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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Cutaneous expression of growth-associated protein 43 is not a compelling marker for human nerve regeneration in carpal tunnel syndrome.

In humans, the gene GAP-43 has predominantly been found in skin biopsies from patients with peripheral neuropathies; in other studies, a decrease in GAP-43 immunoreactive cutaneous nerve fiber fibers has been found. However, it is also unknown if cutaneous GAP-43 is a good indicator of human nerve regeneration. Here, we describe a cohort of 22 patients with electrodiagnostically confirmed carpal tunnel syndrome, which is used as a model system for focal nerve injury and neural regeneration after decompression surgery. We analyze GAP-43 immunoreactivity and RNA expression in finger skin biopsies obtained before and six months after surgery, compared to healthy controls. Patients with CTS have lower GAP-43 positive intra-epidermal nerve fiber density before surgery relative to healthy controls, according to our results. These results indicate that cutaneous GAP-43 may not be a good indicator of nerve regeneration in humans.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0277133


Carpal tunnel syndrome caused by tophi deposited under the epineurium of the median nerve: A case report

Carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the most common forms of peripheral neuropathy, and it is mainly caused by compression of the wrist's median nerve. presentation of Tophi The median nerve compression caused by the epineurium of the median nerve compresses the median nerve, resulting in CTS, which is extremely unusual. When serum uric acid levels were within normal ranges, a carpal tunnel installation and surgery to remove the gouty tophus of the right wrist were performed. During a one-year follow-up period, the patient recovered unevenly, without signs of recurrence of gouty tophi, and CTS may have been triggered by gouty tophi.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fsurg.2022.942062


Clinical Utility of Boston-CTS and Six-Item CTS Questionnaires in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Associated with Diabetic Polyneuropathy

With nerve conduction studies for finding CTS in patients with DPN, we aimed to compare two clinical scales: the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire and the six-item CTS symptoms scale. The clinical analysis of CTS performed by BCTQ and CTS-6 was statistically significant different between patients with and without CTS. We found a region under the curve: 0. 76 in patients with neuropathy and AUC = 0. 72 in patients without neuropathy when comparing the BCTQ questionnaire with the NCS results. The AUC values of the CTS-6 scale were 0. 76 in patients with neuropathy and 0. 70 in patients without neuropathy at the same time. Both the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and CTS-6 questionnaires can be used in the diagnosis of CTS in diabetic patients with and without DPN but with moderate AUC.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics13010004


Laser Acupuncture as a Treatment Option for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Management: a Case Series

Acupuncture has been shown to be an effective pain reliever and can restore nerve function, and laser acupuncture is one of the treatment methods. The aim of this investigation is to determine the outcomes of laser acupuncture using a total sample of 3 patients, mainly with tingling sensations, and nerve conduction measurements. Laser acupuncture has been shown to be a treatment option for carpal tunnel syndrome management, according to the authors.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.51507/j.jams.2022.15.3.189


Work‐relatedness of carpal tunnel syndrome: Systematic review including meta‐analysis and GRADE

Abstract Background and Aims Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common peripheral nerve entrapment syndrome with a high incidence among workers. This systematic review, which also includes metau2010analyses, is designed to determine which physical worku2010-related risk factors are associated with carpal tunnel syndrome. Using the Quality in Prognosis Statistics tool, a risk of bias was determined. In total, 9270 patients with CTS from a population of 1,051,707 workers were included from 17 studies, with 9270 patients reporting CTS. The Strain Index > 10 reveals high-quality evidence for links between CTS and repetition exposures to repetition, force intensity, exposures above hand activity level of ACGIH, and the Strain Index > 10. A reduced incidence of work-u2010related CTS was strongly linked to a higher rate of work-u2010use CTS. CTS workers doing repetitive tasks that necessitate both high force and high repetition, but also have a higher risk of developing CTS.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.888


Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in patients with long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus

Generally speaking, Carpal tunnel syndrome is more common in diabetes mellitus, particularly in patients with coexisting diabetic polyneuropathy and/or long-term DM. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were retrospectively investigated based on the investigation of nerve conduction velocity, the incidence of CTS, and the characteristics of nerve injury. These 139 T2DM patients with CTS were then divided into groups based on the nerve injury site and their injured nerve type. Sensor nerve injury was more prevalent than that of motor nerve injury. In the right median nerve, the abnormal rate of sensory nerve conduction velocity and motor nerve conduction velocity was higher. In long-term T2DM patients with CTS, early detection of NCV can determine CTS in the absence of medical disorders and SNI, according to this study.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e12615


Ultrasonographic Assessment of the Safe Zone for Carpal Tunnel Intervention: A Comparison Between Healthy Individuals and Patients With Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Objectivity Objective: Using ultrasonography between healthy people and patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, it can be used to determine transverse and longitudinal safe zones. Patients with CTS were divided into three groups based on electrodiagnostic findings. To find the transverse safe zone, we measured distance between the median nerve and ulnar vessels using ultrasonography, and between the distal flexor retinaculum and superficial palmar artery arch to determine the longitudinal safe zone. The results were found to be highly variable between participants with CTS and those without CTS. The longitudinal safe zone was not significantly different between the mild and critical CTS groups, although the transverse safe zone was not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusions The differences between patients with CTS and the healthy group were narrower in patients with CTS than in the healthy group. Patients with mild CTS and those with severe CTS were found to have a significant difference.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5535/arm.22123


The Relationship Between Thyroid Dysfunctions and Symptom Severity and Functionality in Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Object: Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy caused by nerve compression of the median nerve in the wrist. paraphrasedoutput:Method: This study was designed to investigate the association between thyroid dysfunctions, symptom severity, and functional status in patients with CTS. Method: The research was conducted in this study included forty-four consecutive patients who were clinically and electrophysiologically diagnosed with CTS and fulfilled the inclusion criteria. To determine symptom severity and functionality, respectively, the Boston questionnaire-symptom severity scale and Boston questionnaire-functional status scale were used. In group 1 and 42. 00. 10, respectively, it was reported that CTS symptoms were more prevalent and that chronic disease was longer in CTS patients with thyroid problems. Because of this, finding and treating thyroid abnormalities in patients with CTS may be helpful in reducing symptoms.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4274/BMB.galenos.2022.2022-05-050


Fibrosis-Associated Signaling Molecules Are Differentially Expressed in Palmar Connective Tissues of Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Dupuytren’s Disease

The expression of FGFR1, FGFR2, and CTGF in the blood vessel walls and surrounding connective tissue cells of the three study groups was inconsistent between the two groups, with changes in expression observed in clinically unremarkable tissue samples from DD patients. The increased prevalence of profibrotic factors in the clinically infected palmar fascia of DD patients may indicate that more extensive excision is required during surgical intervention, although profibrotic factors may be potential targets for creating drug-based therapeutic strategies against DD-associated fibrosis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines10123214


Quality analysis of prior systematic reviews of carpal tunnel syndrome: an overview of the literature

ABSTRACT BIOGRAUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common disorder that has a major effect on patients' quality of life and their ability to work. METHODS: An summary of systematic studies into adult CTS treatment using the MEDLINE and Cochrane Library websites. Two independent examiners used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, as well as a reporting system to evaluate systematic reviews. PRISMA scores were higher when meta-analysis was available, and AMSTAR ratings were higher when experiments carried out meta-analysis or when they included randomized controlled trials. AMSTAR was more reliable than PRISMA, according to the inter-observer correlation. CONCLUSION: Overall, systematic reviews of CTS treatment are of poor quality. AMSTAR is a more effective tool than PRISMA because it has a higher success and should be included in future studies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2021.1020.r2.10102022

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions