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The CRISPR/Cas9 system functions as the prokaryotic immune system and has important uses in gene editing. Cas9's job is to look for specific target sequences on the DNA and cleave them. We then investigate how Cas9 uncovers a long line of DNA with randomly placed targets. We solve this problem by integrating it into the theory of Anderson localization in condensed matter physics. The mapping of Anderson localization can be used to analyze other proteins that promote diffusion to help clarify their dynamics and distribution along the DNA.
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