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Carpal Syndrome - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 September 2022

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Infrared Thermographic Changes after Decompression Surgery in Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Background: Infrared thermal imaging (DTH) is a valuable tool for determining carpal tunnel syndrome. In this report, we compared DITI findings before and after carpal tunnel release surgery in patients with unilateral CTS to determine the corresponding neurophysiological changes. Methods DITI parameters such as the temperature differences between the median and ulnar nerve regions and median nerve-innervated digital anisometry were measured, as well as median nerve-innervated digital anisometry. The temperature differences between the median and ulnar nerve territories were not significant changed. Conclusions The results revealed that the DITI findings indicated an increase in autonomic function following CTR, according to the authors.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR540426


Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome of the Hand With Simultaneous Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Ulnar Nerve Neuropathy: A Clinical Case Report

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is a reversible form of compartment syndrome that occurs with exhaustion and is relieved with rest. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome most commonly occurs in the lower leg, and only rarely has been reported in the hand. We report a case of exertional compartment syndrome in the left hand of a 37-year-old male heavy equipment technician with concurrent carpal tunnel syndrome and ulnar neuropathy in the left hand. Rapid sensory and motor changes in the ulnar nerve tissue led to acute swelling and hand muscle weakness after repeated pinch and use of the thenar and intrinsic musculature with acute sensory and motor changes. Although chronically ill, patients who perform repetitive hand movements can suffer chronic exhaustion compartment syndrome. This is the first reported case of chronic exertional compartment syndrome in the hand that resulted from persistent overuse neuropathy and an acute ulnar neuropathy with intrinsic hand muscle weakness at the same time, according to our knowledge.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/PMC9421347


Diacutaneous Fibrolysis Intervention in Patients with Mild to Moderate Carpal Tunnel Syndrome May Avoid Severe Cases in Elderly: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is mainly related to adults of working age. Diacutaneous Fibrolysis has been shown to improve nerve conduction studies and mechanosensitivity. After DF treatment in patients with CTS, the primary aim was to measure changes in the median nerve, transversal carpal ligament thickness, numbness severity, and subjective assessment of clinical change. A number of 44 patients with CTS were randomly assigned either the DF group or the sham group. Compared to the sham group, the DF group reduced CSA by a mean of 0. 45 mm2 and TCL thickness, a 0. 6 mm reduction. DF therapy may reduce CSA and TCL thickness, numbness severity, and an improved clinical outlook. Patients with mild to moderate CTS can be treated with DF, which may slow the disease's progression as they age.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36078691


Localization of the Median Nerve and Flexor Pollicis Longus at the Carpal Tunnel Inlet in Patients With and Without Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Using Ultrasound.

The carpal tunnel's pictures differ greatly. The aim of this research was to determine the positions of the median nerve and FPL in the carpal tunnel using ultrasound to determine whether the median nerve changes in carpal tunnel syndrome is consistent with the median nerve changes. The wrist was examined by a U. S. technician with and without CTS. A scatter plot was created by stacking all U. S. images to show the median nerve and FPL's average positions. 97 wrists without CTS and 17 wrists with CTS were also missing, and 17 wrists with CTS were 17 wrists with CTS. There was a significant difference in the vertical position of the median nerve between No CTS and CTS wrists, as shown by the graph. Conclusions The median nerve and FPL within the carpal tunnel were found using U. S. of 115 wrists, and a heat map was created to show these locations.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36050935


Screening for Cardiac Amyloidosis 5 to 15 Years After Surgery for Bilateral Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Introduction Bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome is a common extracardiac manifestation of amyloidosis and usually predates overt cardiac amyloidosis by several years. A poor yield of CA was found in the carpal ligament, but a high incidence of amyloid in the carpal ligament was found. It is unknown how many patients with amyloid in the carpal ligament who later have CA. Methods The authors investigated subjects aged 60 to 85 years with prior CTS surgery, where the first wrist surgery was performed 5 to 15 years ago using national databases. CA was found in 12 patients, and the majority of cases were wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis. Attrwt was in the lowest disease severity score among all but 2 patients. Findings: Screening for CA in patients with prior surgery for bilateral CTS shows approximately 5% in early-stage transthyretin CA.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36049804


"Ultrasound Findings in Patients with Normal Nerve Conduction Despite Clinical Signs and Symptoms Consistent with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome."

This research aims to determine the correlation of U. S. findings with clinical CTS diagnosis in patients with normal NCS. Methods The aim of this website was to find 24 patients with clinically diagnosed CTS and normal NCS. Patient demographics and NCS and U. S. findings were compared to those of a control group of non-CTS patients. Conclusions Meante Means CSA was significantly higher in CTS patients with normal NCS than in controls, with the CSA contributing to the increase in CTS patients with normal NCS than in controls. In the same way, the proportion of CTS positive, NCS negative patients with CSA readings greater than 10mm2 was much higher than that for control patients. Conclusions CTS patients with normal NCS were found to have a clinically significant median nerve CSA on ultrasound. In addition, CSA results on ultrasound do not match with NCS measurements.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35998137


Facing symptoms and limitations: a qualitative study of women with carpal tunnel syndrome.

Overview Carpal tunnel syndrome is a neuropathic pain disorder characterized by pain, paresthesia, loss of muscle, and disability. Objectives: To investigate the experiences of women with CTS in terms of symptoms and limitations, an investigation was done. CTS patients with a clinical and electromyographic diagnosis were recruited from a Public Hospital's Neurology Department. A Living with CTS symptoms and limitations: describing the signs, causes of their symptoms, and ways to identify CTS. Two new trends emerged: a Living with CTS symptoms and limitations: describing the symptoms, triggers of their illness, and how they define CTS. Conclusions and Importance The latest findings reveal how symptoms and daily limitations are experienced by a group of women with CTS.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35995148


Comparison of the modified method and the median sensory-ulnar motor latency difference in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome.

Objectives This research was conducted to compare the standardized procedure and the median sensory-ulnar motor latency difference in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. On the hand diagram, the study used the electromyography results of 105 hands of 60 patients who had a complaint of carpal tunnel syndrome. Simple subtraction was used to determine the average sensory-ulnar motor delay difference, and the updated method was established based on the results of the classic method. Electrophysiologically determined hands with CTS and 31 hands without CTS.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35998516


Bilateral Martin-Gruber and Marinacci Anastomosis Associated with Carpal Tunnel and Guyon's Canal Syndrome: Case Report.

On electrodiagnostic studies, Anastomoses between the median and ulnar nerve nerves are typical. These anastomoses are usually asymptomatic and are not discovered until nerve injury causes unusual motor or sensory deficits. We discuss a rare case of bilateral Martin Gruber and Marinacci anastomosis in the carpal tunnel and Guyon's canal, respectively, as a result of median and ulnar nerve injuries.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35981347


A prospective cohort study: platelet-rich plasma combined with carpal tunnel release treating carpal tunnel syndrome.

Background PRP injection has been shown to improve the health of people with mild to moderate Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. However, carpal tunnel construction was also a recommended therapy for people with moderate and severe CTS. Methods We wanted to see if adjuvant PRP therapy would improve the prognosis when using CTR, and that we included 82 patients in this study. Within a month after surgery, CTR combined with PRP therapy improved the VAS, BCTQ-SSS, and BCTQ-FSS in patients with moderate symptoms. Given the additional financial burden on patients, CTR and PRP should be cautious with CTS therapy.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35978299

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

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* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions