuclear opalescence cataracts, 102 eyes with LOCS III grade NO5, 60 eyes with LOCS III grade NO6 and 60 eyes with LOCS III grade NO6 were included in the study. In LOCS III grade No. 4, NO5, and NO6 respectively, the mean CDE and ECL% were 0. 176 0. 46 U/S, 0. 859 0/S, and 2. 306 U/S. , respectively. Conclusion Sutureless scleral tunnel extraction in advanced cataracts resulted in less CDE with improved ECD protection and acceptable SIA.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35620412

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions