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Carpal Tunnel - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Efficacy comparison between ultrasound-guided injections of 5% dextrose with corticosteroids in carpal tunnel syndrome patients.

Background There is no such thing as a universal guideline for treating mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome. A 5% dextrose perineural injection has been a promising and innovative therapy for CTS for long-term use; however, there has been no published randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of 5% dextrose perineural injection versus corticosteroid injection in treating CTS. Materials and methods In this double-blinded controlled trial, we randomly assigned 1 session of either 2 cc methylprednisolone acetate mixed with 1 cc standard saline in 36 patients with mild to moderate CTS of single or both of their wrists. In comparison to corticosteroids' short-term results, a 5% dextrose perineural injection is an effective and safe therapy for mild to moderate CTS.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36617808


Ultrasonographic Assessment of the Safe Zone for Carpal Tunnel Intervention: A Comparison Between Healthy Individuals and Patients With Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Twenty healthy people and 40 wrists from 24 patients with CTS were examined. Patients with CTS were divided into three groups based on electrodiagnostic findings. To determine the transverse safe zone, we measured the distance between the median nerve and ulnar vessels to determine the transverse safe zone, and the distal flexor retinaculum and superficial palmar artery arch to determine the longitudinal safe zone using ultrasonography. Conclusions The transverse and longitudinal safe zones were remarkably different between participants with CTS and those without CTS. The transverse safe zone significantly differed between the mild and severe CTS groups, according to the professionals, although the longitudinal safe zone was not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusions Patients with CTS were more restricted in transverse and longitudinal safe zones in patients with CTS than in the healthy group. Patients with mild CTS and those with severe CTS were found to have a significant difference.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36588443


Initial Outcomes of a Novel Modification of Looped Threaded Carpal Tunnel Release Method.

Several surgical techniques are available for the relief of carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms, and each of them has its pros and cons. This research was planned and performed to demonstrate a new way for reducing transverse carpal ligament by the thread looping technique, which did not use ultrasonography. On ten hands of ten patients, the novel version of looped threaded carpal tunnel release was attempted. After surgery, no patients developed pillar pain or scar discomfort.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36571155


The Application of Ultrasound Image-Based Radiomics in the Diagnosis of Mild Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Objectives The ultrasound diagnosis of mild carpal tunnel syndrome is posing a challenge. Radiomics can determine image information that the human eye cannot recognize. The aim of our research was to investigate the use of ultrasound image-based radiomics in the diagnosis of mild CTS. According to two guidelines, two radiologists with differing experiences diagnosed CTS. To determine the diagnostic efficiency of the two radiologists and the radiomics model, the area under receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, specificity, and precision were used. The AUC values for CTS were 0. 72 and 0. 67, respectively, according to guideline one; respectively, the AUC were 0. 73 and 0. 68, respectively; according to guideline two, respectively. The AUC's test set and training set values were 0. 92 and 0. 90, respectively. Conclusions The radiomics label based on ultrasound images had excellent diagnostic accuracy for mild CTS.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36565451


Examining the Public's Most Frequently Asked Questions About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Appraising Online Information About Treatment.

Background: The most common entrapment neuropathy is carpal tunnel syndrome. Patients often search for health details regarding common musculoskeletal disorders online. Often asked questions regarding Google's online availability and quality of online CTS reports were asked, so the aim of this report was to use language processing data from Google to assess the CTS's content. Methods We searched Google for three words, "carpal tunnel syndrome diagnosis,""carpal tunnel syndrome surgical repair," and "carpal tunnel syndrome non-surgical care," until a minimum of 100 FAQs and their answer links were found from each search. Mean Brief DISCERN scores across the five source types revealed a significant difference in mean Brief DISCERN scores among the five source types, F = 5. 93, P =. 0002, with medical practices averaging the lowest score. Patients are most likely to search Google for details about CTS treatment choices.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36564990


Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in patients with long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus.

In type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, the prevalence of CTS and the characteristics of nerve injury were retrospectively investigated based on the data from the measurement of nerve conduction velocity. There were 353 T2DM patients hospitalized in Taiyuan Central Hospital between January 2018 and January 2019, with 353 of them hospitalized in this cohort. These 139 T2DM patients with CTS were then divided into groups based on the nerve injury location and the injured nerve type. Sensor nerve injury was more prevalent than that of motor nerve injury. SNI in the CTS patients had a significantly higher incidence of SNI than MNI. In the right median nerve, the normal rate of sensory nerve conduction velocity and motor nerve conduction slowed. Early detection of NCV can reveal CTS in the absence of medical disorders and SNI, according to this report.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36593820


Percutaneous Ultrasound-Guided Section Of The Transverse Carpal Ligament Vs Open Surgery For The Surgical Treatment Of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS).

Background and aim The gold standard of carpal tunnel syndrome therapy is the section of the transverse carpal ligament, the most common treatment being the palmar cutaneous incision. Material and method Prospective observational cohort study of 50 patients undergoing CTS was carried out using a short palmar incision. All patients improved from their CTS clinic without finding statistically significant differences in BCTQ score nor in the presence of complications, but the final report was similar. Review of the Anatomical structures to be treated in view of the results' findings Percutaneous ultrasound-guided surgery is a good alternative to CTS surgery.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36565804


Carpal Tunnel Volume after Basal Joint Arthroplasty in Postmenopausal Women.

Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome is occasionally related to basal joint arthritis and is more prevalent in postmenopausal women than in the general population. According to computed tomography results, the purpose of this report was to clarify the changes in the carpal tunnel cross-sectional area and carpal tunnel shape after complete removal of the trapezium during BJA of the thumb. Methods: We retrospectively investigated the carpal tunnel cross-sectional region of CT findings that were obtained pre- and postoperatively in 20 postmenopausal women who underwent BJA of the thumb. 3 months postoperatively, the average horizontal plane area of the carpal tunnel was 1. 11 u00b1 0. 19 cm 2 preoperatively and soared to 1. 23 u00b1 0. 2 cm 2 at 3. 23 mm 2 at 3 months postoperatively. Conclusions: Since BJA of the thumb was determined, the increase in the carpal tunnel cross-sectional area was confirmed. With no changes in the horizontal diameter, the increased carpal tunnel cross-sectional area changed as the longitudinal diameter increased.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36550085


The Impact of Carpal Tunnel Release on Two-Point Discrimination, Quick Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand Score and Distal Motor Latency - A Multi-centre Prospective Study.

Background: The authors conducted a prospective, multi-centre research to determine the effects of carpal tunnel release on Two-Point Discrimination, Quick Disabilities of Arms, Shoulder, and Hand Score, as well as Distal Motor Latency. The secondary objectives of the investigation were to determine whether the postoperative findings were different at the 6-month and 1-year follow-up and if there were differences in outcomes based on the preoperative severity of carpal tunnel syndrome. Methods: At five hospitals over a 2-year period, a total of 205 hands in 171 patients underwent CTR. Patients were divided into two groups,'mild' and'severe,' based on pre-operative DL results. Results: The 2-PD, Q-DASH, and DL showed significant rise at 6-month and 1-year follow-ups compared to pre-operative values. Conclusions: CTR is an effective therapy for patients with CTS with significant improvement in both three outcome measures.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36550082


Clinical Utility of Boston-CTS and Six-Item CTS Questionnaires in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Associated with Diabetic Polyneuropathy

With nerve conduction studies for finding CTS in patients with DPN, we hoped to compare two clinical scales: the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire and the six-item CTS symptoms scale. Between patients with and without CTS, the clinical evaluation of CTS conducted through BCTQ and CTS-6 was statistically significant different between patients with and without CTS. We found areas under the curve: 0. 76 in patients with neuropathy and 0. 72 in patients without neuropathy when comparing the BCTQ questionnaire to the NCS results. The AUC values of the CTS-6 scale were 0. 76 in patients with neuropathy and 0. 70 in patients without neuropathy at the same time. Both the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and CTS-6 questionnaires can be used in the diagnosis of CTS in diabetic patients with and without DPN but with moderate AUC.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9818529

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions