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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Efficacy comparison between ultrasound-guided injections of 5% dextrose with corticosteroids in carpal tunnel syndrome patients.

Background There is no such detailed guideline for treating mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndromes. A 5% dextrose perineural injection has been a promising and effective treatment of CTS for long-term use; however, there is no published randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of 5% dextrose perineural injection versus corticosteroid injection in treating CTS. Materials and methods In this double-blinded controlled clinical trial, we randomly selected 1 session of either 2 cc methylprednisolone acetate mixed with 1 cc normal saline in 36 patients with mild to moderate CTS of single or both their wrists. Conclusion 5% dextrose perineural injection is an affordable and safe way to treat mild to moderate CTS, especially in comparison to corticosteroids' short-term results.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36617808


Ultrasonographic Assessment of the Safe Zone for Carpal Tunnel Intervention: A Comparison Between Healthy Individuals and Patients With Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Objection Objective: Using ultrasonography, healthy individuals and patients with carpal tunnel syndrome were compared in transverse and longitudinal free zones. Patients with CTS were divided into three groups based on electrodiagnostic results. To determine the transverse safe zone, we measured the distance between the median nerve and ulnar vessels on ultrasound, and the distal flexor retinaculum and superficial palmar artery arch to determine the longitudinal safe zone. Results The transverse and longitudinal safe zones were highly different between participants with CTS and those without CTS. The transverse safe zone significantly differed between the mild and arduous CTS groups, according to the educators, although the longitudinal safe zone was not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusions of patients with CTS were more restricted in patients with CTS than in the healthy group. Patients with mild CTS and those with severe CTS were found to have a significant difference.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36588443


The Application of Ultrasound Image-Based Radiomics in the Diagnosis of Mild Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Objectives The ultrasound diagnosis of mild carpal tunnel syndrome is difficult. Radiomics can detect image information that the human eye cannot recognize. The aim of our study was to determine the benefit of ultrasound image-based radiomics in the diagnosis of mild CTS. According to two guidelines, two radiologists with differing experiences diagnosed CTS. CTS's AUC values were 0. 72 and 0. 67, respectively, according to guideline two, respectively; according to guideline two, respectively, the AUC stood 0. 73 and 0. 68, respectively. Both were 0. 92 and 0. 90, respectively, for AUC training set and test set. Conclusions The radiomics label based on ultrasound photographs had high diagnostic success for mild CTS. It is likely to assist radiologists in identifying early CTS patients as soon as possible, particularly for inexperienced physicians.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36565451


Examining the Public's Most Frequently Asked Questions About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Appraising Online Information About Treatment.

Background Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy. Patients are regularly searching for health details regarding common musculoskeletal disorders on the internet. This was meant to use language processing reports from Google to assess the CTS's content. Methods We searched Google for 3 keywords —"carpal tunnel syndrome management,">"carpal tunnel syndrome surgical intervention,">>carpal tunnel syndrome surgical repair," and "carpal tunnel syndrome non-surgical care — until a minimum of 100 FAQs and their answer links were extracted from each search. Mean Brief DISCERN scores among the five source types varied by a significant difference, F = 5. 93, P =. 0002, with medical practices achieving the lowest score out of five sources, with scientific research averaging the lowest score. Patients are most commonly searching Google to find details about CTS treatment options.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36564990


Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in patients with long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were retrospectively investigated in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients based on the design of nerve conduction velocity, the occurrence of CTS, and the characteristics of nerve injury. There were 353 T2DM patients hospitalized in Taiyuan Central Hospital between January 2018 and January 2019. These 139 T2DM patients with CTS were then divided into groups based on the nerve injury location and the injured nerve type. Sensor nerve injury was more common than that of motor nerve injury. SNI was at a significantly higher occurrence rate in CTS patients than MNI. In the right median nerve, the abnormal rate of sensory nerve conduction velocity and motor nerve conduction rate was higher. This research shows that early detection of NCV can identify CTS in the absence of medical problems and SNI, which may occur earlier in long-term T2DM patients with CTS.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36593820


Percutaneous Ultrasound-Guided Section Of The Transverse Carpal Ligament Vs Open Surgery For The Surgical Treatment Of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS).

Background and aim The gold standard of carpal tunnel syndrome therapy is the section of the transverse carpal ligament, the most common approach being the palmar cutaneous incision. Material and methods A prospective observational cohort study of 50 patients undergoing CTS. The aim of this study was a short palmar incision. Using the Kemisu00ae H3 scalpel, none of their CTS patients improved without seeing statistically significant differences in BCTQ scores, nor in the presence of allergies — but it was similar in the final analysis. Discussion In light of the results' report, percutaneous ultrasound-guided surgery is a viable alternative to CTS surgical intervention, according to the CTS' surgical treatment. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided surgery is a viable alternative for surgical treatment of CTS. This procedure, however, requires a learning curve and familiarization with the anatomical structures to be handled.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36565804


Clinical Utility of Boston-CTS and Six-Item CTS Questionnaires in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Associated with Diabetic Polyneuropathy

With nerve conduction studies for diagnosing CTS in patients with DPN, we decided to compare two clinical scales: the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire and the six-item CTS symptoms scale. Between patients with and without CTS, the clinical analysis of CTS performed by BCTQ and CTS-6 was statistically significant different between patients with and without CTS. When comparing the BCTQ questionnaire with the NCS results, we discovered an area under the curve: 0. 76 in patients with neuropathy and AUC = 0. 72 in patients without neuropathy. Patients with neuropathy were 0. 76 in patients with neuropathy and 0. 70 in patients without neuropathy at the same time. DPN raised the chances of finding CTS using the two questionnaires by using multiple logistic regression. With and without DPN, but with moderate AUC, the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and CTS-6 questionnaires can be used in the diagnosis of CTS in diabetic patients with and without DPN but with moderate AUC.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9818529


Clinical Utility of Boston-CTS and Six-Item CTS Questionnaires in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Associated with Diabetic Polyneuropathy.

We wanted to compare two clinical scales, the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire and the six-item CTS symptoms scale, as well as nerve conduction studies for diagnosing CTS in patients with DPN. Between patients with and without CTS, the clinical analysis of CTS conducted by BCTQ and CTS-6 was statistically significant in patients with and without CTS. We found areas under the curve: 0. 76 in patients with neuropathy and AUC = 0. 72 in patients without neuropathy when comparing the BCTQ questionnaire with the NCS results. At the same time, the AUC values of the CTS-6 scale were 0. 76 in patients with neuropathy and 0. 70 in patients without neuropathy. Modest AUC can be used in the diagnosis of CTS in diabetic patients with and without DPN, but with moderate AUC.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36611296


Quality analysis of prior systematic reviews of carpal tunnel syndrome: an overview of the literature.

Background Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that greatly affects patients' quality of life and their ability to work. Su00e3o Paulo, Brazil, design and setting of systematic reviews carried out at the Brazilian public higher education academy Sü00e3o Paulo, Brazil. Two independent researchers used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and measurement software to analyze systematic reviews. More than 76% of the reviewed studies were found to be "low" or "very poor," according to the AMSTAR measurement system, which was stratified. When meta-analysis was present, PRISMA scores were higher when meta-analysis was complete, while AMSTAR's were higher when analyses performed meta-analysis or included randomized controlled trials. AMSTAR was more reliable than PRISMA, according to the inter-observer correlation. AMSTAR is a more cost-effective tool than PRISMA because it has a higher success and should be included in future research.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36541951


Unusual presentation of carpal tunnel syndrome due to Mycobacterium marinum infection of hand.

The patient recovered full mobility and returned to normal activities with ease, but M. marinum infection of the hand is difficult to diagnose because the case mimics other conditions and may have nonspecific histological findings. Hand surgeons should maintain a high degree of suspicion of M. marinum and adopt a multiteam strategy to minimize late diagnosis and treatment delays.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36535734

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions