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Carpal Tunnel - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 September 2022

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Infrared Thermographic Changes after Decompression Surgery in Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Background: Infrared thermal imaging is a valuable tool for determining carpal tunnel syndrome. We compared DITI results before and after carpal tunnel release surgery in patients with unilateral CTS to determine the corresponding neurophysiological changes in this research. Methods were measured for DITI parameters such as the temperature difference between the median and ulnar nerve territories, and median nerve-innervated digital anisometry. The temperature differences between the median and ulnar nerve regions were not significantly different. Hence, DITI can be a objective way to determine CTS' pre- and post-operative neurophysiologic changes.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR540426


Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome of the Hand With Simultaneous Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Ulnar Nerve Neuropathy: A Clinical Case Report

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is a reversible condition of compartment syndrome that occurs during exercise and is relieved with rest. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome most commonly occurs in the lower leg, and it has only been described in the hand. We present a case of exertional compartment syndrome in the left hand of a 37-year-old male heavy equipment technician with concurrent carpal tunnel syndrome and ulnar neuropathy. After repeated pinching and use of the thenar and intrinsic musculature with acute sensory and motor changes in the ulnar nerve tissue, acute sensory and motor impairments emerged. Although rare, patients that perform repetitive hand movements can suffer with persistent exertional compartment syndrome. This is the first reported case of chronic exertional compartment syndrome in the hand that resulted in persistent overuse neuropathy and acute ulnar neuropathy with intrinsic hand muscle weakness at the same time, according to our records.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9421347


Diacutaneous Fibrolysis Intervention in Patients with Mild to Moderate Carpal Tunnel Syndrome May Avoid Severe Cases in Elderly: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is mostly related to adults of working age. Diacutaneous Fibrolysis has been shown to improve nerve conduction studies and mechanosensitivity. After DF therapy in patients with CTS, the main aim was to quantify changes in the median nerve, transversal carpal ligament thickness, numbness severity, and subjective evaluation of clinical change. A number of 44 patients with CTS were randomly assigned either the DF group or the sham group. Time-course correlations between groups was tracked using two-way repeated measures analysis of variance. With a mean decrease of 0. 4 mm versus the sham group, the DF group reduced CSA to a mean of 0. 45 mm2 and TCL thickness, a 0. 4 percent decrease in compared to the sham group. Patients with mild to moderate CTS with DF can delay the development of the disease as they age.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36078691


Localization of the Median Nerve and Flexor Pollicis Longus at the Carpal Tunnel Inlet in Patients With and Without Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Using Ultrasound.

Introduction The carpal tunnel's photographs are not all alike. The aim of this research was to determine the median nerve and FPL in the carpal tunnel using ultrasound imaging and to determine whether the median nerve changes in carpal tunnel syndrome could have been determined. The wrist was examined in the United States by a physician with and without CTS. There were 97 wrists with CTS and 17 wrists with CTS on both hands, as well as 17 wrists with CTS. No CTS and CTS wrists had a significant difference in the vertical position of the median nerve between the No CTS and CTS wrists. Conclusions The median nerve and FPL inside the carpal tunnel were determined using U. S. of 115 wrists, and a heat map was created to show these locations. In the case of CTS, the median nerve was found to be more superficial.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36050935


Screening for Cardiac Amyloidosis 5 to 15 Years After Surgery for Bilateral Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Background Bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome is a typical extracardiac manifestation of amyloidosis and typically predates overt cardiac amyloidosis by several years. A poor yield of CA was found in the carpal ligament, but a high incidence of amyloid in the carpal ligament was reported in the screening results. It is unknown how many patients with amyloid in the carpal ligament who develop CA are later diagnosed with CA. Aims The authors attempted to investigate the incidence of undiagnosed CA 5 to 15 years after bilateral CTS surgery. Methods The authors selected patients aged 60 to 85 years with prior CTS surgery, where the first operation on the second wrist was performed 5 to 15 years ago using national registries. ATTRwt was in the lowest disease severity score of any but two patients. Conclusions Screening for California in patients with prior surgery for bilateral CTS shows approximately 5% in patients with early-stage transthyretin CA.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36049804


Trends in Open vs. Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release: A Comprehensive Survey in Japan.

Using the National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups in Japan, we investigated trends in open and endoscopic tunnel construction from 2014 to 2019. In the NDB open data repository, more than 95% of all claims are searchable, and more than 85% of all claims are searchable. According to a modest correlation coefficient between the endoscopic CTRs and the number of hand surgery specialists by prefecture per population, there was a modest correlation coefficient. However, the number of hand surgeons per capita by region and open CTR per capita was not correlated, and there was no such correlation.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36078895


"Ultrasound Findings in Patients with Normal Nerve Conduction Despite Clinical Signs and Symptoms Consistent with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome."

This report aims to investigate the correlation between U. S. findings and clinical CTS diagnosis in patients with normal NCS. Methods A retrospectively reviewed a database of 220 CTS patients, revealing 24 patients with clinically diagnosed CTS and normal NCS. Patient demographics and NCS and U. S. findings were compared to those of a control group of non-CTS patients. Means CSA was significantly higher in CTS patients with normal NCS than those in controls. In comparison, the percentage of CTS positive, NCS negative patients with CSA results greater than 10mm2 was significantly higher than that for control patients. Conclusions On ultrasound, clinically diagnosed CTS patients with normal NCS were found to have a clinically significant median nerve CSA on ultrasound. These findings reveal that ultrasound has a unique diagnostic value in the evaluation of CTS, especially when NCS are negative.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35998137


Facing symptoms and limitations: a qualitative study of women with carpal tunnel syndrome.

Background Carpal tunnel syndrome is a neuropathic pain disorder characterized by pain, paresthesia, loss of function, and disability. Background To investigate the experiences of women with CTS regarding the diagnosis of symptoms and limitations. A Living with CTS symptoms and limitations: a description of the signs, triggers of their illness, and how to identify CTS. Conclusions and Importance The results from a survey of women with CTS show how symptoms and daily activities are experienced by a group of women with CTS.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35995148


Comparison of the modified method and the median sensory-ulnar motor latency difference in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome.

Objectives This study was designed to compare the newly developed method and the median sensory-ulnar motor latency difference in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. The hand diagram was used to determine the methods The study used the electromyography findings of 105 hands of 60 patients with a report of carpal tunnel syndrome on the hand diagram. Electrophysiologically, a total of 23 hands with CTS and 31 hands without CTS were diagnosed electrophysiologically. Conclusions The revised method may have greater diagnostic accuracy for diagnosing CTS than the MSUMLD for diagnosing CTS.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35998516


Bilateral Martin-Gruber and Marinacci Anastomosis Associated with Carpal Tunnel and Guyon's Canal Syndrome: Case Report.

On electrodiagnostic studies, ananastomoses between the median and ulnar nerve nerves are common. These anastomoses are usually asymptomatic and are not noticeable until nerve injuries develop that result in unusual motor or sensory deficits. We discuss a rare case of bilateral Martin Gruber and Marinacci anastomosis, involving median and ulnar nerve injury in the carpal tunnel and Guyon's canal, respectively.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35981347

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions